By the infinite grace and boundless mercy of Allah, this series of volumes is my original work. The application of scientific facts, and the new discoveries from the Quran are all my own and quite unknown to anyone, anywhere, Muslims or non-Muslims. And for that, the most benign and merciful Allah be praised, for ever, eternally. And thus is all the responsibility mine. And again Allah be praised, and it is my conviction that it will save the mankind from atomic doom.
Allama Muhammad Yousuf Gabriel
History of Atomism
Doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atomism
The views of the Quran versus the views of early Greek Atomic Theory
The missing link between the ancient and modern followers of atomism
The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe” examined. Section (i) The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe”. Section-(ii) The endeavour of the philosopher in the twelve pages an echo of the ancient Greek atomism. Section (iii) The twelve pages reviewed in the light of doctrinal implications of ancient atom-ism. Section (iv) Doctrinal implications of the theory of ancient Greek atomism.
Quran versus the philosophy of “The Mysterious Universe”. Section (i) Introduction to the Quran versus “The Mysterious Universe”.
Section (ii) The dialogue between the Quran and the philosopher of the twelve page. Section (ii) (a) “A few stars…………..Universe” (M.U.) (page 1). The incomparably large size of the stars in comparison with the inseparably small size of the earth, the innumerably large number of the stars. And the resultant insignificance of our earth. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.
Section (ii) (b) “This vast……………distance”. (M.U) (page 1)
The unimagined a spaciousness and vacuity of space. Each star to voyage as if an empty ocean. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.
Section (ii) (c) “We believe………..is one: (M.U.) Page (1-2). The presumed hypothesis of the separation of earth from the sun. The relative views of the Quran in this context.
Section (ii) (d) “The sun…………..enshrined”. (M.U.) (Page 2)
The unsuitability of the heavenly bodies as the abode of life. The appearance of life on earth. The ignorance of the scientist as to how, why or when thereof. The appearance of life on earth and its subsequent development to its present stage. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (e) “Although …….to life”. (M.U) (page 2-3) This universe terrifying to the unscientific philosopher. The relative viewed of the Quran.
Section (ii) (f) “Into such………space” (M.U.) (page 304). The probability of life being as accidental and the product of blind play of chance. The example of blindly strumming monkeys on typewriters happening to type off a Shakespeare sonnet. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.
Section (ii) (g)” This rarity………………state”. (M.U.) (Page 4) The rarity of planetary systems, and the resultant diminutive character of life. The necessity of a particular range of temperature for the appearance of life. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (h) “The stars…… boil”. (M.U) (page 4) General unsuitability of the thermal conditions for the appearance of life in space, which is either too cold or too hot to allow the appearance fl life. The relative views of the Quran regarding the topic.
Section (ii) (i) “Life can……………..possible” (M.U.) (page 4-5) The number of and the areas of the zones in space in which life is thermally possible far too small. Their existence too scanty and space. So also the scarcity of the planets existing within these zones. Thus the material insignificance of life in the universe. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (j) “Just for…….line”.(M.U.) (page 5) The apparent lack of material proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism that is the universe, and the resulting output that is life and argument to deny the probability of the universe on having primarily designed to produce life like our own. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (k) “We do not………………biology”. (M.U. (Page 5-6) whether suitable physical conditions only enough for the appearance of life or not known. The material constituents of a living body ordinary chemical atoms. All these existed on the new born earth. The probability of the atoms to have arranged themselves in the way they are found arranged in a living cell. Whether a skilful chemist could create life out of necessary atoms or not, not known. The answer to this question liable to produce greater revolution of thought than that produced by Galilee’s astronomy or Darwin’s biology. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (l) “We do however…….molecules” (M.U.(Page 6-7) The particular capacity of the atoms of the living body for coagulating into extraordinarily large molecules. Yet mot atoms devoid of such a capacity. The role of carbon atom in producing life. Not the vital force as previously thought, but the ordinary element carbon to distinguish the matter of living bodies. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (m) “If this is no….it”. (M.U) (page 7).
The existence of life due to particular capacity of the carbon atom, namely its power to bind other atoms together. The reason of this particular property of carbon not yet fathomed by the mathematical physics. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (n) “Other similar…….why”. (M.U) page 7-8) Other similar cases of peculiar properties of certain atoms containing a definite number of electrons known to Chemistry. The example of magnetism, and radio-activity. The reason of this peculiarity not yet unravelled by the mathematical physic. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (o) “Thus chemistry…….governed”. (M.U.) (Page 8) The extent of the knowledge of Chemistry respecting this peculiarity of atoms limited to the existence of a certain definite number of electrons in atoms. Chemistry at present can only ell to place life in the same category as magnetism, and radio-activity. The universe built to operate according to certain laws. The numbers of electrons of the atoms and the consecutive properties thereof appearing in various phenomena, such as life, magnetism, and radio-activity. The Omnipotent Creator subject to no limitation whatsoever. The probabilities of atoms which certain other number of electrons to show certain other priorities is another type of a universe. Chemistry to suggest a probability that of life being an accidental consequence of the special set of laws that govern the present universe. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (p)”Again .Universe”. (M.U) (page 8-9) The word accidental, it is feared, may be challenged. The present set of laws might have been elected with a predetermined view of creating life. The suggestion of a dismissal of the anthropomorphic attributes respecting the Creator of universe in order to expel any notion of a special interest in life on the part of the Creator of this grand universe. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (q) “A trivial………….universe”. (P.U. page 9-10) The analogy between knots in maritime operations and the material activity of life in comparison to the total material activity of the universe. Both insignificant alike. Hence life to claim no special interest of the Creator. Magnetism or radio-activity on the other handstand in a better position to claim the special interest of the Creator, due to far greater material activity of physics than biology in the universe. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) ® “So much for…..race”. (M.U)) (Page 10) The bewilderment caused to the unscientific philosopher by the thought of origin of life and the purpose of means existence or the destiny while fate had in store for human race. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (s) : “Life of …….upset”. (M.U. (page 10) The balance of the suitable conditions of life, its possible derangement an easy matter. The derangement thereof to cause the disappearance of life. The relative views of he Quran.
Section (ii) (t): “Primitive…………life”. (M.U) page 10) The terror caused to the primitive man by the fast descending ice-age on earth. The universe to seem hostile to life to the inhabitants of the present age as well. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (u) “We of ……end”. (M.U) (page 10-11) The threat of approaching cold and the subsequent heat-death pass anticipated by the present generation of humanity. The example of Tantalus. The sun losing heat. The earth moving farther and farther away from the sun into the outer cold and darkness of space. The life to be ultimately frozen if not previously destroyed by some celestial collision or cataclysm. All suns in the universe to die like ours. Life on earth or wherever else it did exist in the universe would vanish to meet the same inglorious end. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (v) “Physics ………….death”. (P.U.) (Page 11) The prediction of the second law of thermodynamics about the end of life in the universe. A heat death. All roads to lead to Rome, that is universal death. The relative view s of the Quran.
Section (ii) (w) “Is this, then……….been”. (M.U) (page 11-12) Humanity’s mistake of stumbling into a universe not designed for life, and indifferent, even hostile to life to cling onto a microscopic grain of sand, that is our earth, and to strut our tiny hour that is the span of life in the universe, on our tiny stage, that is the earth, with acknowledge of final frustration of our aspirations, and the destruction of our achievements along with the disappearance of life from the earth. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (x) “Astronomy suggests ………….Science” (M.U) (page 12) The question about life’s end and an earth to be answered by physics and not astronomy. Relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (y) The Philosopher recants his former views before the Quran. The relative views of the Quran.
Section (ii) (z)
Philosopher’ former views and his altered views. His revelations, confessions complaints, delusions and his conclusions. Relative views of the Quran.
The simile of the Quran versus the Plato’s simile of the cave.
The pioneers of modern atomism had intended to adopt atomism with a determination to segregate its atheistic side and to adopt the purely scientific side of the theory and this they thought as possible. But time has exposed their error. The atheistic part of atomism has certainly kept its pace insidiously along with its scientific aspect. We have seen how exclusively materialistic has been Bacon’s philosophy of modern atomism, and how candidly did he throw the moral philosophy into the shade as superfluous, unwanted, even forbidden. The result of all the cleverness of Bacon in moulding his worldly philosophy has justly, rightly, logically and scientifically appeared as a burning, blazing, roaring, and braying atomic hell for the entire mankind, nay even all life on earth.
In this volume we will subject the science, (this modern science) to a scrutiny. We will see how far its votaries have adhered to the philosophic link with the peculiarly antithesis theory of ancient Greek atomism .And we are afraid to maintain that the loyal, philosophic minded votaries of this modern science have continued in the intrinsically implicit and explicit trends of ancient atomism and have not renounced the least traces of the peculiarly atheistic doctrinal tendencies of the 500 B.C. philosophy. And we will also see in the light of the discoveries of modern science, how far it has succeeded in giving answers to religious problems and the other questions which have haunted the human mind since times immemorial, and on which indeed depended the future of man both in this world and the other world. Science, however, has presented a dismal picture. It has indeed captured some of the martial forces of nature to provide some physical comforts to man—–though it is ultimately stuck up in atomic force—–but as far as the question of ultimate reality is concerned, it is nowhere near to it. But above all else we will bring the Quran into play all the while, and will subject the views of science and the philosophical scientist to its scrutiny and will know its own view regarding the views presented.
One of our object in this work as we have said is to find a link between the doctrines of the ancient Greek atomism, and the modern philosophic scientist. For this purpose we have selected a twelve page chapter by the name of “The Dying Sun” contained in “The Mysterious Universe” of Sir James Jeans. It is an amazingly master product of a giant intellect, and is superb analysis of a complicated topic by a very keen, very sublime and a very systematic mind appearing in a compact anarchy and is a remarkable specimen of penmanship. What greater honour is to be cherished by a man than that a piece of his literary work be selected as an exhibit for the scrutiny of no less a divine scripture than the Quran itself. But the piece did deserve such a unique honour. Sir Jeans has in his book exposed the true picture of science as at present it appears, and has assessed its limits and limitations in providing answers to man’s philosophical questions. The picture no doubt is dismal yet it is for a scientist of the calibre of Sir Jeans himself to undertake such a study and then to do justice to it. “The Mysterious Universe” of Sir James jeans was published in 1930. But it is a matter of regret that no James jeans arose after 1945, that is the year in which science appeared with its real, frightful countenance, in Hiroshima.
These twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe” contain a compact world of knowledge as will be seen in this work. But more wonderful it is, that the Quran should meet the science and the philosophy contained therein, point by point, from the beginning to the end condemning and attesting the facts in the manner of a dialogue, and in a way as if the Quran anticipated the thought, even language of Sir Jeans. This again appears as a miracle of the Quran, and as a means of depicting the difference between the divine and human intelligence.
Sir James Jeans has in these twelve pages tried to show how far the modern science as seen in the light of its discoveries could answer the general problems of philosophy and doctrines of religion, such as, the creation, its purpose, man’s purpose in it, its end, and thereafter. The brief foreword of Sir James Jeans to his “Mysterious Universe” will make the point clearer. He wrote:-
“There is a widespread conviction that the new teachings of astronomy and physical science are destined to produce an immense change on our outlook on the universe as a whole, and on our views as to the significance, of human life. The question at issue is ultimately one for philosophic discussion, but before the philosophers have a right to speak, science ought first to be asked to tell all she can as to ascertained facts and provisional hypotheses. Then and then only, may discussion legitimately pass into the realms of philosophy”.
With some such thoughts as these in my mind, I wrote the present book, obsessed by frequent doubts as to whether it could justify an addition to the great amount which has already been written on the subject I can claim no special qualifications beyond the proverbially advantageous position of the mere onlooker; I am not philosopher either by training or inclination, and for many years my scientific work has lain outside the arena of contending physical theories.
“The first four chapters, which form the main part of the book, contain brief discussions, on very broad lines; of such scientific questions as seem to be of interest, and to provide useful material, for the discussion of the ultimate philosophical problem. As far as possible I have avoided over-lapping my former book “The universe around us” because I hope the present book, may be read a sequel to that. But an exception has been made in favour of material which is essential to the main argument, so as to make the present book complete in itself”.
“The last chapter stands on a different level: Every one may claim the right to draw his own conclusions from the facts presented by modern science. The chapter merely contains the interpretations which I, a stranger in the realms of philosophical thought, feel inclined to place on the scientific facts and hypotheses discussed in the main part of the book. Many will disagree with it. It was written to that end”.
(Foreword to Mysterious Universe-Dorking 1930- J. H. Jeans)
These philosophical views which we have observed in these twelve pages as reminiscent of the doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atheistic atomism are not the views of a limited coterie of scientists, or a sect of distempered philosophers, but rather are the practical views of the entire mankind of today, even of those who never have heard them in their life, Nay even of those who would most vehemently disavow them, for, these are the views that are inherent in the spirit of the prevalent philosophy of Baconian atomism. In time, however, if this age continues, people will own these views openly as their belief. The atomic cataclysm may, however, intervene, and cut the gordian knot.
Sir James Jeans has in writing a book like “The Mysterious Universe” rendered a great, rather invaluable service to this modern deluded world. He has by exposing the real situation of this modern science unveiled a picture which none but a man of the calibre of Sir James Jeans himself could have been able to do. He certainly has thrown this modern science from the status of a wonder-working Goddess down to a humble hand-maid, of course with her atomic trident held by her. He has exposed her philosophical limitations, and scientific incapabilties with ability and with courage, enough to pen the hypnotised eye of mankind to the true reality in a stark naked situation. Sir James jeans has sadly complained of the possibility of certain passages of his original work having been liable to misunderstanding, misinterpretation, even misquotation in various unexpected ways. I am quite unaware from which direction did the criticism issue, though I am not unaware of the endless and extreme subtleties of the subject of philosophy. On my own part I have tried to make myself believe that the philosophical points discussed in the 12 pages were not essentially the conviction of Sir James Jeans or any other particular individual, rather the philosopher has treated the generalities as personified. Even if Sir James Jeans had written utterly against religion, what a unique honour it had been for a writer to happen to be the author of a human production deemed fit to serve as an exhibit to the scrutiny of a scripture.
And in the end let it be known, and let there be no misunderstanding, that the entire world today, from one end to the other, most evidently is the follower of the Baconian philosophy of modern atomism in the practical sense of the word, by virtue of this science as it is, and by virtue of this progress as it is, and the end is universal ruin in the atomic hell. And please allow me to repeat in order to save his honour, that the thought and conclusions found in the twelve pages of ” The Mysterious Universe”, that are the subject of discussion in this our book, are not at all those of Sir James jeans himself, but rather he has shown the probable trends of the modern science and its capacity in the field of philosophy. Some of these conclusions he has explicitly negated in the last chapter of his book and we have mentioned in this our work. The person, the mind and the intellect of Sir James Jeans is such that is worthy of boundless esteem and hearty respect. His book is marvel of clarification.
- 77Chapter-1 History of Atomism Chapter-II Doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atomism Chapter-III The views of the Quran versus the views of early Greek Atomic Theory Chapter-IV The missing link between the ancient and modern followers of atomism Chapter-V The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe” examined. Section (i) The twelve…