Annexure A Summary of Quran vs Unscientific Philosophy of Scientists

Chapter-1

History of Atomism

Chapter-II

Doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atomism

Chapter-III

The views of the Quran versus the views of early Greek Atomic Theory

Chapter-IV

The missing link between the ancient and modern followers of atomism

Chapter-V

The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe” examined. Section (i) The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe”. Section-(ii) The endeavour of the philosopher in the twelve pages an echo of the ancient Greek atomism. Section (iii) The twelve pages reviewed in the light of doctrinal implications of ancient atom-ism. Section (iv) Doctrinal implications of the theory of ancient Greek atomism.

Chapter-VI

Quran versus the philosophy of “The Mysterious Universe”. Section (i) Introduction to the Quran versus “The Mysterious Universe”.

Part (one)

Part (two)

Section (ii) The dialogue between the Quran and the philosopher of the twelve page. Section (ii) (a) “A few stars…………..Universe” (M.U.) (page 1). The incomparably large size of the stars in comparison with the inseparably small size of the earth, the innumerably large number of the stars. And the resultant insignificance of our earth. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.

Section (ii) (b) “This vast……………distance”. (M.U) (page 1)

The unimagined a spaciousness and vacuity of space. Each star to voyage as if an empty ocean. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.

Section (ii) (c) “We believe………..is one: (M.U.) Page (1-2). The presumed hypothesis of the separation of earth from the sun. The relative views of the Quran in this context.

Section (ii) (d) “The sun…………..enshrined”. (M.U.) (Page 2)

The unsuitability of the heavenly bodies as the abode of life. The appearance of life on earth. The ignorance of the scientist as to how, why or when thereof. The appearance of life on earth and its subsequent development to its present stage. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (e) “Although …….to life”. (M.U) (page 2-3) This universe terrifying to the unscientific philosopher. The relative viewed of the Quran.

Section (ii) (f) “Into such………space” (M.U.) (page 304). The probability of life being as accidental and the product of blind play of chance. The example of blindly strumming monkeys on typewriters happening to type off a Shakespeare sonnet. The relative views of the Quran on the topic.

Section (ii) (g)” This rarity………………state”. (M.U.) (Page 4) The rarity of planetary systems, and the resultant diminutive character of life. The necessity of a particular range of temperature for the appearance of life. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (h) “The stars…… boil”. (M.U) (page 4) General unsuitability of the thermal conditions for the appearance of life in space, which is either too cold or too hot to allow the appearance fl life. The relative views of the Quran regarding the topic.

Section (ii) (i) “Life can……………..possible” (M.U.) (page 4-5) The number of and the areas of the zones in space in which life is thermally possible far too small. Their existence too scanty and space. So also the scarcity of the planets existing within these zones. Thus the material insignificance of life in the universe. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (j) “Just for…….line”.(M.U.) (page 5) The apparent lack of material proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism that is the universe, and the resulting output that is life and argument to deny the probability of the universe on having primarily designed to produce life like our own. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (k) “We do not………………biology”. (M.U. (Page 5-6) whether suitable physical conditions only enough for the appearance of life or not known. The material constituents of a living body ordinary chemical atoms. All these existed on the new born earth.  The probability of the atoms to have arranged themselves in the way they are found arranged in a living cell. Whether a skilful chemist could create life out of necessary atoms or not, not known. The answer to this question liable to produce greater revolution of thought than that produced by Galilee’s astronomy or Darwin’s biology. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (l) “We do however…….molecules” (M.U.(Page 6-7) The particular capacity of the atoms of the living body for coagulating into extraordinarily large molecules. Yet mot atoms devoid of such a capacity. The role of carbon atom in producing life. Not the vital force as previously thought, but the ordinary element carbon to distinguish the matter of living bodies. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (m) “If this is no….it”. (M.U) (page 7).

The existence of life due to particular capacity of the carbon atom, namely its power to bind other atoms together. The reason of this particular property of carbon not yet fathomed by the mathematical physics. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (n) “Other similar…….why”. (M.U) page 7-8) Other similar cases of peculiar properties of certain atoms containing a definite number of electrons known to Chemistry. The example of magnetism, and radio-activity. The reason of this peculiarity not yet unravelled by the mathematical physic. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (o) “Thus chemistry…….governed”. (M.U.) (Page 8) The extent of the knowledge of Chemistry respecting this peculiarity of atoms limited to the existence of a certain definite number of electrons in atoms. Chemistry at present can only ell to place life in the same category as magnetism, and radio-activity. The universe built to operate according to certain laws. The numbers of electrons of the atoms and the consecutive properties thereof appearing in various phenomena, such as life, magnetism, and radio-activity. The Omnipotent Creator subject to no limitation whatsoever. The probabilities of atoms which certain other number of electrons to show certain other priorities is another type of a universe. Chemistry to suggest a probability that of life being an accidental consequence of the special set of laws that govern the present universe. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (p)”Again .Universe”. (M.U) (page 8-9) The word accidental, it is feared, may be challenged. The present set of laws might have been elected with a predetermined view of creating life. The suggestion of a dismissal of the anthropomorphic attributes respecting the Creator of universe in order to expel any notion of a special interest in life on the part of the Creator of this grand universe. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (q) “A trivial………….universe”. (P.U. page 9-10) The analogy between knots in maritime operations and the material activity of life in comparison to the total material activity of the universe. Both insignificant alike. Hence life to claim no special interest of the Creator. Magnetism or radio-activity on the other handstand in a better position to claim the special interest of the Creator, due to far greater material activity of physics than biology in the universe. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) ® “So much for…..race”. (M.U)) (Page 10) The bewilderment caused to the unscientific philosopher by the thought of origin of life and the purpose of means existence or the destiny while fate had in store for human race. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (s) : “Life of …….upset”. (M.U. (page 10) The balance of the suitable conditions of life, its possible derangement an easy matter. The derangement thereof to cause the disappearance of life. The relative views of he Quran.

Section (ii) (t): “Primitive…………life”. (M.U) page 10) The terror caused to the primitive man by the fast descending ice-age on earth.  The universe to seem hostile to life to the inhabitants of the present age as well. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (u) “We of ……end”. (M.U) (page 10-11) The threat of approaching cold and the subsequent heat-death pass anticipated by the present generation of humanity. The example of Tantalus. The sun losing heat. The earth moving farther and farther away from the sun into the outer cold and darkness of space. The life to be ultimately frozen if not previously destroyed by some celestial collision or cataclysm. All suns in the universe to die like ours. Life on earth or wherever else it did exist in the universe would vanish to meet the same inglorious end. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (v)  “Physics ………….death”. (P.U.) (Page 11) The prediction of the second law of thermodynamics about the end of life in the universe. A heat death. All roads to lead to Rome, that is universal death. The relative view s of the Quran.

Section (ii) (w) “Is this, then……….been”. (M.U) (page 11-12) Humanity’s mistake of stumbling into a universe not designed for life, and indifferent, even hostile to life to cling onto a microscopic grain of sand, that is our earth, and to strut our tiny hour that is the span of life in the universe, on our tiny stage, that is the earth, with acknowledge of final frustration of our aspirations, and the destruction of our achievements along with the disappearance of life from the earth. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (x) “Astronomy suggests ………….Science” (M.U) (page 12) The question about life’s end and an earth to be answered by physics and not astronomy. Relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (y) The Philosopher recants his former views before the Quran. The relative views of the Quran.

Section (ii) (z)

Philosopher’ former views and his altered views. His revelations, confessions complaints, delusions and his conclusions. Relative views of the Quran.

Chapter-VII

The simile of the Quran versus the Plato’s simile of the cave.

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