The Quran versus Philosophy of Mysterious Universe

SECTION (i)

INTRODUCTION

PART (ONE):

The pioneers of modern atomism and intended to adopt atomism with a determination to segregate its atheistic side and to adopt the purely scientific side of the theory and this they thought as possible. But time has

 exposed their error. The atheistic part of atomism has certainly kept its pace insidiously along with its scientific aspect. We have seen how exclusively materialistic has been Bacon’s philosophy of modern atomism, and how candidly did he throw the moral philosophy into the shade as superfluous, unwanted, even forbidden. The result of all the cleverness of Bacon in moulding his worldly philosophy has justly, rightly, logically and scientifically appeared as a burning, blazing, roaring, and braying atomic hell for the entire mankind, nay even all life on earth.

          In this Chapter we will subject the science, (this modern science) to a scrutiny. We will see how far its votaries have adhered to the philosophic link with the peculiarly antithetical theory of ancient Greek atomism. And we are afraid to maintain that the loyal, philosophic minded votaries of this modern science have continued in the intrinsically implicit and explicit trends of ancient atomism and have not renounced the least traces of the peculiarly atheistic doctrinal tendencies of the 500 B.C. philosophy. And we will also see in the lights of the discoveries of modern science, how far it has succeeded in giving answers to religious problems and the other questions which have haunted the human mind since times immemorial, and on which indeed depended the future of man both in this world and the other world. Science, however, has presented a dismal picture. It has indeed captured some of the material forces of nature to provide some physical comforts to man—-though it is ultimately stuck up in atomic force—but as far as the question of ultimate reality is concerned, it is nowhere near to it. But above all else we will bring the Quran into play all the while, and will subject the views of science and the philosophical scientist to its scrutiny and will know its own view regarding the views presented.

          One of our objects in this work as we have said is to find a link between the doctrines of the ancient Greek atomism, and the modern philosophic scientist. For this purpose we have selected a twelve page chapter by the name of “The Dying Sun” contained in the book “The Mysterious Universe” of Sir James Jeans. It is an amazingly master product of a giant intellect, and is superb analysis of a copulated topic by a very keen, very sublime and a very systematic mind, appearing in a compact array, and is a remarkable specimen of penmanship. What greater- honour is to be cherished by a man than a piece of his literary work be selected as an exhibit for the scrutiny of not less a divine scripture than the Quran itself. But the piece did deserve such a unique honour. Sir Jeans has in his book exposed the true picture of science as at present it appears, and has assessed its limits and limitations in providing answers to man’s philosophical question. The picture no doubt is dismal yet it is for a scientist of the calibre of Sir Jeans himself to undertake such a study and then to do justice to it. The “Mysterious Universe” of Sir Jams Jeans was published in 1930, but it is a matter of regret that no James Jeans arose after 1945, that is the year in which science appeared with its real, frightful countenance, in Hiroshima.

          These twelve pages of “Mysterious Universe” contain a compact world of knowledge as will be seen in this work. But more wonderful it is, that the Quran should meet the science and the philosophy contained therein, point by point, from the beginning to the end of condemning and attesting the facts in the manner of a dialogue, and in a way as if the Quran anticipated the thought, even language of Sir Jeans. This again appears as a miracle of the Quran, and as a means of depicting the difference between the divine and human intelligence. Sir James jeans has in these twelve pages tried to show how far the modern science as seen in the light of its discoveries could answer the general problems of philosophy and doctrines of religion, such as, the creation, its purpose, man’s purpose in it, its end, and thereafter. The brief Foreword of Sir Jeans to his “The Mysterious Universe” will make the point clearer. He wrote:-

          “There is widespread conviction that the new teachings of astronomy and physical science are destined to produce an immense change on our outlook on the universe as a whole, and on our views as to the significance, of human life. The question at issue is ultimately one for philosophic discussion but before the philosophers have a right to speak, science ought first to be asked to tell all she can as to ascertained facts and provisional hypotheses. Then and then only, may discussion legitimately pass into the realms of philosophy”.

And:-

          “With some such thoughts as these in my mind, I wrote the present book, obsessed by frequent doubts as to whether it could justify an addition to the great amount which has already been written on the subject. I can claim no special qualifications beyond the proverbially advantageous position of the mere onlooker; I am not a philosopher either by training or inclination, and for many years my scientific work has lain outside the area of contending physical theories”.

And:-

          “The first four chapters which form the main part of the book contain brief discussions, on very broad lines, of such scientific questions as seem to be of interest, and to provide useful material, for the discussion of the ultimate philosophical problem. As far as possible, I have avoided over-lapping my former book” The Universe around us” because I hope the present book, may be read as equal to that. But an exception has been made in favour of material which is essential to the main argument, so as to make the present book complete in itself”.

And:-

          “The last chapter stands on different level. Every one may claim the right to draw his own conclusions from the facts presented by modern science. The chapter merely contains the interpretations which I, a stranger in the realm of philosophical thought, feel inclined to place on the scientific facts and hypotheses discussed in the main part of the book. Many will disagree with it. It was written to that end”.

(Foreword to Mysterious Universe-Dorking, 1930-J.H. Jeans)

                   These philosophical views which we have observed in these twelve pages as reminiscent of the doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atheistic atomism, are not the view of a limited coteries of scientists, or a set of distempered philosopher, but rather are the practical views of the entire mankind of today, even of those who never have heard them in their life. Nay even of those who would most vehemently disavow them, for, these are the views that are inherent in the spirit of the prevalent philosophy of Baconian atomism. In time, however, if this age continues, people will own these views openly as their belief. The atomic cataclysm may, however intervene, and cut the Gordian knot.

          Sir James Jeans has in writing a book like “The Mysterious Universe” rendered a great, rather invaluable service to this modern deluded world. He has by exposing the real situation of this modern science unveiled a picture which none but a man of the calibre of Sir James Jeans himself could have been able to do. He certainly has thrown this modern science from the status of a wonder-working Goddess down to a humble hand-maid, of course with her atomic trident held by her. He has exposed her philosophical limitations, and scientific incapabilties with ability and with courage, enough to open the hypnotized eye of mankind to the true reality in a stark naked posture. Sir James Jeans has sadly complained of the possibility of certain passages of his original work having been liable to misunderstanding, misinterpretation, even mis-quotation in various unexpected ways. I am quite unaware from which direction did the criticism issue, though I am not unaware of the endless and extreme subtleties of the subject of philosophy. On my own part I have tried to make myself believe that the philosophical points discussed in the 12 pages were not essentially the convictions of Sir James Jeans or any other particular individual, rather the philosopher has treated the generalities as personified. Even if Sir James Jean had written utterly against religion, what a unique honour it had been for a writer to happen to be the author of a human production deemed fit to serve as an exhibit to the scrutiny of a scripture.

          And a word more. We are going to bring the philosopher of the twelve pages and the Quran face to face. That they discuss the points in the form of a dialogue. The entire course will be found bestrewn with wonders of science, philosophy expression, anticipation and pervasiveness displayed by the Quran to the amazement of the scientist, philosopher and intellectual. The work entirely is the result of my own research, indeed by the Grace of Allah, and has been hitherto unknown to the entire world.

INTRODUCTION

PART (TWO):

QURAN VERSUS THE TWELVE PAGES OF THE “THE MYSTERIOUS UNIVERSE”.

          The article of Sir James Jeans that we have discussed in the twelve pages of the “Mysterious Universe” in the previous sections is a masterly representation of a peculiar branch of the philosophy of modern atomism and is a proof of his great fundamental knowledge of modern science. The ensuing dialogue between the philosopher and the Quran, which we will now produce, is a landmark in the history of philosophy, which may justly be regarded as the appearance of the modern philosophy of Baconian atomism in the court on its doomsday at the end of its three and a half century life.

          The usual manner in such a work was to treat the subject point by point, explaining and interpreting the views of both the contestants, and making all along necessary clarifications and drawing inferences and giving resultant opinions till the work came to its end. That indeed would have been a real help to the reader who could have gone through without so much as a pause and made his judgment. I, however, for the better or for the worse have adopted quite a different course.  I have preferred to bring both the contestant face to face in a dialogue without the least interruption from any quarter or in any way, leaving the whole to the understanding of the reader himself. Now this is a test for the Quran, a sort of a test which could not even be thought of. A seventh century religious revelation against a twentieth century scientific and philosophical writing of unique complexity could stand in a dialogue and overlap, outweigh and overwhelm the adversary only through some power that may well be regarded as miraculous, and indeed, the theme is nothing short of a miracle, a miracle undeniable by scientist or a philosopher. This manner that of dialogue, however, has enhanced the interest and wonder, and has revealed a particular feature of the Quran that of the adaptability of expression to any occasion beside an all-embracing comprehensives.

          The theme of the dialogue no doubt is not very easy. It has entailed an acute and comprehensive knowledge of science and philosophy. Humanity in these present times appears to have lost all interest in philosophical tendencies, philosophical cognizance, and philosophical learning. The generality of the quotations of the Quran in the dialogue in question are simple and straight, but there are some which at first glance at least may appear as remote, even haphazard and unconnected to those who are not well-versed in philosophy and science, though these same quotations may prove to be the delight of those who knew. The main point, however, is the understanding of the philosophic intent and purport of the points of the philosopher of the twelve pages for, anyone who will know that, he will confront the least difficulty in understanding the purport of the relative quotation of the Quran. With this apprehension in view I have taken considerable pains in explaining the philosophical intent and purport of the philosophy of the twelve pages in the previous sections. Who has read those sections carefully should find no difficulty in comprehending the purport of the quotations of the Quran in the ensuing dialogue.

          A reader, however,  who finds himself at a loss to know the purport of any quotation of the Quran, let him not lose heart, but let him rather try to know the purport of the relative point of the philosophy of the twelve pages and then try to understand the quotation of the Quran. This provides good exercise to the brain, and a reward of delight similar to that which comes when the problem is solved or a puzzle is cleared. With this advice to the reader, and with a conviction that not one quotation of the Quran in the dialogue is amiss in the least, let us begin the dialogue in the name of the most Benign and merciful Allah.

          So far as the numbering of the quotations of the Quran is concerned, the number of a quotation may be found to refer not merely to the part actually quoted, but it might refer to the entire relative text for further reading to understand the context of the point of reference.

SECTION (ii)

THE DIALOGUE BETWEEN THE QURAN

AND THE PHILOSOPHER OF THE TWELVE PAGES:-

THE TWELVE PAGES WILL BE REPEATED, AND,

THE QURAN WILL ENTER IN DIALOGUE POINT BY POINT

Section (ii) (a)

          “A few stars are known which are hardly bigger than the earth, but the majority are so large that hundreds of thousands of earths could be packed inside each and leave room to spare. Here and there we come upon a giant star large enough to contain millions of millions of earths. And the total number of stars in the Universe is probably something like the total number of grains of sand on all the seashores of the world. Such is the littleness of our home in space, when measured up against the total substance of the Universe”.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 1)

          See how the philosopher forestalls through the apparent smallness and insignificance of earth in comparison to the total material of the universe, the point of the lack of proportion between the universe and its product, that is life, and consequently the improbability of life holding a place of special interest in the eyes of the Creator. All this with a view to falsifying entirely the religious view of the plan, design, divine government, man‘s trial and purpose, and the special place of earth, life and man in the creation of the universe. Mark now the replies of the Quran with these points in view, and in relative appropriateness of its answers.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “A few stars are known which are hardly bigger than the earth, but the majority are so large that hundreds of thousands of earths could be packed inside each and leave room to spare. Here and there we come upon a giant star large enough to contain millions of millions of earths. And the total number of stars in the Universe is probably something like the total number of grains of sand on all the seashores of the world. Such is the littleness of our home in space, when measured up against the total substance of the Universe”.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 1)

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “Such is the littleness of our home in space when measured up against the total substance of the universe”.

QURAN:-

          (a)      “Verily My earth is spacious”. “O, my servants who have believed, verily My earth is spacious; wherefore serve me. Every soul shall taste of death, then unto Us shall ye be returned. Those who believe and do good works, them verily We shall house in lofty dwellings of the garden underneath which rivers flow. There they will dwell secure; how sweet the guerdeon of the toilers, who preserve and put their trust in their Lord”.

                                                (29 X 56-59)

(b)      “And when they are flung into a narrow space (in the hell) chained together they prey for destruction: Pray not that day for one destruction, but pray for many destructions; say: In that (doom) better or the garden of immortality which is promised unto those who ward off (evil)? It will be their reward and journey’s end. Therein abiding (for ever) they have all that they desire. It is for thy Lord a promise that must be fulfilled”.

                             (25 x 13-16).

And:-

(c)      “ Your Lord is endued with extensive mercy”.

                                      (6 x 147)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(2)      “A few stars are known which are hardly bigger than the earth”.

QURAN:-

“We have adorned the lower heaven with the ornament of the stars”.

                                      (37 x 6-10)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(3)      “But the majority (of the stars) are so large that hundreds of thousands of earths could be packed inside each and leave room to spare”.

QURAN:-

          “Yea ! I swear by the setting of the stars, and it is surely a great oath if ye knew it”.

                                      (56 x 75-76)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(4)      “Here and there we come upon a giant star large enough to contain millions of millions of earths”.

QURAN:-

          “And that (God) is the Lord of Sirus, the greater”.

                                      (53 x 49)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(5)      “And total number of stars in the universe is probably something like the total number of the grains of sand on all the sea shores of the world”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “If the sea were ink to (write) the words of my Lord, verily the sea would fail, before the words of my Lord would fail; although we added further supply”.

                                      (18 x 109)

(b)      “Yet, we have sufficient accountants with us”.

                                      (21 x 47)

SECTION (ii) (b)

          “This vast multitude of stars are wandering about in space. Some form groups and journey in company but the majority are solitary travellers. And they travel in a universe so spacious, that it is an event of almost unimaginable rarity for a star to come anywhere near to another star. For the most part each voyages in splendid isolation, like a ship on an empty ocean. In a scale model in which the stars are ships, the average ship will be well over a million miles from its nearest neighbour, whence it is easy to understand why a ship seldom finds another within hailing distance”.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 1)

          That frequent collisions do not occur among the stars, is due not to any design, plan, or control of the creator, but rather the great distance between the stars is the reason according to the philosopher. By this line of argument the philosopher intends to plead to the point of the parity of planetary systems in which life can possibly appear or exist, as well as to the point of the probability of the accidental nature of the creation of earth and the appearance of life in it. This is as usual as attempt to falsify and negate the relative doctrines of religion, namely, the design, plan, divine control, purpose of the creation of life and man. Mark the trend of Quran’s answers in the light of these points.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “This vast multitude of stars are wandering about in space. Some form groups and journey in company but the majority are solitary travellers. And they travel in a universe so spacious, that it is an event of almost unimaginable rarity for a star to come anywhere near to another star. For the most part each voyages in splendid isolation, like a ship on an empty ocean. In a scale model in which the stars are ships, the average ship will be well over a million miles from its nearest neighbour, whence it is easy to understand why a ship seldom finds another within hailing distance”.

                   (The Mysterious Universe page 1)

QURAN:-

(a)      “Consider the heavens full of stars and the threatened day”.

                                                (85 x 1-2)

(b)      “Verily (both) in heavens and earth (are) signs of the (divine power) unto the true believers”.

                                                (45 x3)

(c)      “Consider whatever is in heaven and on earth: But signs are of no avail, neither preachers, unto people who will not believe”.

                                                (10 x 101)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(1)      “This vast multitude of stars are wandering about in space”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “God created the sun and the moon and the stars, absolutely subject unto His command”.

                                                          (7×54)

(b)      “We have created over you seven heavens: and We are not negligent of what We have created”.

                                                          (23 x17)

(c)      “God is the supreme Lord over His servants, and He is the wise and knowing”.

                                                          (6 x 18)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(2)      “A few (stars) form groups which journey in company, but the majority are solitary travellers”.

QURAN:-

          “verily I swear by the stars which are retrograde, which move swiftly, and which hide themselves”.

                                                          (81 x15-16)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(3)      “And they travel through a universe so spacious”.

QURAN:-

          “We have built the heaven with might, and we have given it a vast extent”.

                                                (51 x 47)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(4)      “That it is an event of almost unimaginable rarity for a star, to come anywhere near to another star. For the most part each voyages in splendid isolation like a ship on an empty ocean”.

QURAN:-

                   ‘It is not expedient that the sun should overtake the moon (in her course); Neither doth the night overstrip the day”.

                                                (36 x 40) PHILOSOPHER:-

(5)      “For the most part each voyages in splendid isolation like a ship on an empty ocean”.

QURAN:-

          “They float each in an orbit”.

                                      (36 x 40)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(6)      “On a scale model in which stars are ships, the average ship will be well over a million miles from its nearest neighbour”.

QURAN:-

          “Lord of the ascending stairways (whereby) the angels and the spirit ascend unto Him in a day whereof the span is fifty thousand years”.

                                                (70 x 3-4)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(7)      “For the most part each voyages in splendid isolation like a ship on Empty Ocean. In a scale model in which stars are ships, the average ship will be well over million miles from its nearest neigbhour. Whence it is easy to understand why a ship seldom finds another within hailing distance”.

QURAN:-

          “Do they not look up to heaven above them (and consider) how we have raised it and adorned it, and that (there are) no flaws therein”.

                                                (50 x 6)

SECTION (II) (c)

          “We believe nevertheless, that some two thousand million years ago this rare event took place and that a second star wandering blindly through space happened to come within hailing distance of the sun. Just as the sun and moon raise tides on the earth, so this second star must have raised tides on the surface of the sun. But they would be very different from the puny tides which the small mass of the moon raises in our oceans; a huge tidal wave must have traveled over the surface of the sun, ultimately forming a mountain of prodigious height, which would rise ever higher and higher as the cause of the disturbance came nearer and nearer. And, before the second star began to recede its tidal pull had become so powerful that this mountain was torn to pieces and threw off small fragments of itself, much as the crest of a wave throws off spray. These small fragments have been circulating around their parent sun ever since. They are the planets great and small of which our earth is one “.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 1-2)

          See how the philosopher exemplifies his view of the accidental nature of the creation of earth and subsequent appearance of life on it by advancing this particular theory of earth’s creation. What has to be known in this respect is the nature of this theory and its scientific validity. It is no more than a hypothesis, a suggestion or a supposition. It is not at all supported by any substantial, scientific proof. And it has to be specially marked that science itself does not accept any hypothesis as a fact, unless supported by a factual, scientific proof. Judge the answers of the Quran and its views in the light of these points, keeping in mind the philosopher’s intrinsic, sinister intent of the falsification of the relative religious doctrines.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “We believe nevertheless, that some two thousand million years ago this rare event took place and that a second star wandering blindly through space happened to come within hailing distance of the sun. Just as the sun and moon raise tides on the earth, so this second star must have raised tides on the surface of the sun. But they would be very different from the puny tides which the small mass of the moon raises in our oceans; a huge tidal wave must have traveled over the surface of the sun, ultimately forming a mountain of prodigious height, which would rise ever higher and higher as the cause of the disturbance came nearer and nearer. And, before the second star began to recede its tidal pull had become so powerful that this mountain was torn to pieces and threw off small fragments of itself, much as the crest of a wave throws off spray. These small fragments have been circulating around their parent sun ever since. They are the planets great and small of which our earth is one Q1.

                             (The Mysterious Universe page 1-2)

——————————————————————-

Q1 In another connection the Quran has described an instance which bears a striking resemblance with this hypothesis of earth’s coming into being. The Quran actually has described the Holy Prophet’s vision of heavens and of angel Gabriel. The words are “One vigorous and he grew clear to view when he was on uppermost horizon. Then he drew nigh and came down, till He was distant two bows length or even nearer, and He revealed unto his servant that which he revealed”. (53 x 1-18) But it cannot be applied to this particular case of the hypothesis of earth creation as is advanced by Sir James Jeans. The instance, though, provides an analogy of absorbing interest to an intelligent reader.

 

 

 

QURAN:-

  • “But they have no knowledge therein they follow no other than a bare opinion, and a bare opinion attaineth not anything of truth”         (53×28)

 (b)     “Have ye a book, wherein ye read, that ye

are therein promised that which ye shall choose?”3.

(68×37-38)

(c)      “Or is the unseen their’s, or do they transcribe the same from the table of God’s decrees?” 4.

                                                (68 x47)

(d)   “Bring your proof (of what ye state), if ye be truthful” 5.                                   (2×111)

  • Disbelieve ye, verily in Him who created the earth in two days, and ascribe ye unto Him rivals? He (and none else) is the Lord of the worlds. He placed
  1. In this instance a hypothesis only is under discussion and not an established truth of science.
  • The book only of the established and proved laws of nature is the requisite.

therein firm hills rising above it, and blessed it and measured therein its substances in four days, alike for (all) who ask, then turned he to the heaven when it has smoke, and said unto it and unto the earth, Come both of you willing or loth. They said: We come obedient. Then He ordained them seven heavens in two days and inspired in each heaven its mandate; and we decked the nether heaven with lamps and rendered it invoilable. That is the measuring of the mighty, the knower. But if they turn away, then say, I warn you of a thunderbolt like the thunderbolt 6 (which fell of old upon the tribes) of AAD and THAMUD”.

                                               (41 x9-13)

(4)      In this instance the book of laws and principles of nature.

(5)      Science accepts nothing without substantial proof thereof.

———————————————————————

  1. “The heaven and the earth were of one piece, then we parted them and we made every living thing of water                                                            (21×30-33)
  • SECTION (ii) (d)
  1. “The sun and other stars we see in the sky are all intensely hot —for too hot for life to be able to obtain or retain a footing on them. So also no doubt were the ejected fragments when they were first thrown off. Gradually they cooled until now they have but little intrinsic heat left, their warmth being derived almost entirely from the Radiation which the sun pours down on them. In course of time was known not how when or why, one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life. It started in simple organisms whose vital capacities

————————————————————————

  1. How very appropriate in response to the Quran’s threat now appears the thunderbolt of the atomic bomb as the logical and scientific consequence of this modern philosophy and science which is at variance with the philosophy of the Quran.

————————————————————————

consisted of little beyond reproduction and death. But from these humble beginnings emerged a stream of life which, advancing through ever greater and greater complexity has culminated in beings whose lives are largely centered in their emotions and ambitions, their aesthetic appreciations, and religions in which their highest hopes and noblest aspirations lie enshrined”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 2)

That the sun and the stars are hot is known, while the hypothesis of the cooling of the thrown fragments of the sun stands on debatable grounds. Mark the outright confession of ignorance on the part of the philosopher regarding the questions, how, when or why of the appearance of life on earth. Indeed science hitherto has told nothing in these matters, nor it appears to be very probable that science, judging from its potentialities, will ever be able to give answers to such questions. The Quran, however, tells its own views about all these points. Mark the difference between the basic behaviour of the science-guided philosopher and the book of religion. The former excludes any thought of God, while the latter sees the hand of God in everything.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “The sun and the stars we see in the sky are all intensely hot —for too hot for life to be able to obtain or retain a footing on them. So also no doubt were the ejected fragments when they were first thrown off. Gradually they cooled until now they have but little intrinsic heat left, their warmth being derived almost entirely from the Radiation which the sun pours down on them. In course of time was known not how when or why, one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life. It started in simple organisms whose vital capacities consisted of little beyond reproduction and death. But from these humble beginnings emerged a stream of life which, advancing through ever greater and greater complexity has culminated in beings whose lives are largely centered in their emotions and ambitions, their aesthetic appreciations, and religions in which their highest hopes and noblest aspirations lie enshrined”.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 2)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “The sun and the stars we see in the sky are all intensely hot”.

QURAN

          (a)      “The heat of hell is hotter”.

                                      (9×81)

          (b)      “We have built above you seven strong (heavens), and have appointed dazzling lamp” 7 .

                                      (78 x12013)

(c)      “Hath ordained the stars for you, that ye may be directed thereby”.

                                      (6×95-97)

——————————————————————–

  1. The prominent theorists will find in this work, theories, realistic, startling and showing a mind far above human level. And they who mention the heat of the sun and the stars in order to falsify the doctrine of faith may well be alluded to the hotter hell.

————————————————————————————–

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Far too hot for life to be able to obtain or retain a footing on them”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Whoso is removed from the fire and is made to enter paradise, he indeed is triumphant”.

                                                (3×185)

(b)      “And the earth hath He prepared for the living creatures: therein (are various) fruits, and palm trees bearing sheaths of flowers; and grain having chaff and leaves. Which therefore of your’s Lord’s favour will ye ungratefully deny”.

                                                (55 x 10-13)

(c)      “Lo! those who expect not the meeting with Us but desire the life of the world and feel secure therein, and those who are negligent of Our revelations, their home will be the fire because of what they used to earn. Lo! Those who believe and do good works, their Lord guideth them by their faith. Rivers will flow beneath them in the gardens of delight”.

                                                (10x 7-10)

(d)      “Lo! Herein indeed are portents for people who have sense”.

                                                (16×12)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “So also no doubt were the ejected fragments of the sun (intensely hot) when they were first thrown off. Gradually they cooled, until now they have but little intrinsic heat left, their warmth being derived almost entirely from the radiation which the sun pours down upon them. In course of time we know not how, when or why one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life”.

QURAN:-

d        “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth”.

                                                (20×52)

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “We do not know how one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life”.

QURAN:-    

(a)      “Allah createth what He will. If He decreeth a thing, He sayeth unto it only Be! And it is”.

                                                (3×47)

(b)      “Your creation and your raising (from the dead) are only as (the creation and the raising) of a single soul. Lo! Allah is hearer, knower”.

                                                (31×28)

(c)      “Are you the harder to create, or is the heaven that He built? He raised the height thereof and ordered it, and He made dark the night thereof, and He brought forth the Morn thereof. And after that he spread the earth and produced there from the water thereof and the pasture thereof.  And He made fast the hills. A provision for you and your cattle”.

                                                (79×27-33)

(d)      He created you from one being, then from that (being) he made its mate; and He had provided for you of cattle eight kinds. He created you in the wombs of your mothers creation after creation, (by several gradual formations) within three veils of darkness. This is God your lord. His (is) the kingdom, there is no God but He. Why therefore are ye turned aside (from the worship of Him to idolatry?). If ye are thankless, yet Allah is independent of you, though He is not pleased with ingratitude in His servants: But if ye be thankful He will be well-pleased with you”.

                                      (39×6-7)

(e)      “And the earth have we laid out, how gracious was the spreader (thereof) land all thinghs we have created by Pairs, that haply ye may reflect”.

                                      (51×48-49)

(f)       “Sendeth down water from sky in (due) measure, and we revive a dead land therewith. Even so ye be brought forth”.

                                      (43-11)

(g)      “We made every living thing of water”.

                                      (21×30)

(h)     “He it is who created you from dust, then from a drop (of seed), then from a clot, then bringeth you forth as a child, then (ordaineth) that ye attain full strength and after that ye become old men, though some among you die before, and that ye reach an appointed term, that haply ye may understand. He it is who quickeneth and  giveth death, when He ordaineth a thing, He sayeth unto it only, Be! And it is. Hast thou not seen who wrangle concerning the revelations of Allah, How they are turned away? Those who deny the scripture and that wherewith we send our messengers. But they will come to know”.

                                                (40×67-70)

(i)       “Go through the earth, and see how He originally produceth creatures; afterwards will God, reproduce another production; for God is Al-Mighty”.

                                      (29 x20)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We do not know when one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life”.

QURAN:-

          “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord neither erreth nor forgetteth”.

                                      (20×52)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We do not know why one of these cooling fragments gave birth to life”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “God hath not created this but with truth. He explaineth His signs unto people who understand”.

                                                (10×5)

(b)      “Hath created death and life, that He might prove you, which of you is most righteous in (His) actions: and He is mighty and ready to forgive”.

                                                (67×2)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Life started in simple organisms whose vital capacities consisted of little beyond reproduction and death”.

QURAN:-

          “He (Allah) bringeth forth the living out of the dead, and He bringeth forth the dead out of the living, and He quickeneth the earth after it hath been dead, and in the like manner shall ye be brought forth from your graves”.

                                                (Quran 30x 19)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “From these humble beginnings”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “We formerly created man of a finer sort of clay”.

                                                (23×12-14)

(b)      “We created man of dried clay, of black mud, formed into shape”.

                                                (15×26-31)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “From these humble beginnings emerged a stream of life which, advancing through ever greater and greater complexity”.

QURAN:-

          “We formerly created man of a finer sort of clay; afterwards we placed him (in the form of) seed in a sure receptacle; afterwards we made the seed coagulated blood; and we formed the flesh. Then we formed the piece of flesh into bones, and we clothed these bones with flesh, and then produced it as another creation”.

                                      (23×12-14)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “From these humble beginnings emerged a stream of life which, advancing through ever greater and greater complexity has culminated into beings”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Then He fashioned him (man) and breathed into Him of His sprit, and appointed for you hearing and sight, and heart”.

                                                (32×7-9)

(b)      “And then produced it as another creation”.

                                                (23×12-14)

PHILOSOPHER:-

 (11)   “From these, humble beginnings emerged a stream of life, which advancing through ever greater and greater complexity has culminated into beings whose lives are largely centred in their emotions, and ambitions, their aesthetic appreciations, and the religions in which their highest hopes and noblest aspirations lie enshrined”.

PHILOSOPHER:-

(12)    “Emotions”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Man is made of haste”.

                                      (21×37)

(b)      “Man is more than anything contentious”.

                                      (18×54)

(c)      “When harm toucheth man they cry unto their Lord, turning to Him in repentance, then, when they have tasted.  His mercy, behold some of them attribute partners to their Lord”.

                                      (30×33)

(d)      ‘Surely man is unjust (and) ungrateful”.

                                      (14×34)

(e)      “And when we cause mankind to taste Mercy they rejoice therein, but if an evil thing befall them as the consequence of their own deeds: Lo! They are in despair”.

                                      (30×36)

(f)    “And We cause him to taste grace after some misfortune had befallen him. He saith; The ills have gone from me. Lo! He is exultant, boastful”.

                                      (11×10)

(g)      “If We cause man to taste some mercy from us, and afterwards withdraw it from him, Lo! He is despairing thankless”.

                                      (11×9)

(h)     “Verily We have created  man in misery”.

                                      (90×4)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(13)    “Ambitions”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Beautified for mankind is love of the joys (that come) from women and offspring, and stored up heaps of gold and silver, and horses branded (with their mark), and cattle and land. That is comfort of the life of the world. Allah, with Him is a more excellent abode”.

                                      (3×14)

(b)      “Verily we have created man of a most excellent fabric, afterwards We rendered him the vilest of the vile; except those who believe and work righteousness, for they shall receive an endless reward.

                                      (95×4-6)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(14)    “Aesthetic appreciations”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Hath made all things good which He created”.

                                      (32×7-9)

(b)      “And appointed for you hearing and sight, and hearts”.

                                      (32×7-9)

(c)      “Hath formed you and made your forms beautiful, and feedeth you with good things”.

                                      (40×64)

(d)      “Created you, then fashioned you, then told the angels; Fall ye prostrate before Adam! And they fell prostrate all save Iblis, who was not of those who make prostration”.                                         (7×11)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(15)    “Religions in which their highest hopes and noblest aspirations lie enshrined”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Lo in the creation of the heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens (of His Sovereignty) for men of understanding, such as remember Allah sitting and reclining, and consider the creation of the heavens and the earth (and say) Our Lord! Thou createdst this not in vain. Glory be to thee, preserve us from the fire. Our Lord whom thou causest to enter the fire; him indeed thou hath confounded. For evil-doers there will be no helpers. Our Lord Lo! We have heard a crier calling unto faith, “Believe ye in your Lord”, So we believed, our Lord therefore forgive us our sins, and remit from us our evil deeds, and make us die the death of the righteous”.

                                      (3×190-194)

(b)      “Their cry was only that they said, our Lord forgive us for our sins and wasted efforts, make our foot-hold sure, and give us victory over disbelieving folk”.

                                      (3×147)

(c)      “Lo! My worship and my sacrifice and my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds”.

                                      (6×162)

(d) “It will not be in accordance with your desires nor the desires of the people of the scripture. He who doeth wrong will have the recompense thereof, and will not find against Allah any protecting friend or helper, and whoso doeth good works, whether of male or female, and he or she is a believer, such will enter paradise and they will not be wronged the dint in a date-stone”.

                                      (4×123-125)

SECTION (ii) (e)

          “Although we cannot speak with any certainty, it seems most likely that humanity came into existence in some such way as this. Standing on our microscopic fragment of a grain of sand, we attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe which surrounds our home in space, and time. Our first impression is something akin to terror. We find the universe terrifying because of its fast meaningless distances, terrifying because of its inconceivably long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye,  terrifying because of our extreme loneliness, and because of the material insignificance of our home in space — a millionth part of a grain of sand out of all the sea-sand in the world. But above all else we find the universe terrifying, because it appears to be indifferent to life like our own; emotion, ambition and achievement, art and religion all seem equally foreign to its plan. Perhaps indeed we ought to say it appears to be actually hostile to life like our own. For the most part, empty space is so cold that all life in it would be frozen, most of the matter in space is so hot as to make life on it impossible, space is traversed, and astronomical bodies continually bombarded by radiation of a variety of kinds, much of which is inimical to, or even destructive of life”.

                   (The Mysterious Universe page 2-3)

          The discoveries of the great vastness and vacuity of space and the comparative smallness of earth have inspired a feeling something akin to terror in the mind of the philosopher, instead of inspiring a sense of the glory of the creator. The universe has appeared to him not only indifferent to life but even hostile to it. This concept is the result of his belief that this universe could not have been created for life. This is a view which negates the religious doctrine of trial of man on earth, and consequently the purpose of man’s existence therein. The Quran will be seen to allay his fears and expound the doctrine of trial.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “Although we cannot speak with any certainty, it seems most likely that humanity came into existence in some such way as this. Standing on our microscopic fragment of a grain of sand, we attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe which surrounds our home in space, and time. Our first impression is something akin to terror. We find the universe terrifying because of its fast meaningless distances, terrifying because of its conceivable long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye, terrifying because of our extreme loneliness, and because of the material insignificance of our home in space — a millionth part of a grain of sand out of all the sea-sand in the world. But above all else we find the universe terrifying, because it appears to be indifferent to life like our own; emotion, ambition and achievement, art and religion all seem equally foreign to its plan. Perhaps indeed we ought to say it appears to be actually hostile to life like our own. For the most part, empty space is so cold that all life in it would be frozen, most of the matter in space is so hot as to make life on it impossible, space is traversed, and astronomical bodies continually bombarded by radiation of a variety of kinds, much of which is inimical to, or even destructive of life”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 2-3)

PHILOSOPHER”-

d        “Although we cannot speak, with any certainty, it seems most likely that humanity came into existence in some such way as this”.

QURAN:-

          (a)      “They have no knowledge thereof. They follow but a guess, and Lo! a guess can never take the place of the truth. Then withdraw from him who fleeth from our remembrance and desireth but the life of the world. Such is their sum of knowledge. Lo! Thy Lord is best aware of him who strayeth, and He is best aware of him who goeth right”.

                                      (53×28-30)

          (b)      “Proofs have come unto you from your Lord, so whoso seeth, it is for his own good, and whoso is blind is to him own hurt”.

                                      (6-104)

          (c)      “Bring your proof, if ye be truthful”.

                                       (2×111)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Standing on our microscopic fragment of a grain of sand (that is this earth)”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Was not Allah’s earth spacious”.

                                      (4×97)

(b)      “The earth, vast as it is, was straitened for them”.                                                (9×118)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(3)      “We attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Verily in the heavens we have set mansions of the stars, and we have beautified it for beholders”.

                                                (15×16)

(b)      “Lo! In the heavens and the earth are portents for believers”.

                                                (45×3)

(c)      “And for those who strive for us, we surely guide them to our paths”.

                                                (29×69)

(d)      “Thus We did show Abraham the kingdom of the heavens and the earth that he might be of those possessing certainty, when the night grew dark upon him he beheld a star. He said: This is my Lord. But when it set. He said: I love not things that set. And when he saw the moon uprising, he exclaimed: This is my Lord. But when it set, he said “Unless my Lord guide me, I surely shall become one of the flock who are astray. And when he saw the sun uprising, he cried: This is my Lord. This is greater! And when it set he exclaimed: O, My people! Lo! I am free from all that ye associate (with Him).Lo! I have turned my face toward Him who created the heavens and the earth, as one by nature upright, and I am not of the idolaters”.

                                      (6×75-79)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe, which surrounds our home in space and time”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Behold, what is in the heavens and the earth, but revelations and warnings avail not folk who will not believe”.

                                      (10×10)

(b)      “We confound their hearts and their eyes. As they believed not therein at the first, we let them wander blindly on in their contumacy”.

                                      (6×110)

(c)      “And even if we opened unto them a gate of heaven and they kept mounting through it. They would say: Our sight is wrong—nay, but we are folk bewitched”.

                                      (15×14-15)

(d)      “Deem not that Allah is unaware of what the wicked do. He but giveth them a respite till a day when eyes will stare (in terror) as they come hurrying on in fear. Their heads upraised, their gaze returning not to them, and their hearts as air8”.

                                      (14×42-43)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Nature of the Universe”.

QURAN:-

“Praise be unto God who, hath created the heavens and the earth, and hath ordained the darkness and the light”.

                                      (6×1)

6        “Purpose of the universe”.

QURAN:-

(a)    “God hath created the heavens and the earth in truth, that He may recompense every soul according to that which it shall have wrought, and they shall not be treated unjustly”.         (45×22)

  • “It is God who hath raised the heavens without visible pillars; (and) then ascended

———————————–­­­­­——————————-

  1. The effect of the news of the atomic war would not be different on the people. And that moment may come any moment.

————————————————————————————–His throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to perform their services. Every (of the heavenly bodies) runneth as appointed course. He ordereth (all) things.  He showeth (His) signs distinctly, That ye may be assured ye must meet your Lord (at the last day)”.

                                      (13×2)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe, which surrounds our home in space and time. Our first impression is something akin to terror”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “What fear ye them? Now Allah hath more right that ye should fear Him, if ye be believers”.

                                                (9×13)

(b)     “Verily true believers (are) those whose hearts fear when God is mentioned, and whose faith increaseth when His signs are rehearsed unto them, and (who) trust in their Lord”.

                                                (8×2)

(c)      “Revelation from Him who created the earth and the high heavens”.

                                                (20×4)

(d)      “The exalter of ranks, and Lord of the thrones”.

                                                (40×15)

(e)      “Lord of the seven heavens; and Lord of the tremendous throne”.

                                                (23×86)

(f)       “Unto Him (alone) belongeth majesty in the heavens and the earth and He is the mighty, the Wise”.

                                                (45×37)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(8)      “We find the universe terrifying because of its vast meaningless distances”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “That is the measuring of the Mighty, the Wise”.

                                      (36×38)

(b)      “They esteem not Allah as He hath the right to be esteemed, when the whole earth is His handful on the day of resurrection, and heavens are rolled in His right hand. Glorified is He and High exalted from all that they ascribe as partners unto Him”.

                                                (39×67)

(c)      “Surely I am nigh. I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he crieth unto me”.

                                                (2×186)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We find the universe terrifying because of its inconceivably long vistas of time, which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Lo! We have created everything by measure. And our commandment is but one (commandment) as the twinkling of an eye”.

                                                (54×49-50)

(b)      “And the matter of Hour (of doom) is but as a twinkling of the eye, or it is nearer still. Lo! Allah is able to do all things”.

                                                (16×77)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “We find the universe terrifying because of our extreme loneliness”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “God is with you wheresoever you may be”.

“He (God) it is who created the heavens and the earth in six days; then He mounted the throne. He knoweth all that entereth the earth and all that emergeth there from, and all that cometh down from the sky and all that ascendeth therein; and He is with you wheresoever ye may be”.

                                                (57×4)

(b)      “We are nearer to him (man) than his jugular vein”.

          “We created man and we know what his soul wispereth to him, and We are nearer to him, than his jugular vein”.

                                                (50×16)

(c)      “We are your protecting friends in the life of the world and in the hereafter”.

                                                (41×31)

(d)      “There is no secret conference of three but He (God) is their fourth, nor of five but He is their sixth, nor of less than that or more but he is with them wheresoever they may be; and afterwards on the day of resurrection He will inform them of what they did. Lo! Allah is knower of all things”.

                                                (58×7)

(e)      “Lo! There are above you Guardians, generous and recording, who know all that you do”.

                                                (82×10-12)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(11)    “We find the universe terrifying because of the material insignificance of our home in space—— a millionth part of a grain of sand out of all the sea-sand in the world”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Know that this present life (is) only a toy and a vain amusement and (worldly) pomp, and the affectation of Glory among you, and the multiplying of riches and children (are) as the plants nourished by the rain, the springing up thereof delighteth the husbandman, afterwards they wither, so that thou seest the same turn yellow, and at length they become dry subtle. And in the life to come there (will be) a severe punishment (for those who covet-worldly grandeur) ; and pardon from God, and honour (for those who renounce it), for this present life (is) no other than a deceitful provision. Hasten with emulation to (obtain) pardon from your Lord and paradise the extent whereof euqalleth the extent of heaven and earth, prepared for those who believe in God and His apostles. This (is) the bounty of God; He will give the same unto whom He pleaseth, and God is endued with great bounty”.

                                                (57×20-21)

(b)      “When they (disbelievers) shall be cast bound together (on the Day of Judgment) into a strait place thereof, they shall there cry for death: (But it shall be answered them) call not this day for one death, but call for many deaths. Say: Is this better, or a garden of eternal duration, which is promised unto the pious? It will be their reward and journey’s end”.

                                                (25×11-15)

(c)      “The day when We shall roll up the heavens as a recorder rolleth up a written scroll. As we began the first creation, We shall repeat it (it is) a promise (binding) on us. Lo! we are to perform it”.

                                                (21x 104)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(12)    “But above all else we find the universe terrifying because it appears to be indifferent to life like our own. Emotion, ambition and achievement, art and religion all seem equally foreign to its plan”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “See ye not how Allah hath made serviceable unto you whatever is in the skies and whatever is in the earth and hath loaded you with His favours both without and within. Yet of mankind is he who disputeth concerning Allah, without knowledge or guidance or a scripture giving light”.

                                      (31×20)

(b)      “Allah is He who appointed for you earth for a dwelling place and the sky for a canopy. And who hath formed you and made your forms beautiful, and feedeth you with good  things. This (is) God your lord, wherefore blessed be God, the Lord of all creatures. He (is) the living (God), (There is) no God but He”.

                                      (40×64-65)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(13)    “Perhaps indeed we ought to say it (the universe) appears to be actively hostile to life like our own”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “We will surely prove you (by afflicting you) in some measure with fear, and hunger, and decrease of wealth, and (loss) of lives and (scarcity) of fruits: but bear good tidings unto the patient, who when a misfortune befalleth them, say, we are God’s and unto Him shall we surely return. Upon them shall be blessings from their Lord and mercy, and they are the rightly directed”.

                                                (2×155-157)

(b)      “There will be for you on earth a habitation and provision for a while”.

                                                (7×24)

(c)      “Allah hath promised such of you as believe and do good works, that He will cause them to succeed (the unbelievers in the earth, as He caused those who were before you to succeed the infidels of their times); and that He will establish for them their religion which pleaseth them, and will change their fear into scrutiny:.

                                                (24×55)

(d)      “And we have appointed hell a dungeon for disbelievers”.

                                                (17×8).

PHILOSOPHER:-

(14)    “For the most part empty space is so cold that all life in it would be frozen”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Have ye observed the fire which ye strike out. Was it ye who made the tree thereof to grow, or were we the grower? We, even We, appointed its memorial and comfort for the dwellers in the wilderness”.

                                                (56×71-73)

(b)      “And the cattle hath He created whence you have warm clothing”.

                                                (16×5)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(15)    “Most of the matter in space is so hot as to make life on it impossible”.

QURAN:-

          “Allah hath given you of that which He hath created, shelter from the sun; and hath given you places of refuge in the mountains, and hath given you coats to warn off the heat from you, and coats (of  amour) to save you from your own fool hardiness. Thus doth He perfect His favour unto you, in order that ye may surrender (unto Him).

                                                (16×81)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(16)    “Space is traversed”

QURAN:-

(a)      “We made the heaven a roof well supported”.

                                      (21×32)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(17)    “And astronomical bodies continually bombarded, by radiation of a variety of kinds, much of which is probably inimical to, or even destructive of life”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Who guardeth you in the night or in the day from the beneficent? Nay but they turn away from the mention of their Lord”.

                                                (21×42).

(b)      “He is Omnipotent over His servants. He sendeth guardians over you, until, when death cometh unto one of you, our messengers receive him, and they neglect not”.

                                                (6×61)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(18)    “Astronomical bodies are continually bombarded by radiation of a variety of kinds, much of which is probably inimical to, or even destructive of life”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “When Our commandment came, we turned those (cities) upside down, and we raised upon them stones of baked clay, one following another and marked from thy Lord”.

                                                (11×83)

(b)      “And terrible was the shower (which fell) on those who had been warned in vain”.

                                                (26×173)

(c)      “And the Jinn (who had listened to the discourse of the Quran) said: We formerly attempted (to pry into what was transacting in) heaven; but we found the same filled with a strong guard (of angels), and with flaming darts; and we sat on (some of the) seats thereof to hear (the discourse of its inhabitants); but whoever listeneth now findeth a flame laid in ambush for him (to guard the celestial confines)”.

                                                (72×8-9)

SECTION (ii) (f)

          “Into such a universe we have stumbled, if not exactly by mistake, at least as a result of what may properly be described as an accident. The use of such a word need not imply any surprise that our earth exists, for accidents will happen, and if the universe goes on for long enough every conceivable accident is likely to happen in time. It was, I think, Huxley who said that six monkeys set to strum unintelligently on typewriters for millions of millions of years, would be bound in time to write all the books in British Museum. If we examined the last page which a particular monkey had typed and found that it had chanced in its blind strumming, to type a Shakespeare Sonnet, we should rightly regard the occurrence as a remarkable accident, but if we looked through all the millions of pages which the monkeys had turned off in untold millions of years, we might be sure of finding a Shakespeare Sonnet somewhere amongst them, the product of blind play of chance. In the same way, millions of millions of stars wandering blindly through space for millions of millions of years are bound to meet with that special kind of accident which calls planetary system into being. Yet calculation shows that the number of these can at most be very small in comparison with the total number of stars in the sky; planetary systems must be exceedingly rare objects in space”.

           (The Mysterious Universe page 3-4)

          This is evidently the attempt firstly to prove the accidental nature of earth’s creation, and secondly to prove the rarity of the planetary systems in which life is possible. As far as the first is concerned, the science could not be so much as mentioned, while in the second the science could merely be alluded to. But the basic intent and trend should be our consideration. Both these points are raised to falsify the relative religious doctrines regarding these points. View the answers regarding these points. View the answers of the Quran in essential reference to these facts.

PHILOSOPHER:-

          “Into such a universe we have stumbled, if not exactly by mistake, at least as a result of what may properly be described as an accident. The use of such a word need not imply any surprise that our earth exists, for accident will happen, and if the universe goes on for long enough every conceivable accident is likely to happen in time. It was, I think, Huxley who said that six monkeys set to strum unintelligently on typewriters for millions of millions of years, would be bound in time to write all the books in British Museum. If we examined the last page which a particular monkey had typed and found that it had chanced in its blind strumming, to type a Shakespeare Sonnet, we should rightly regard the occurrence as a remarkable accident, but if we looked through all the millions of pages which the monkeys had turned off in untold millions of years, we might be sure of finding a Shakespeare Sonnet somewhere amongst them, the product of blind play of chance. In the same way, millions of millions of stars wandering blindly through space for millions of millions of years are bound to meet with that special kind of accident which calls planetary system into being. Yet calculation shows that the number of these can at most be very small in comparison with the total number of stars in the sky; planetary systems must be exceedingly rare objects in space”.

                   (The Mysterious universe page 3-4)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Into such a universe we have stumbled if not exactly by mistake”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Avert death from yourselves, if ye are truthful”.

                                      (3×168)

(b)      “Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth and the mountains, but they shrank from bearing it and were afraid of it. And man assumed it. Lo! He hath proved a tyrant and a fool”.

                                      (33×72)

(c)      “Thy Lord bringeth to pass what He willeth and chooseth. They have never any choice. Glorified be Allah and exalted above all that they associate (with Him)”.

                                      (28×68)

(d)      “It is He who formeth you in the wombs as He pleaseth”.

                                                (3×6)

(e)      “I made them not to witness the creation of heavens and the earth, nor their own creation, nor choose I misleaders for My helpers”.

                                      (18x 51)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Into such a universe we have stumbled if not exactly by mistake, at least as the result of what may properly be described as an accident”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Allah affaceth what He will, and establisheth (what He will),  and with Him is the source of ordinance”.

                                                (13×39)

(b)      “Verily Allah sustaineth the heavens and the earth, lest they fail, and if they should fail, none could support the same besides, Him”.

                                                (35×41)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “Blind play of chance”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Not a leaf falleth but He knoweth it, not a grain amid the darkness or the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted, in a clear record)”.

                                                (6×59)

(b)      “Thy Lord taketh note of all things”.

                                                (34×21)

(c)      “Allah ever surroundeth all things”.

                                                (4×126)

(d)      “And thy Lord was never forgetful”.

                                                (19×64)

(e)      “And we are never unmindful of our creation”.

                                                (23×17)

(f)       “He (Allah) ordereth the course”.

                                                (13×2)

PHILOSOPHER:-

d        “If the universe goes on for long enough”.

QURAN:-

(a)     “The knowledge thereof (is) with God alone; and He will not inform thee, peradventure the hour is nigh (at hand)”.

                                                (33×63)

(b)      “God hath not created the heaven and the earth, and whatever (is) between them, otherwise than in truth, and hath set them a determined period”.

                                                (30×8)

(c)      “Allah hath set a measure for all things”.

                                                (65×3)

PHILOSOPHER:-

(5)      “The strumming monkeys”.

QURAN:-

(a)      “Lo! the worst of beasts in Allah’s sight are the ungrateful who will not believe”.

                                                (8 x55)

(b)      “Lo! The worst of beasts in Allah’s sight are the deaf, the dumb who have no sense”.

                                                (8×22)

(c)      “Many of the genii and mankind, having hearts wherewith they understand not and having eyes wherewith they see not, and having ears wherewith they hear not. These are as the cattle nay, but they are worse! These are the neglectful”.

                                                (7×179)

(d)      “Indeed it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts, which are within the bosoms”.

                                                (22×46)

Section (ii) (g)

          “This rarity of planetary systems is important, because so far as we can see, life of the kind we know it needs suitable physical conditions for its appearance, the most important of which is a temperature at which substances can exist in the liquid state”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 4)

          This rarity of the planetary systems is important to the philosopher solely because it is in line with his view of the comparative insignificance of earth and subsequently the life on it. The fact, however, that life could exist only on the planets like earth due to the conditional suitability of such a planet for the appearance of life, no doubt efforts a great set-back to the views of the philosopher. The Quran may be seen to confirm the point of suitable physical conditions in reference to this earth. Yet the point here is that religion assigns exception significance to the life on earth and assigns a central place to earth as the object of special interest of the creator of the universe whatever be the place or position of the earth materially and comparatively in the universe. The modern scientist from the beginning has shown an endeavour to falsify this point and-prove this earth and life on n it as worthless and undeserving of the honured place that is assigned to it by the religion. He looks at the earth in comparison to the universe materially only, whereas religion materially only, whereas religion looks at this life in comparison to the next life spiritually and depreciates it comparatively

PHILO:-

“This rarity of planetary systems is important, because so far as we can see, life of the kind we know it needs suitable physical conditions for its appearance, the most important of which is a temperature at which substances can exist in the liquid state”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 4)

PHILO:-

(1)      “Life of the kind we know could only originate on the planets like earth”.

QURAN

(a)      “By the earth which splitteth (with the growth of trees and planets”.

          (86 x12).

(b)      “And the earth hath He prepared for living creatures, therein (are various) fruits and palm trees bearing sheaths of flowers; and grain having chaff and leaves”.        (Quran 55×10-12)

(c)      “Have not those disbelievers known that the heaven and the earth were of one piece, then We parted them, and we made every living thing of water”. (Quran 21×30)

PHILO:-

(2)      “Life of the kind we know on earth could only originate on planets like earth. It needs suitable physical conditions for its appearance”.

QURAN

“Have we not made the earth for a bed, and the mountains for stakes. And have we not created you of two sexes and appointed your sleep for rest, and the night a garment (to cover you); and destined the day to the gaining (your) livelihood, and built over you seven solid (heavens); and placed (therein) a burning lamp? And do we not send down from the (clouds) pressing forth rain, water pouring down in abundance, that we may thereby produce corn, and herbs, and gardens planted thick (with trees)? Verily the day of separation is a fixed period, the day wherein the trumpet shall sound, and ye shall come in troops( to judgment); and the heaven shall be opened, and shall be (full of gates, and the mount as shall pass away, and become as a vapour; verily hell shall be a place of ambush, a receptacle for the transgressors who shall remain therein for ages, they shall not taste any refreshment therein, or any drink, except boiling water, and filthy corruption; a if recompense (for their deeds); For they hoped that they should not be brought to an account, and they disbelieved our signs, accusing them o falsehood. But everything have we competed, and written down. Taste therefore: We will not add unto you (any other) than torment. But for the pious (is prepared) a place of bliss: Gardens planted with trees, and vine yards”.

          (78×6-36)

PHILO”-

(3)      “The most important of these physical conditions is a temperature at which substances can exist in the liquid state”.

QURAN

(a)      ” Have appointed a dazzling lamp (sun)”. (78×13)

(b)      “And We made every living thing of water”.

          (21×30)

(c)      “Allah hath created every animal of water. Of them is (a kind) that goeth upon its belly, and a (kind) that goeth upon its belly, and (a kind) that goeth upon its legs, and (a kind) that goeth upon four. Allah createth what at He will. Lo! Allah is able to do all things”. (24×45)

(d)      “Who hath made all things good which He hath created, and he began the creation of man from clay, then He made hissed from an extract of despicable water, and then formed him( into proper shape), and breathed of His spirit into him , and hath given you (the senses of ) Hearing and seeing, and hearts to understand. How small thanks ye return”.

          (32×7-9)

(e)      “He it is who sendeth down water from the sky, and therewith We bring forth buds of every kind; We bring forth the green blade from which We bring forth the thick-clustered grain, and from the date-palm, from the pollen thereof, spring pendant branches; and (we bring forth) gardens of grapes, and the olive and the pomegranate, alike and unlike, look upon the fruit thereof, when they bear fruit, and upon its reaping. Lo! Herein verily are portents for a people who believe”. (6×99)

SECTION (ii) (h)

PHILO

“The stars themselves are disqualified by being too hot. We may think of them as a vast collection of fires scattered throughout space, providing warmth in a climate which is at most some four degrees above absolute zero— about 484 degrees of frost on our Fahrenheit scale — and is, even lower in the vast stretches of space which lie out beyond the Milky Way. Away from the fires there is this unimaginable cold of hundreds of degrees of frost; close up to them there is at temperature of thousands of degrees, at which all solids melt, all liquid boil.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4)

          This obviously is an attempt in line with the philosopher’s view of the material insignificance of life, to prove the error of the relative religious doctrines. Read the answers of the Quran keeping in mind as usual the actual intent of the philosopher beneath his apparent argument.

          The stars themselves are disqualified by being too hot. We may think of them as a vast collection of fires scattered throughout space, providing warmth in a climate which is at most some four degrees above absolute zero— about 484 degrees of frost on our Fahrenheit scale — and is, even lower in the vast stretches of space which lie out beyond the Milky Way. Away from the fires there is this unimaginable cold of hundreds of degrees of frost; close up to them there is at temperature of thousands of degrees, at which all solids melt, all liquid boil.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4)

QURAN

(a)      “Allah is He who hath set for you the stars that ye may guide your course by them amidst the darkness of the land and the sea. We have detailed our revelations for a people who have knowledge”.

(Quran 6×97)

(b)      “We have adorned the lower heaven with the ornament of the stars”.

(37×6)

PHILO:-

          “Away from the fires there is this unimaginable cold of hundreds of degrees of frost; close up to them there is at temperature of thousands of degrees, at which all solids melt, all liquid boil.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4)

QURAN:-

          “Reclining therein (in the Paradise) upon couches, they (the righteous) will find there neither (heart of) a sun nor bitter cold”.

(Quran 76×13)

SECTION (ii) (i)

          Life can only exist inside a narrow temperate zone which surrounds each of these fires at a very definite distance. Outside these zones life would be frozen; inside, it would be shriveled up. At a rough computation, these zones within which life is possible, all added together, constitute less than a thousand million millionth part of the whole of space. And even inside them, life must be of very rare occurrence for it is so unusual an accident for suns to throw off planets as our won sun has done. That probably only about one star in 100,000 has a planet revolving round it in the small zone in which life is possible.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4-5)

That is the continuance of the argument regarding the comparative material insignificance of earth and life. Judge therefore that a one, trend ad the nature of the answer of the Quran keeping in mind the actual internal intent of the philosopher, which actually is the falsification of the religious doctrines of plan, design, divine government, trial, purpose and resurrection.

PHILO:

“Life can only exist inside a narrow temperate zone which surrounds each of these fires at a very definite distance. Outside these zones life would be frozen; inside, it would be shriveled up. At a rough computation, these zones within which life is possible, all added together, constitute less than a thousand million millionth part of the whole of space. And even inside them, life must be of very rare occurrence for it is so unusual an accident for suns to throw off planets as our won sun has done. That probably only about one star in 100,000 has a planet revolving round it in the small zone in which life is possible”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4-5)

PHILO:-

(1)      “Life can only exist inside a narrow temperate zone which surrounds each of these fires at a very definite distance. Outside these zones life would be frozen, inside it would be shriveled up”.

QURAN

(a)      “The disposition of the Mighty, the Wise God”.

(36×38)

(b)      ” He propondeth unto us a comparison and has forgotten the fact of his creation”.

(36×78)

PHILO:-

(2)      “At a rough computation, these zones within which life is possible, all added together, constitute less than a thousand million millionth part of the whole of space”.

QURAN

(a)      “Allah encomapaseth them (by His knowledge and power), and numbereth them with (an exact) computation”.

(19×94)

(b)      “He is the most quick in taking on account”.

(6×62)

PHILO

(3)      And even inside them, life must be of very rare occurrence for it is so unusual an accident for suns to throw off planets as our won sun has done. That probably only about one star in 100,000 has a planet revolving round it in the small zone in which life is possible”.

QURAN

“And He (Allah) creathe that which ye know not”.

(16×8)

SECTION (ii) (j)

PHILO

“Just for this reason it seems incredible that the universe, can have been designed primarily to produce life like our won; had been so surely we might have expected to find a better proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism and the amount of the product. At first glance at least, life seems to be an utterly unimportant by – product; we living things are somehow off the main line.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4-5)

And now at last the philosopher is out with his intent. The argument which he so long sustained with such cleverness at last culminates in the improbability of this universe having been created for life because of apparent, material lack of proportion between the mechanism and the product. But read and wonder to see with what appropriateness the Quran deals with him.

PHILO

“Just for this reason it seems incredible that the universe, can have been designed primarily to produce life like our won; had been so surely we might have expected to find a better proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism and the amount of the product. At first glance at least, life seems to be an utterly unimportant by – product; we living things are somehow off the main line.

(The Mysterious Universe page 4-5)

PHILO

(1)      “”Just for this reason it seems incredible that the universe, can have been designed primarily to produce life like our won; had been so surely we might have expected to find a better proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism and the amount of the product.

QURAN

(a)      “Thou canst not see in the creation of the most Merciful any unfitness or disproportion”.

(67×3)

(b)      “Lord of seven heavens, and the Lord of the magnificent thrones”.

(23×86)

(c)      “Hath created everything and hath meted out for it a measure”.

(54×49)

(d)      “Have created everything by measure”.

(54×49).

(e)      “Hath appointed the balance”.

(55-7)

(f)       “Hasten with emulation and to (obtain) pardon form your Lord, and paradise, the extent whereof equalleth the extent of heaven and earth (Universe)”.

(57×21)

PHILO

(2)      “It seems incredible that the universe can have been designed to produce life like our own”.

QURAN

“Is not He who hath created the heavens and the earth, able to create creatures like unto them? Yes, certainly: for He is the all-wise creator”.

(36×81)

PHILO

(3)      “At first glance at least, life seems to be an utterly unimportant by-products”.

          “At first glance at least”

QURAN

(a)      “Repeat the gaze; seest thou a single flaw? Then twice more repeat the gaze; Thy gaze shall return to thee dulled and weary”.

(67×3-4)

(b)      “Thou canst see no flaw in the beneficent one’s creation”.

(67-3)

(c)      “Blessed be He in whose hand is the kingdom! and over all things is He potent” who hath created death and life to prove which of you will be most righteous in deed; and He is the mighty, the forgiving! Who hath created seven heavens one above the other; no defect canst thou see in the creation of the God of Mercy: Repeat the gaze: Seest thou a single flaw? Then twice more repeat the gaze: Thy gaze shall return to thee dulled and weary. Moreover we have decked the lowest heaven with lights, and have placed them (there) to be hurled at the satans, for whom We have prepared the torment of the flaming fire. And for those who believe not in their Lord is the torment of Hell; and horried the journey thither. When they shall be thrown into it, they shall hear it braying: And it shall boil—almost it shall burst for fury. So oft as a crowd shall be thrown into it. Its keepers shall ask them, “Came not the warners to you? They shall say, yea! There came to us one charged with warning: but we treated him as a liar, and said” Nothing hath God sent down” Ye are in nothing but a vast-delusion”. And they shall say, “Had we but hearkened and understood, we had not been among the dwellers of the flames; and their sin shall they acknowledge; but “Avaunt, ye dwellers in the flames. But pardon and a great reward for those who fear their Lord in secret! Be your converse hidden or open. He truly knoweth the inmost recess of your breasts! What! Shall He not know who hath created? For He is the subtle, the cognizant. It is He who hath made the earth level for you: Traverse then its broad sides, and eat of what He hath provided—unto Him shall be the resurrection. What! are ye sure that He who is in heaven will not cleave the earth beneath you? And lo! It shall quake.  Or are ye sure that He who is in the heaven will not send against you a stone-charged whirlwind? Then shall ye know what my warning (meant) 9.

(67×1-17)

—————————————————————-

(9)      This passage like most passages of the Quran is very meaningful for this age of the braying hell of machines, bombs, atomic bombs and hell bombs, that almost burst for fury. This modern science-guided knowledge had rendered the understanding of divine warnings extremely difficult in a mankind being helplessly dragged toward the braying atomic Hell,  and inexorable indeed are the laws, and invite able the consequences. Atom through atomism to atomic hell. Or atomism through atom to atomic hell; What-ever be the case, what-result is clear.

PHILO

(4)      “Life seems to be utterly unimportant “.

QURAN

(a)      “And thou wilt find them greediest of mankind for life and (greedier) than the idolaters. (Each) one of them would like to live a thousand years. And to live (a thousand years), would by no means remove him form the doom. Allah is seer of what ye do”.

(2×96)

(b)      “Know that this present life (is) only a toy and a vain amusement”.

(57×20)

(c)      “But the future mansion (of paradise) is life indeed; if they knew”.

(29×64)

(d)      “By thy life they wander blindly in the frenzy of approaching death”.

(15×72)

PHILO

(5)      “We living things are somehow off the main line”.

QURAN

(a)      “Lo! This Quran guideth unto that which is straightest”.

(17×9)

(b)      “Behold what is in the heavens and the earth! But revelations and warnings avail not folk who will not believe”.

(10×101)

(c)      “When he becometh acquainted with aught of our signs he makes it jest. For such there is a shameful doom” (9-a)

           (45×9)

(d)      “Indeed it is not the eyes that grow blind, but it is the hearts, which are within the bosoms”.

(22×46)

————————————————————————

(9-a)   No doubt the way in which this philosopher has turned the scientific information about the works of God into ridicule is a remarkable example of its kind. A very painful doom, however, in the form of an atomic hell is now ready to punish them.

————————————————————————

SECTION (ii) (k)

We do not know whether suitable physical conditions are sufficient in themselves to produce life. One school of thought holds that as the earth gradually cooled, it was natural, and indeed almost inevitable, that life should come. Another holds that after one accident had brought the earth into being, a second was necessary to produce life. The material constituents of a living body are perfectly ordinary chemical atoms — carbon such as we find in soot or lamp-black; hydrogen and oxygen, such as we find in water; nitrogen, such as forms the greater part of the atmosphere; and so on. Every kind of atom necessary for life must have existed on the new-born earth. At intervals a group of atoms might happen to arrange themselves in the way in which they are arranged in the living cell—indeed, given sufficient time, they would be certain to do so, just as certain as the six monkeys would be certain, given sufficient time, to type off a Shakespeare sonnet. But would they then be a living cell? In other words, is a living cell merely a group of ordinary atoms arranged in some non-ordinary way, or is it something more? Is it merely atoms or is it atoms plus life? Or, to put it in another way, could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of the necessary atoms, as a boy can create a machine out of “Meccano” and then make it go? We do not know the answer, when it comes it will give us some indication whether other words in space are inhabited like ours, and so must have the greatest influence on or interpretation of the meaning of life — it may well reproduce a greater revolution of thought than Galileo’s Astronomy or Darwin’s Biology.

(The Mysterious Universe page 5-6)

The philosopher is fallen in doubt about the sufficiency of the suitable physical conditions for the appearance of life. Science is unable to give him the answer, for the process takes place beyond the view of science. Whether merely suitable physical conditions be sufficient to produce life or whether some other agency also has to take part in the process, religion attributes the fact to the command of God. But what is the internal motive of the philosopher is all this is the question. He only seeks a proof of the accidental nature of the appearance of life to negate the religious view on the point. And what sort of revolution will be set in if the discovery was made about life’s appearance as merely the result of the suitable physical conditions, and that no other (divine) agency was involved. To our philosopher it appears that such a discovery will veritably prove the falsify of religious doctrine of God’s hand in the appearance of life, and thus the idea of accidental birth of life will be ultimately proved. Read the answers of the Quran and mark the appropriateness. And also shudder at the wretchedness of a world steeped in the belief of accident birth of life, sans God, plan, design, faith, resurrection and all. That will be a world of wisdomized beasts exposed to shameless destruction.

PHILO

We do not know whether suitable physical conditions are sufficient in themselves to produce life. One school of thought holds that as the earth gradually cooled, it was natural, and indeed almost inevitable, that life should come. Another holds that after one accident had brought the earth into being, a second was necessary to produce life. The material constituents of a living body are perfectly ordinary chemical atoms — carbon such as we find in soot or lamp-black; hydrogen and oxygen, such as we find in water; nitrogen, such as forms the greater part of the atmosphere; and so on. Every kind of atom necessary for life must have existed on the new-born earth. At intervals a group of atoms might happen to arrange themselves in the way in which they are arranged in the living cell—indeed, given sufficient time, they would be certain to do so, just as certain as the six monkeys would be certain, given sufficient time, to type off a Shakespeare sonnet. But would they then be a living cell? In other words, is a living cell merely a group of ordinary atoms arranged in some non-ordinary way, or is it something more? Is it merely atoms or is it atoms plus life? Or, to put it in another way, could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of the necessary atoms, as a boy can create a machine out of “Meccano” and then make it go? We do not know the answer, when it comes it will give us some indication whether other words in space are inhabited like ours, and so must have the greatest influence on or interpretation of the meaning of life — it may well reproduce a greater revolution of thought than Galileo’s Astronomy or Darwin’s Biology.

(The Mysterious Universe page 5-6)

PHILO

          “We do not know whether suitable physical conditions are in themselves sufficient to produce life”.

QURAN

(a)      “Have they not seen how we had created for them of our handiwork the cattle, so that they are their owners”.

(36×71)

(b)      “Allah effaceth what He will, and establisheth (what He will), and with Him is the source of ordinance”.

(13×39)

(c)      “The sight comprehendeth Him not, but He comrpehdndeth the sight. He is subtle and wise”.

(6×103)

(d)      “Our Lord is He who gave unto every-thing its nature, then guided it aright”.

(20×50)

(e)      “He witholdeth the heaven that it fall not on the earth, unless by His permission”.

(22×65)

(f)       “When (the soul of a dying man) cometh up to (His) throat, and ye at the same time are looking on and We are nigher unto Him than ye, but ye see not (his true condition): would ye not; if ye are not t o be rewarded (for your actions hereafter) cause the same in return (into the body) if ye speak truth”.10

(56×87)

————————————————————————

(10)    This indeed is a more subtle challenge than the possibility of the appearance of life automatically in suitable physical conditions and correct arrangement of the atoms of the cells”.

—————————————————————-

PHILO

(2)      “One school of thought holds that as the earth gradually cooled, it was natural, and indeed almost inevitable that life should come”. (10-a)

—————————————————————

(10-a) Even if life appears by merely the correct arrangement of atoms, the will, plan, and the command resorts to the creator according to the Quran, for it is He who has formulated the entire system, and it is His constant will and power that sustains it.

—————————————————————

QURAN

(a)      ” Have you considered what you sow? Is it you that cause it to grow, or are We the causers of growth? If We pleased, We should have made it broken down into pieces, then would you being to lament: We are burnedened with debt: Nay: We are deprived. Have you considered the water you drink? Is it you that send it down from the clouds, or are we the senderes” If we pleased, we would have made it saltish, why do you not then give thanks? Have you considered the fire which you strike? Is it you that produce the trees for it, or are We the producers? We have made it a reminder and an advantage for the way-farers of the deserts.  So glorify the name of thy Lord, the Great”.

(56×63-74)

(b)      “(God) bringeth forth the living out of the dead, and He bringeth forth the dead out of living, and He quickeneth the earth after it hath been dead”.

(30×19)

(c)      “His verily is all creation and commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the worlds”.

(7×54)

(d)      “And not an atom’s weight in the earth or in the sky escapeth your Lord, nor what is less than that, but it is written in a clear book” (11)

(10×61)

————————————————————————

(11)    Whether God undertakes the job as a chemist as we see in laboratories or whether it is His present will and command that affects, or whether everything is going on according to his preordained and predesigned scheme, the fact is that His alone is the right to sovereignty and remembrance.

————————————————————————

(12)    The word accident is indeed objectionable when used in reference to the work of the Omniscient, Omnipotent and Omnipresent Creator. Accidents happen when either there is no control, or it is lost. It is does not apply to the master of the universe, nothing can happen either accidentally or without his knowledge in the natural phenomena. Accident in natural phenomenon is impossibility. The application of such words as accident or blind-chance to natural phenomena is a gross error Nothing therein happens without the will and command of the all-powerful and ever vigilant creator.

————————————————————————

PHILO

(3)      “Another (school of thought) holds that after one accident brought the earth into being, a second was necessary to produce life” (12).

QURAN

(a)      “Created the earth in two days”.

(41×9-13)

(b)      “Verily we created the heaven and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days, and naught of weariness touched us”.

(50×38)

(c)      “Naught of disaster befalleth in the earth, nor in your persons, but (the same was entered) in the book (of our decrees), before We created it”. (12-a)

           (57z22)

————————————————————————

(12-a) See how the possibility of the term accident —-as is generally understood—–is negated.

————————————————————————

(d)      “Do they not behold the birds above them, extending and drawing back their wing? None sustaineth them except the Merciful; for He regardeth all things”.

(67×19)

(e)      “He withholdeth the heaven that it fall not on the earth, unless by His permission”.

(22×65)

(f)       “They make not a due estimation of God”.

(39×67)

(g)      “His are the keys of heaven and earth”.

(39×63)

(h)     “There is nothing hidden in heaven or the earth but it is in clear record”.

(27×74-75)

PHILO

(4)      “Another school of thought holds that after one accident brought the earth into being, a second was necessary to produce life”.

QURAN

(a)      “The trumpet shall be sounded, and whoever are on the earth shall expire; except those whom God shall please (to exempt from the common fate). Afterwards it shall be sounded again; and behold, they shall arise and look (up).Ad the earth shall shine by the light of its Lord”. (13)

(39×68-69)

————————————————————————

(13)    A group of scientists thought two accidents necessary to produce life on earth. The Quran says in two days God created the earth.  The Quran further alludes to the trumpets sounding twice. At the first sounding all that is in heaven and earth shall expire. While at the second sounding they shall arise and look up

————————————————————————

(b)      ” Whatever matter ye disagree about, the decision thereof (appartaineth) unto God”.

(42×10)

PHILO

The material constituents of a living body are perfectly ordinary chemical atoms — carbon such as we find in soot or lamp-black; hydrogen and oxygen, such as we find in water; nitrogen, such as forms the greater part of the atmosphere; and so on.

QURAN

“Thereof We created you, and thereunto we return you. (That is from this earth).

920×55)

PHILO

(6)      “The material constituents of a living body are perfectly ordinary chemical atoms”.

QURAN

(a)       “God created you first of dust”.

(35×11)

(b)      “It is He who hath created you of clay, and then decreed the term (of your lives); and the prefixed term is with Him. Yet do ye doubt thereof”.

(6×22)

PHILO

(7)      “Every kind of atom necessary for life must have existed on the new born earth”.

QURAN

(a)      “Have we not made the earth a receptacle both for the living and the dead”.

(77×25-26)

(b)      “Created the earth in two days—– And measured therein its substances in four days, alike for (all) who ask, then turned he to the heavens, when it was smoke”.

(41×9-13)

PHILO

(8)      At intervals a group of atoms might happen to arrange themselves in the way in which they are arranged in the living cell—indeed, given sufficient time, they would be certain to do so, just as certain as the six monkeys would be certain, given sufficient time, to type off a Shakespeare sonnet.

QURAN

(a)      “What alieth you that ye judge thus? Have ye a book, wherein ye read that ye are therein promised that which ye shall choose? Or have you a covenant on oath from Us that reacheth to the Day of Judgment, that yours shall be all that ye ordain? Ask them which of them shall vouch for that. Or have they companions (who will vouch for them)? Let them produce their compassion, therefore, if they speak truth” (14)

(68×36-41)

(b)      “He (God) ordereth all things”.

           (13×2)

(c)      “It is He (Allah) who formeth you in the wombs as he pleaseth”(14-a)

(3×6)

—————————————————————-

(14)    Let the scientists produce those patron theorists who make theories like that. And let the proofs be produced, for science accepts nothing as a verity without substantial, scientific proof. Let Galileo speak, et Darwin speak, let Einstein speak if they can on this matter with certainty?

—————————————————————-

(14-a) Celebrities only could have the judgment to appreciate the level of the Quran which over-reaches even this age of knowledge and science

—————————————————————-

(d)      “Bring hither your proof of what you have asserted. And they shall know that the right (is) God’s (alone); and the (deities) which they have devised will abandon them”.

(28×75)

(e)      ” O, man, what hath seduced thee against they glorious Lord, who hath created thee, and put the together, and rightly disposed thee? In what form He pleaseth hath He fashioned thee. Assuredly. But ye deny the (last) judgment as a falsehood”.

(82×6-9)

PHILO

intervals a group of atoms might happen to arrange themselves in the way in which they are arranged in the living cell—indeed, given sufficient time, they would be certain to do so, just as certain as the six monkeys would be certain, given sufficient time, to type off a Shakespeare sonnet. But would they then be a living cell? In other words, is a living cell merely a group of ordinary atoms arranged in some non-ordinary way, or is it something more? Is it merely atoms or is it atoms plus life? 15 QURAN

“Have breathed of my spirit into Him

           (15×28-31)

—————————————————————-

15-Now this is a question whose answer man probably shall never know. Our philosopher is tending only to prove the probability of accident in the appearance of life and consequently to a life without design, plan, purpose or the divine government and resurrection. Quran certainly cannot grant such an opinion. Radically opposite is Quran’s view.

—————————————————————-

PHILO

(10)    “Is it merely atoms or is it atoms plus life”.

QURAN

(a)      ” (God) bringeth forth the living out of dead, and He bringeth forth the dead out of the living, and He quickeneth the earth after it hath been dead, and in like manner shall ye be brought forth form your graves”.

(30×19)

(b)      “O men, if ye be in doubt concerning the resurrection, (consider that) We (first) created you of the dust of the ground; afterwards of seed; afterwards, of a little coagulated blood, afterwards of a piece of flesh, perfectly formed (in part) and (in part) imperfectly formed; that We might make (our power) manifest unto you. And We cause that which We please to rest in the wombs until the appointed time (of delivery), then we bring you forth infants; and afterwards (We permit) you to attain your age of full strength: and one of you dieth (in his youth), and another of you is postponed to a decrepit age, so that he forgetteth whatever he knew. Thou seest the earth (sometimes) dried up and barren: But when We send down rain therein, it is put in motion and swelleth, and produceth every kind of luxuriant (begetables). this (showeth) that God is the truth, and that He raiseth the dead to life, and that He raiseth the dead to life. And hat He is Al-Mighty, and that the hour (of judgment) will surely come (there is no doubt thereof), and that God will raise again those who are in the graves”.

(22×5-7)

PHILO

(11)    “Or to put it in another way, could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of the necessary atoms, as a boy can create a machine out of “Meccano” and then make it go?”.

QURAN

(a)      “Is there any of your companions who produceth a creature, and then causeth it to return (Unto himself)? Say God produceth a creature and then causeth it to return (unto Himself).How therefore are ye turned aside (from His worship)”?

(10×34)

(b)      “Have they attributed companions, who have created as he hath created, so that their creation bear any resemblance unto His? Say: God is the Creator of all things; He is the one, the victorious (God)”.

(13×16)

(c)      “It is not in your power to cause the trees thereof to shoot-forth. Is there (any other) God (partner) with (the true) God? Verily these are a people who deviate from the truth”. (15-a)

(27×60)

—————————————————————

15-a Even if a chemist succeeds in creating life from atoms, the point of the Quran would not suffer falsification, for the material, processes, principle and power is God’s anyone can sow the seed of a tree and look after it till the tree has fully grown. But does not the seed, the soil, the water, process and power belong to God? Can anyone produce these things of his won except God? Original creation is the point.

—————————————————————

PHILO

(12)    ” Could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of necessary atoms, as a boy can create, a machine out of “Mecanno” and then make it go? We do not know the answer”.

QURAN

“And we will leave them to wander in their error”.         (16-110)

PHILO

(13)

Could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of necessary atoms, as a boy can create, a machine out of “Menace” and then make it go? We do not know the answer. When it comes it will give us some indication whether other worlds in space are inhabited like sours, and so must have the greatest influence on our interpretation of the meaning of life–it may produce a greater revolution of thought than Galileo’s astronomy or Darwin’s Biology”.

QURAN

“They have sworn by God, by the most solemn oath, that if a sign came unto them, they would certainly believe therein. Say: Verily signs are in the power of God alone; and He permitteth you not to understand that when they come, they will not believe. And We will turn aside their hearts and their sight (from the truth), as they believed not therein the first time; and We will leave them to wander in their error”.

(6×109-110)

PHILO

(14)    ” Could a sufficiently skillful chemist create life out of necessary atoms, as a boy can create, a machine out of “Mecanno” and then make it go?”.

QURAN

“I (Jesus) have come to you (O, Children of Israel) with a sign from your Lord, that I determine for you out of dust like the form of a bird, then I breath into it and it becomes a(flying) bird!6 with God’s permission ……and (I) bring the dead to life, with God’s permission”.

(3×49)

————————————————————

  1. This Jesus is said to have done in his childhood.

—————————————————————-

PHILO

(15)    “Galileo’s Astronomy17, that is the former view of the sun revolving about the earth topsiturvified”.

—————————————————————

(17)    Galileo’s view is the previous view of solar system topsiturvified. Milton a contemporary of Galileo and apparently the last arrow in the quiever of Christianity against the modern atomism sought to appease the then raging controversy in the following words:-

“What if the sun

Be centre to the world, and other stars,

By his attractive venture and their own

incited, dance about him various rounds?

Their wandering course now high,

now low, now hid,

Progressive, retrogressive, or standing still,

In six thou seest, and what if seventh to these

the Planet earth, so steadfast though she seem

Insensibly three different motions move”.

(Paradise Lost book VIII)

Read our quotations from the 67th chapter of the Quran and try to essay its every sign (verse) in reference to Galileo’s topsiturvified view of the solar system, in further reference to the principles and the effects of the mother theory, that of Bacon’s modern atomism, and you are sure to find amazing relevance. One may with Milton say: Why a moving earth should damage the notion of religion, yet Galieleo’s discovery did in fact do considerable damage to Christian faith and faith in general. Why it should have been so, is a question worth the consideration of the philosophers, now that the whole affair shines in dazzling colours before the eyes of mankind.

—————————————————————-

QURAN

(a)      “Is he therefore who goeth grovelling on his face better directed than he who walketh upright in a straight way?”.

(67×22)

(b)      “Blessed is He in whose hand is the sovereignty, and He is able to do all things (17-a) who hath created death and life that He may try you which of you is best in conduct; and He is the mighty, the forgiving, who hath created seven heavens in harmony. Thou canst see no fault in the beneficent one’s creation, then look again, canst thou see any rifts? Then look again and yet again, they sight will return unto thee awakened and made dim. And verily We have beautified the world’s heaven with lamp, and we have made them missiles or the devils, and for them We have prepared the doom of flames. And for those who disbelieve in their Lord there is the doom of hell, hapless journey’s end! When they are flung in it they hear its roaring as it boileth up. As it would burst with rage. Whenever (fresh) host is flung therein the wardens thereof ask them : Came there unto you no Warner” They say: Yea verily, a Warner came unto us:  but we denied and said: Allah hath naught revealed; yet are not but in a great error. And they say: Had we been wont to listen or have sense, we had not bee among the dwellers in the flames. So they acknowledge their sins; but far removed (from mercy) are the dwellers in the flames.

Lo! Those who, fear their Lord in secret, their’s will be forgiveness and a great reward. And keep your opinion secret or proclaim it. Lo! He is knower of all that is in the breasts (of men). Should he not know what he created? And He is the subtle, the aware. He it is who hath made the earth subservient unto you, so walk in the paths thereof and eat of His providence. And unto Him will be the resurrection (of the dead). Heave yet taken security from Him who is in the heaven that He will not cause the earth to swallow you when lo! It is convulsed> Or have yet taken security from Him who is in the heaven that He will not let loose on you a hurricane”? He will to let loose on you a hurricane? But ye shall know the manner of my warning. And verily those before them denied, then (see) the manner of My wrath (with the)!

Have they not seen the birds above them spreading out their wings and closing them? Naught upholdeth them save the beneficent. Lo!! He is seer of all things. Or who is he who will be an army unto you to help you instead of the beneficent? The disbelievers are in naught but illusion. Is he therefore who goeth grovelling on his face better directed than he who walketh upright in a straight way?”.

(67×1-22)

—————————————————————-

(17-a) The age which began with Galileo’s astronomy is characteristically discussed by the Quran in these signs (verses).

—————————————————————

PHILO

(16)    “Galieleo’s astronomy; that is the former review of the sun revolving about the earth tospsiturvified (17-b)

———————————————————

(17-b) Whether the sun or the earth moves, it makes no difference, for all belongs to God, and it is all his own doing. They only make it an issue.

————————————————————-

QURAN

“Say: Unto whom (belongeth) the earth and whosoever is therein, if ye have in wedge? They will say: Unto Allah. Say: will ye not then remember? Say”, Who is the Lord of seven heavens, and Lord of the tremendous throne? They will say: Unto Allah (all that belongeth) say: Will ye not then keep duty (unto Him)? Say : In whose hands is the dominion over all things and he protecteth, while against Him there is no protection, if ye have knowledge? They will say: Unto Allah (all that belongeth).Say. How then are ye bewitched? Nay: But we have brought them the truth, and Lo! They are liars”.

(23×84-90)

PHILO

“Galileo’s astronomy: That is the former view of the sun revolving about the earth topsiturvified”.

QURAN

“It is not righteous that ye turn your faces to the east and the west, but righteous is he who believeth in Allah and the last day and the angels and the scriptures and the prophets; and giveth his wealth, for love of Him, to kinfolk and to orphans and the needy and the wayfarer and to those who ask, and to set slaves free; and observeth proper-worship and pay the poor-due, and those who keep their treaty when they make one, and the patient in tribulation and adversity and time of distress. Such are they who are sincere. (17-c) Such are the God-fearing”.

(21×177)

PHILO

“Galileo’s astronomy: That is the former view of the sun revolving about the earth topsiturvified”.

QURAN

“He causeth the night to cover the day”.

“It is God who hath raised the heavens without visible pillars; (and) then ascended his throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to perform their services; every (of the heavenly bodies) runneth an appointed course. He ordereth (all) runneth an appointed course.  He ordereth (all) things. He showeth (His) signs distinctly, that ye may be assured ye must meet your Lord (18) at the last day (it is) he who hath stretched forth the earth, and placed therein, steadfast (mountain), and rivers; and hath ordained therein of every fruit two (different) kinds. He causeth the night to cover the day. Herein are certain signs unto people who consider”.

(13×2-3)

—————————————————————-

(17-c) God’s glorification and not falsification of the expressions of the scriptures about the natural phenomena ought to be the object of the contemplation of the works of God.

—————————————————————

18      Mark the difference between the object of contemplation according to the Quran and this modern Baconian culture. The Quran has the meeting with the Lord on resurrection in view, while the modern culture has the worldly advancement in sight. This is a point of momentous imports that warrants discrimination today to save this world from the flame so the atomic hell. Since Galielo’s discovery man’s topsiturvified mind and the topsiturvified universe are in revolution carelessly about each other o the principle of relativity. Man’s mind never saw rest ever since,

—————————————————————-

PHILO

(19)    “Galileo’s astronomy: That is the former view of the sun revolving about the earth topsiturvified”.

QURAN

(a)      “Allah causeth the night to cover the day”.

(13×3)

(b)      “Unto Allah belong the east and the west, and whatsoever ye turn, there is Allah’s countenance. Allah is all-embracing, all-knowing”.

(2×115)

PHILO

(20)    “And Darwin’s biology, (19) that is , man was evolved from a base ape-like animal through the process of natural selection and on the principle of comparative fitness for survival”.

————————————————————–

(19) Just as in the case of Galileo’s astronomy , in Darwin’s biology too it is not the biology that is of consequence, but rather the real object is the case of a philosophy emanating from the same origin that of Bacon’s modern atomism. Whether the species were evolved or not, and whether man had been developed from a base or a high origin, the fact is that Darwin’s philosophy has deprived human-kind of every virtue, from nobility, morality, sympathy and generosity to faith. It has changed this mankind into a really base, selfish, heedless and unweary anthropoids, or at least they have come to think and look like that.

———————————————————

QURAN

“Who doth greater wrong then He who deviseth a lie concerning Allah, that he may lead mankind astray without knowledge. Lo! Allah guideth not the wrong ding folk”.

(6×144)

PHILO

(21)    “Darwin’s biology : A research for the origin of species”.

QURAN

“Their likeness is the likeness of one who kindleth fire, and when it shaddeth its light around him, Allah taketh away their light and leaveth them in darkness. Where they cannot see. Deaf, dumb and blind they return not. Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder and the flash lightening. They thrust their fingers in their ears by reason of the thunderscaapes, for fear of death. Allah encompasseth the disbeleivers (in His guidance).The lightening almost snatcheth away their sight form them. As often as it flashes forth for them they walk therein, and when it darkeneth against them they stand still. If Allah willed, He could destroy their hearing and their sight. Lo! Allah is able to do all things”(19-a).

(2×17-20)

————————————————————–

(19-a) Darwin would have confessed the truth of this description in the light of his experience in his search after the origin.

————————————————————

PHILO

(22)    “Darwin’s biology: A view of man’s ape-like origin”.

QURAN

(a)      ” God hath cursed, and with whom He hath been angry, having changed (some) of the into apes, and swine, and (who) serve idols, they are in the worse condition, and err more (widely) from the straightens of the path”.

(5×60)

(b)      “Surely we created man of the best stature, then we reduced him to the lowest of the low. Save those who believe and do god works, and there’s is a reward unfailing”.

(95×4-6)

(c)      “We created you, then fashioned you, then told the angels; fall ye prostrate before Adam! And they fell prostrate, all save Iblis. Who was not of those who make prostration”.

(7×11)

PHILO

(23)    “Darwin’s biology: A philosophy of the survival of the fittest”.

QURAN

(a)      ” Thou shalt in no wise reckon those who have been slain in the cause of God, dead: nay, they are sustained alive with their Lord, rejoicing for what God of His favour hath granted them; and being glad fro those, who coming after them, have not as yet overtaken them, because, there shall not fear come on them, neither shall they be grieved. They are filled with joy for the favour (which they have received) from God, and (His) bounty; and for that God suffereth not the reward of the faithful to perish (20)”.

(3×169)

—————————————————————

(20) Here then is a different type of a fitness for survival maintained by the Quran against the Darwinian standards of fitness for survival. Refer also to the Darwinian struggle for food and see how God provides for the martyrs. Observe how the unfittest for survival Darwinially becomes fittest recording to the doctrine of the Quran.

————————————————————————

(b)      “Lo ! The party of Allah ; they are the victorious”.

(5×56)

We have cited the bare essentials where the Quran differed with Darwin philosophically. And it is actually the philosophy of Darwin that counts. These essentials, however, will sufficiently illustrate the Quran. Darwin relation for those who have the knowledge of Darwin. Darwin made so sudden and so lengthy a leap into the dark regions of remote antiquity where he was left to imaginative speculation. H.G. Wells went into the future. Darwin went into the past. The eager acceptance of Darwin’s philosophy may be attributed to the spirit of scientific and anti-religious tendency of the age. Whether Darwin himself realized it or not, the peculiarly vindictive characteristic of the Jewish spirit was at work to spoil the human mind. They who opposed his philosophy where all sober and capable naturalists. But they failed, for the mind was against them.

SECTION (ii) (l)

We do, however, know that while living matter consists of quite ordinary atoms, it consists in the main of atoms which have a special capacity for coagulating into extra-ordinary large bunches or “Molecules”.

Most atoms do not possess this property. The atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen, for instance may combine to form molecules of Hydrogen, (H 2 or H3) of oxygen or Ozone (O2 or O3), of water (H2O), or of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2 O2) but none of these compounds contains more than four atoms. The addition of Nitrogen does not greatly change the situation; the compounds of Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Oxygen all contain comparatively few atoms. But the further addition of Carbon completely transforms the picture; the atoms of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon combine to form molecules containing hundreds, thousands and even tens of thousands of atoms. It is of such molecules that living bodies are mainly formed. Until a century ago it was commonly supposed that some “vital force” was necessary to produce these and other substances which entered into other composition of the living body. Then Wholer produced Urea (CO (NH 2)2 which is a typical animal product, in his laboratory, by the ordinary processes of chemical synthesis, and other constituents of the living body followed in due course. Today one phenomenon after another which was at one time attributed to “vital force” is being traced to the action of the ordinary processes of Physics and Chemistry. Although the problem is still far from solution, it is becoming increasingly likely that what specially distinguishes the matter of living bodies is the presence not of a “vital force” but of the quite common place element Carbon, always in connection with other atoms with which it forms exceptionally large molecules.

(The Mysterious Universe page 6-7)

The philosopher has known that the substance of the living body is this very ordinary matter of earth, and has succeed in preparing certain animal products a synthetically, though the problem is still far from solutions. See how candidly the Quran has proceeded to endorse the apparently palpable views of the philosopher, but never lose sight of the cankerous inward intent of the philosopher’s argument, nor will the Quran ever ignore the particular bent of our philosopher’s mind.

“We do, however, know that while living matter consists of quite ordinary atoms, it consists in the main of atoms which have a special capacity for coagulating into extra-ordinary large bunches or “Molecules”.

Most atoms do not possess this property. The atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen, for instance may combine to form molecules of Hydrogen, (H 2 or H3) of oxygen or Ozone (O 2 or O3), of water (H2O), or of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) but none of these compounds contains more than four atoms. The addition of Nitrogen does not greatly change the situation; the compounds of Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Oxygen all contain comparatively few atoms. But the further addition of Carbon completely transforms the picture; the atoms of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon combine to form molecules containing hundreds, thousands and even tens of thousands of atoms. It is of such molecules that living bodies are mainly formed. Until a century ago it was commonly supposed that some “vital force” was necessary to produce these and other substances which entered into other composition of the living body. Then Wholer produced Urea (CO (NH2)2 which is a typical animal product, in his laboratory, by the ordinary processes of chemical synthesis, and other constituents of the living body followed in due course. Today one phenomenon after another which was at one time attributed to “vital force” is being traced to the action of the ordinary processes of Physics and Chemistry. Although the problem is still far from solution, it is becoming increasingly likely that what specially distinguishes the matter of living bodies is the presence not of a “vital force” but of the quite common place element Carbon, always in connection with other atoms with which it forms exceptionally large molecules21″..

(The Mysterious Universe page 6-7)

________________________________________________21. The biologist will in this section discover such wonders displayed by the Quran which to a thoughtful biologists throw into reveries. Such are the revealing descriptions therein of the phenomena of biological creation of man.

——————————————————————-

PHILO

(1)      “We do, however, know that while living matter consists of quite ordinary atoms, it consists in the main of atoms which have a special capacity for coagulating into extra-ordinary large bunches or “Molecules”.

QURAN

“Hath created man of coagulated blood”.

(96×2)

PHILO

(2)      “The atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen, for instance may combine to form molecules of Hydrogen, (H2 or H3) of oxygen or Ozone (O2 or O3), of water (H2O), or of Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) but none of these compounds contains more than four atoms. The addition of Nitrogen does not greatly change the situation; the compounds of Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Oxygen all contain comparatively few atoms. But the further addition of Carbon completely transforms the picture; the atoms of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon combine to form molecules containing hundreds, thousands and even tens of thousands of atoms. It is of such molecules that living bodies are mainly formed:.

QURAN

(a)      “He created man of baked clay alike on earthen vessel (21-a) , but He created the genii of fire clear from smoke”.

(55×14-15)

(b)      “We created man of dried clay, of black mud, (21-b), formed into shape, and we have before created the devil of subtle fire”.

(15×28-31)

———————————————————————

(21-a) Might be the carbon atom does to other atoms which fire does to potter’s clay during baking. If correct, this is a remarkable hint for Sir James Jeans. A hint worth noting.

(21-b (Mark the illusion to black carbon.

—————————————————–

PHILO

(3)      “Until a century ago it was commonly supposed that some “vital force” was necessary to produce these and other substances which entered into other composition of the living body”.

QURAN

(a)      “Verily our speech unto anything, when we will the same (is), that we only say, unto it, be; and it is”.

(16×40)

(b)      “And remember when thy Lord said before the angels, verily I am about to create man of dried clay, of black mud, wrought into shape, when therefore I shall have completely formed him, and shall have breathed my spirit into him; do ye fall down and worship him”.

(15×28-31)

(c)      “We formerly created man of a finer sort of clay’ afterwards we placed him (in the form of) seed in a sure receptacle (womb); afterwards We made the seed coagulated blood; and we formed the flash’ then we formed the pieces of flesh into bones, and We clothed those bones with flesh; and then produced it as another creation. Wherefore blessed be God, most excellent creator”.

(23×12-14)

SECTION (ii) (m)

If this is so, life exists in the universe only because the Carbon atom possesses certain exceptional properties. Perhaps Carbon is rather noteworthy chemically as forming a sort of transition between the metals and non-metals, but so far noting in the physical constitution of the Carbon atom is known to account for its very special capacity for binding other atoms together. The Carbon atom consists of six electrons revolving around the appropriate central nucleus, like six planets revolving around a central sun; it appears to differ from its two nearest neighbors in the table of chemical atoms, the atoms of Boron and Nitrogen, only in having one electron more than the former and one electronic fewer than the latter. yet this slight difference must account in the last resort for all the difference between life and absence of life. No doubt the reason why the six electron atom possess these remarkable properties resides somewhere in the ultimate laws of nature, but mathematical physics hasn’t yet fathomed it.

(The Mysterious Universe page 7)

The appearance of life, our philosopher thinks, may be attributed to certain special properties of the Carbon atom. But rightly has. He confessed the ignorance of science hitherto about the reason why the six electron atom should possess such properties, and that such a reason resided somewhere in the ultimate laws of nature. The Quran gives instantaneous approval of the established scientific facts, and even offers suggestions, but does at the same time attribute the functioning of the process to God that has all knowledge, control and power. How far human knowledge could go is not known, but the knowledge of ultimate reality to the level of the essential spirit is for ever set beyond man’s ken. But we have to keep in mind the basic intent of our philosopher here, which is to prove the life as accidental.

If this is so, life exists in the universe only because the Carbon atom possesses certain exceptional properties. Perhaps Carbon is rather noteworthy chemically as forming a sort of transition between the metals and non-metals, but so far noting in the physical constitution of the Carbon atom is known to account for its very special capacity for binding other atoms together. The Carbon atom consists of six electrons revolving around the appropriate central nucleus, like six planets revolving around a central sun; it appears to differ from its two nearest neighbors in the table of chemical atoms, the atoms of Boron and Nitrogen, only in having one electron more than the former and one electronic fewer than the latter. yet this slight difference must account in the last resort for all the difference between life and absence of life. No doubt the reason why the six electron atom possess these remarkable properties resides somewhere in the ultimate laws of nature, but mathematical physics hasn’t yet fathomed it.

(The Mysterious Universe page 7)

PHILO

(1)      “If this is so, life exists in the universe only because the Carbon atom possesses certain exceptional properties”.

QURAN

(a)      “This is the disposition of the mighty, the wise God”.

(36×38)

(b)      “The spirit was created at the command of My Lord”.

(17×85)

PHILO

(2)      “Perhaps Carbon is rather noteworthy chemically as forming a sort of transition between the metals and non-metals, but so far noting in the physical constitution of the Carbon atom is known to account for its very special capacity for binding other atoms together:.

QURAN

“If thou hadst expended whatever (riches are) in the earth, thou couldst not have united their hearts, but God united them, for He is mighty and wise”.

(8-63)

PHILO

”  The Carbon atom consists of six electrons revolving around the appropriate central nucleus, like six planets revolving around a central sun; it appears to differ from its two nearest neighbors in the table of chemical atoms, the atoms of Boron and Nitrogen, only in having one electron more than the former and one electronic fewer than the latter”.

QURAN

“Verily God kneweth them and numbereth them with (right) numbering”.

(19×93-94)

PHILO

(4)      “yet this slight difference must account in the last resort for all the difference between life and absence of life. “.

QURAN

(a)      “If Allah were to take mankind to task for their wrong-doing, He would no leave hereon a living creatures, but He reprieveth them to an appointed term, and when their term cometh they cannot put (it) off an hour nor( yet) advance it”.

(16×61)

(b)      “Your creation and your raising (from the dead) are only as (the creation and the raising of) a singe soul. Lo! Allah is hearer, knower”.

(31×28)

PHILO

(5)      “No doubt the reason why the six electron atom possess these remarkable properties resides somewhere in the ultimate laws of nature, but mathematical physics hasn’t yet fathomed it”.

QURAN

(a)      “Praise the name of thy Lord the most High, who createth, then disposeth, whom assureth, then guideth”.

(87×1-3)

(b)      “So they worship not Allah, who bringeth forth the hidden in the heavens and the earth, and knoweth what ye hide and what ye proclaim”.

(27×25)

(c)      “Proofs have come unto you from your Lord, so whose seeth, it is for his own good, and whose is blind is blind to his own hurt”.

(6×104)

PHILO

(6)      “”No doubt the reason why the six electron atom possess these remarkable properties resides somewhere in the ultimate laws of nature, but mathematical physics hasn’t yet fathomed it22”.

—————————————————————-

22 .Man may keep on divulging secret after secret of nature, revealing mystery after mystery, yet the knowledge of the ultimate reality is not granted to man”.

QURAN

(a)      ” They will ask thee concerning the spirit. Say: The spirit is by command of my Lord, and knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little”.

(17×85)

(b)      “Allah surrendereth all things in knowledge”.

(65×12)

SECTION (ii) (n)

“Other similar cases are known to Chemistry. Magnetic phenomenon appears in a tremendous degree in Iron and in a lesser degree in its neighbours Nickel and Cobalt. The atoms of these elements have 26, 27 and 28 electrons respectively. The magnetic properties of all other atoms are almost negligible in compassion. Somehow, then, although again, mathematical physics has not yet unraveled how, magnetisms depends on the peculiar properties of the 26,27 and 28 electron atoms, especially the first, radio-activity provides a third instances, being confined, with insignificant exceptions, to atoms having from 83 to 92 electrons; again we do not know why”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 7-8)

Other similar cases are known to the philosopher, but the knowledge obtained is only superficial. The mathematical physics has not as yet fathomed the basic reason. The Quran in such a situation habitually attributed the knowledge and the system to the creator, whose divine control and interest the philosopher wants to deny through constant endeavour, and a lengthy, tenaciously maintained, and amazingly arrayed avalanche of cold.

“Other similar cases are known to Chemistry. Magnetic phenomenon appear in a tremendous degree in Iron and in a lesser degree in its neighbours Nickel and Cobalt. The atoms of these elements have 26, 27 and 28 electrons respectively. The magnetic properties of all other atoms are almost negligible in compassion. Somehow, then, although again, mathematical physics has not yet unraveled how, magnetism’s depends on the peculiar properties of the 26,27 and 28 electron atoms, especially the first, radio-activity provides a third instances, being confined, with insignificant exceptions, to atoms having from 83 to 92 electrons; again we do not know why”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 7-8)

PHILO

“Again we do not know why”.

QURAN

(a)      “When will grasp their meanings save the wise”.

(29×43)

(b)      “Over every Lord of knowledge one more knowing”.

          (12×76)

(c)      “Our Lord is He who gave unto everything its nature, then guided it aright”.

(20×50)

(d)      “Behold what is in the heavens and the earth: But revelations and the warnings avail not folk who will not believe”.

(10×101)

SECTION (ii) (o)

“Thus Chemistry can only tell us to place life in the same category as magnetism and radio-activity. The Universe is built so as to operate according to certain laws. As a consequence of these laws, atoms having certain definite numbers of electrons, namely 6, 26 to 28 and 83 to 92, have certain special properties, which show themselves in the phenomena of life, magnetism and Radio-activity respectively. An Omnipotent Creator, subject to no limitations whatever, would not have been restricted to the laws which prevail in the present Universe; He might have elected to build the inverse to conform to anyone of innumerable other sets of Laws. If some other set of laws had been chosen, other special atoms might have had other special properties associated with them. We cannot say what, but it seems a priori unlikely that either radioactivity or magnetism or life would have figured amongst them. Chemistry suggests that, like magnetism and radioactivity, life may merely be an accidental consequence, of the special set of laws by which the present universe is governed.

(The Mysterious Universe page 8)

The whole line of argument leads only to one conclusion, that is like magnetism and radio-activity life too may be an accidental consequence of the special set of laws by which the present universe is governed. It means that the philosopher knows and believes in the process, and the laws of the universe, and what he is doubtful of is the mind of the creator in the creation of life. No better example if godless naturalism could be found. The fallacy of such a mind resided in the basic nature, yet could without difficulty be detected in the utterances of the tongue. The facts cited in the above-quoted passage are most sound, though the inference drawn there from is most unsound and you will see the Quran not at all reluctant to endorse every fact that is sound, but mark the intent of the philosopher and judge Quran’s answer.

PHILO

“Thus Chemistry can only tell us to place life in the same category as magnetism and radio-activity. The Universe is built so as to operate according to certain laws. As a consequence of these laws, atoms having certain definite numbers of electrons, namely 6, 26 to 28 and 83 to 92, have certain special properties, which show themselves in the phenomena of life, magnetism and Radio-activity respectively. An Omnipotent Creator, subject to no limitations whatever, would not have been restricted to the laws which prevail in the present Universe; He might have elected to build the inverse to conform to anyone of innumerable other sets of Laws. If some other set of laws had been chosen, other special atoms might have had other special properties associated with them. We cannot say what, but it seems a priori unlikely that either radioactivity or magnetism or life would have figured amongst them. Chemistry suggests that, like magnetism and radioactivity, life may merely be an accidental consequence, of the special set of laws by which the present universe is governed.

(The Mysterious Universe page 8)

PHILO

(1)      “”Thus Chemistry can only tell us to place life in the same category as magnetism and radio-activity”.

QURAN

“Small misunderstanding”.

(48×15)

PHILO

(2)      “The Universe is built so as to operate according to certain laws. As a consequence of these laws, atoms having certain definite numbers of electrons, namely 6, 26 to 28 and 83 to 92, have certain special properties, which show themselves in the phenomena of life, magnetism and Radio-activity respectively”.

QURAN

(a)      “Lord enjoineth justice”.

(16×90)

(b)      “The sky hath He uplifted and He hath set the measure”.

(55×7)

(c)      “Allah hath set a measure for all things”.

(65×3)

(d)      “It is the law of Allah which hath taken course before time. Thou will not find for the law of Allah ought of power to change”.

(48×23)

(e)      ” Nor wilt thou find for Allah’s way of treatment ought of power to change”.

(35×43)

PHILO

(a)      “An Omnipotent Creator, subject to no restrictions whatever”.

QURAN

(a)      “Doer of what He will”.

(11×107)

(b)      “He createth that He will. And Allah is able to do all things”.

(5×17)

(c)      “Allah affecteth that He will and establisheth what He will” and with Him is the source of Ordinance”.

(13×39)

(d)      ” We will show them Our signs on the Horizons, and within themselves, until it will be manifest unto them that it is the truth (22-a)”. (41×5

________________________________________________

(22-a) These signs are now clear in the form of universal and individual discontent, heart-burning ,anarchy, disease, riots, terrorism, and failure  of modern progress in its goals, and above all else a blazing, braying atomic hell. The result of ignoring Quran’s teachings and warnings.

__________________________________________

PHILO

(4)      ” An Omnipotent Creator, subject to no limitations whatever, would not have been restricted to the laws which prevail in the present Universe; He might have elected to build the inverse to conform to anyone of innumerable other sets of Laws”.

QURAN

(a)      “He is knower of every creation”.

(36×79)

(b)      “If He pleaseth, He can take you sway, and produce a new creation (in your stead) : Neither (will) this (be) difficult with God”.

(35×16-1)

(c)      “But nay! I swear by the Lord of rising places and the setting places of the planets, that we are able to replace them by (others) better than then,. And We are not to be outrun”.

(70×40-41)

(d)      “When We substitute a revelation in lieu of a revelation (abrogated), ad God best knoweth (the fitness of) that which He revealeth”.

(16×101)

(e)      ” Such of Our revelations as We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, We bring in place one better or the like thereof”.

(2×106)

(f)       “If We pleased, verily We could from yourselves produce angels, to succeed you in the earth”.

(43×60)

(g)      ” If we had appointed an angel (for our messenger), We should have sent him (in the form) of a man, and as they are clothed”.

(6×9)

(h)     ” Avait they aught, save that the angels should come unto them or thy Lord’s command should come to pass? Even so did those before them. Allah wrongeth them not but they did wrong themselves”.

(16×33)

(i)       “They will abide therein (in the next world) for ever”.

(2×39)

PHILO

(5)      ” An Omnipotent Creator, subject to no limitations whatever, would not have been restricted to the laws which prevail in the present Universe; He might have elected to build the inverse to conform to anyone of innumerable other sets of Laws. If some other set of laws had been chosen, other special atoms might have had other special properties associated with them. We cannot say what, but it seems a priori unlikely that either radioactivity or magnetism or life would have figured amongst them”.

QURAN

(a)      ” Lo! You are those who argue about that whereof ye have knowledge: Why then argue ye concerning that whereof ye have no knowledge? Allah knoweth. Ye know not”.

(3×66)

(b)      “Have ye any knowledge that ye can adduce for us? Lo! Ye follow naught but an opinion, Lo! Ye do but guess, for –Allah’s is the final judgment had He swilled He could indeed have guided all of you”.

(6×148-149)

(c)      “And Lo! a guess can never take the place of the truth”.

(53×28)

(d)      “Would ye inform Allah of (something) that He knoweth not in the heavens or in the earth”?.

(e)      “He hath created all things and He is omniscient”.

(6×101)

PHILO

(6)      Chemistry suggests that, like magnetism and radioactivity, life may merely be an accidental consequence, of the special set of laws by which the present universe is governed”.

QURAN

“We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in play. If we had wished to find a pastime, We could have found it in our presence–If we ever did. Nay but We hurl the true against the false, and it doth break its head, and Lo! it vanisheth. And your’s will be woe for that which yea scribe (unto Him).

(21×16-18)

SECTION (ii) (p)

“Again the word “Accidental” may be challenged. For what if the Creator of the universe selected one special set of laws just because they led to the appearance of life? What if this were his way of Creating life? So long as we think of the Creator as a magnified man-like being, activated by feelings and interests like our own, the challenge cannot be met, except perhaps by the remark, that when a Creator has once been postulated, no argument can add much to what has already been assumed. If however we dismiss every trace of anthropomorphism from our minds there remains no reason for supposing that the present laws were specially selected in order to produce life. They are just as likely, for instance, to have been selected in order to produce magnetism or radioactivity indeed more likely, since to all appearance physics plays an incomparably greater part in the universe than Biology. Viewed from a strictly material stand-point, the utter insignificance of life would seem to go far towards dispelling any idea that it forms a special interest of the great architect of the Universe.

(The Mysterious Universe page 8-9)

Our philosopher takes a very clever turn thinking that a man-like God only would create creatures like men. Vividly this is an effort to prove the accidental nature of life. And as usual he measures every thing by the yeardstick of mass and material activity to show the greater right of physics than biology to the great right of physics and biology to the special interest of the Great architect of the universe. Read the answers of the Quran keeping these points in mind, but you will always find in this study the Quran readily endorsing every point that is sound, rejecting every erroneous, misleading point with authority and with reason.

PHILO

“Again the word “Accidental” may be challenged. For what if the Creator of the universe selected one special set of laws just because they led to the appearance of life? What if this were his way of Creating life? So long as we think of the Creator as a magnified man-like being, activated by feelings and interests like our own, the challenge cannot be met, except perhaps by the remark, that when a Creator has once been postulated, no argument can add much to what has already been assumed. If however we dismiss every trace of anthropomorphism from our minds there remains no reason for supposing that the present laws were specially selected in order to produce life. They are just as likely, for instance, to have been selected in order to produce magnetism or radioactivity indeed more likely, since to all appearance physics plays an incomparably greater part in the universe than Biology. Viewed from a strictly material stand-point, the utter insignificance of life would seem to go far towards dispelling any idea that it forms a special interest of the great architect of the Universe.

(The Mysterious Universe page 8-9)

PHILO

(1)      “Again the word accidental may be challenged”.

QURAN

(a)      “We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in play. If we had wished to find a pastime could have found it in our presence if We ever did.  Nay but We hurl the true against the false, and it doth break its head, and Lo! It vanisheth. And your’s will be woe for that which ye ascribe (unto Him)”.

(21×16-18)

(b)      ” Allah affecteth what He will, and establisheth (what He will), and with Him is the source of ordinance”.

(13×39)

(c)      “Not a leaf falleth but He knwoeth it, not again amid the darkness of the earth, naught of wet or dry but (it is noted) in a clear record”.

(6×59)

PHILO

(2)      “So long as we think of the Creator as a magnified man-like being activated by feelings and interests like our own”.

QURAN

(a)      “The originator of the heavens and the earth How can He have a child, when there is for Him no consort, when He creatheth all things and is aware of all things”.

(6×101)

(b)      “Yet they ascribe as partners w unto Him jinn, although He, did create them, and impute falsely, without knowledge, a sons and daughters unto Him. Glorified be He and high exalted above (all) that they ascribe unto Him”.

(6×100)

(c)      “God hath most excellent names, therefore call on Him by the same, and withdraw from those who use his names perversely: They shall be regarded for that which they shall have wrought”.

(17×180)

(d)      “(There are) some men who dispute concerning God without knowledge, and without a direction and without enlightening book”.

(31×20)

(e)      “He is the hearer, the seer”.

(42×11)

(f)       “Hath given you (the sense of) hearing and seeing and hearts to understand”.

(32×9)

(g)      “Allah the beneficent, the merciful”.

(27×30)

PHILO

(3)      ” If, however, we dismiss every trace of anthropomorphism from our minds (concerning the person of the creator of the universe)”.

QURAN

(a)      ” There is nothing like Him”.

(42×11)

(b)      “The sight comprehendeth Him not, but He comprehendeth the sight”.

(6×103)

PHILO

(4)               “Again the word “Accidental” may be challenged. For what if the Creator of the universe selected one special set of laws just because they led to the appearance of life? What if this were his way of Creating life?

QURAN

(a)      “Disbelieve ye verily in Him, who created the earth in two days, and ascribe ye unto Him rivals? He (and none else) is the Lord of the worlds. He placed therein firm hills, rising above it and blessed it and measured therein its sustenance in four days, alike for (all) who ask, Then turned He to the heavens when it was smoke and said unto the earth: come both of you willingly or loath. They said we come obedient. Then He ordained them seven heavens in two days, and inspired in each heaven its in mandate, and we decked the nether heaven with lamps and rendered it inviolable. That is the measuring of the mighty, the noble”.

(41×9-12)

(b)      “And if thou were to ask them. Who created the heavens and the earth and constrained the sun and the moon (to their appointed work)? They would say: Allah. How then were they turned away”.

(29×61)

PHILO

So long as we think of the Creator as a magnified man-like being, activated by feelings and interests like our own, the challenge cannot be met, except perhaps by the remark, that when a Creator has once been postulated, no argument can add much to what has already been assumed.

QURAN

(a)      ” It is the law of Allah which has taken course afore-time. Thou will not find for the law o Allah ought of power to change”.

(48×23)

(b)      “Perfected is the word of thy Lord in truth and justice. There is naught that challenges. His words. He is the hearer, the knower”.

(6×115)

(c)      “He will not be questioned as to that which He doeth, but they will be questioned”.

(21×23)

PHILO

(6)      If however we dismiss every trace of anthropomorphism from our minds there remains no reason for supposing that the present laws were specially selected in order to produce life. They are just as likely, for instance, to have been selected in order to produce magnetism or radioactivity indeed more likely, since to all appearance physics plays an incomparably greater part in the universe than Biology.

QURAN

“See ye not Allah hath made serviceable unto you whatsoever is in the sky(23) and whatsoever is the earth, and hath loaded you with His favours both without and within? Yet of mankind is He who disputeth concerning Allah, without knowledge or guidance or a scripture giving light”.

(31×20)

PHILO

(7)      Viewed from a strictly material stand-point, the utter insignificance of life would seem to go far towards dispelling any idea that it forms a special interest of the great architect of the Universe.

———————————————————————-

(23) The entire universe is engaged in the service of life on earth. By way of a comparison it may be seen that it is not life that serves magnetism, or radio-activity, but it is magnetism as well as radio-activity that serve life. Elephant despite its greater magnitude serves man. Similarly, the sun, the moon, and the stars in the sky, and water and air on earth are all engaged in serving life.

———————————————————————–

QURAN

(a)      “When a misfortune befalleth you at sea, the (false deities) whom ye invoke are forgotten (by you) except His (alone) :Yet when He bringeth you safe to dry land, ye retire after off (from Him, and return to your idols) for man is ungrateful”,

(17x 67)

(b)      “They rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of the world is but brief comfort as compared with the hereafter”.

(13×26)

SECTION (ii) (q)

A trivial analogy may exhibit the situation in clearer light. An un-imaginative sailor accustomed to tying knots might think it would be impossible to cross the ocean if tying knots were impossible. Now the capacity for tying knots is limited to space of three dimensions, no knot can be tied in a space of 1; 2; 4; 5 or any other number of dimensions. From this fact our unimaginative sailor might reason that a beneficent Creator must have had sailors under his special patronage; and have chosen that space should have three dimensions in order that tying knots and crossing the ocean should be possibilities in the universe he had created —in brief space was of three dimensions, so that there could be sailors. This and the argument outlined above seem to be much on a level, because life as a whole and the tying knots are pretty much on a level in that neither of them forms more than an utterly insignificant fraction of the total activity of the materiel universe.

(The Mysterious Universe page 9-10)

This analogy appears as the sign-post of the terminus of the long line of the philosopher’s argument to prove life as accidental and to prove it as unfit for creator’s special interest. But just as the whole line of argument of the philosopher has been devoid of meanings, this sign post is devoid of senses. Seldom indeed such knowledge and such absurdity have appeared side by side as in the argument of this philosopher. To talk of the latest discoveries of science and the n to draw from them so lowly inferences is indeed a wonderful thing. Read what the Quran has to say on the point.

A trivial analogy may exhibit the situation in clearer light. An un-imaginative sailor accustomed to tying knots might think it would be impossible to cross the ocean if tying knots were impossible. Now the capacity for tying knots is limited to space of three dimensions, no knot can be tied in a space of 1; 2; 4; 5 or any other number of dimensions. From this fact our unimaginative sailor might reason that a beneficent Creator must have had sailors under his special patronage; and have chosen that space should have three dimensions in order that tying knots and crossing the ocean should be possibilities in the universe he had created —in brief space was of three dimensions, so that there could be sailors. This and the argument outlined above seem to be much on a level, because life as a whole and the tying knots are pretty much on a level in that neither of them forms more than an utterly insignificant fraction of the total activity of the materiel universe.

(The Mysterious Universe page 9-10)

PHILO

(1)      “Our unimaginative sailor”.

QURAN

(a)      “Men of understanding, such as remember Allah standing, sitting and reclining, and consider the creation of the heavens and the earth and say: Our Lord!”.

(3×190-191)

(b)      “He unto whom wisdom hath been given, he truly hath received abundant good, and none remember except men of understanding”.

(2×269)

PHILO

(2)      “Three space dimensions”.

QURAN

“Woe unto the repudiators on that day! (It will be said unto them): Depart unto that (doom) which ye used to deny: falling threefold (Triple massive), (which yet is) no relief nor shelter from the flame. Lo! It throweth up sparks like the castles, (or) as it might be camels of bright yellow hue (24) .This is a day wherein they speak not. Nor are they suffered t to put or the excuses. Woe unto the repudiators on that day”.

(77×28-37)

———————————————————————–

(24) Einstein would read this materio-metaphysical theory with wonder, interest and appreciation, it is a strange theory of three spaced shade. Immaterial materialized immaterial. The challenge pertains to the denier of the next life in heaven.

————————————————————–

SECTION (ii) (r)

“So much for the surprising manner in which so far as science can at present inform us, we came into being. And our bewilderment is only increased when we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the purpose of our existence or to force the destiny which fate has in store for our race.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10)

Because nothing but bewilderment is the lot of our philosopher as regards the purpose of four existence on earth, let the Quran speak t to clear our bewilderment. But let us not forget that assigning any purpose to man’s creation would automatically destroy all the previous labour of the philosopher expended in proving the life as accidental. And cease to wonder at the quaint sluggishness and peculiar evasive tendency of the materialistic mind. It has always been thus. But only, perhaps now the end appears as near.

PHILO

“So much for the surprising manner in which so far as science can at present inform us, we came into being. And our bewilderment is only increased when we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the purpose of our existence or to force the destiny which fate has in store for our race.

PHILO

(1)      “So much in the surprising manner, so far as science can at present tell us we came into being”.

QURAN

(a)      “Such is their sum of knowledge”.

           (53×30)

(b)      “And of knowledge ye (human beings) have been vouchsafed but little”.

(17×85)

PHILO

(2)      ” Our bewilderment is only increased when we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the purpose of our existence”.

QURAN

“Like one bewildered whom the devils have infatuated in the earth”.

(6×71)

PHILO

(3)  “When we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the bewilderment is only increased”.

QURAN

(a)      “Deemed ye then that We had created you for naught, and that ye would not be returned unto us”.

(23x 115)

(b)      “Have they not pondered upon themselves? Allah created not the heavens and the earth, and that which is between them, save for truth and for a destined end. But truly many of mankind are disbelieves in the meeting with their Lord”.

(30×8)

(c)      “And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them in vain. That is the opinion of those who disbelieve, and woe unto those who disbelieve, form the fire”.

(38×27)

(d)      “We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between in play. If we had wished to find a pastime, We could have found it in our presence, if we ever did. Nay, but We hurl the true against the false, and it doth break its head and lo! It vanisheth. And yours will be woe for that which ye ascribe (unto him)”.

(21×16-18)

PHILO

(4)      “Our bewilderment is only increased, when we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the purpose of our existence”.

QURAN

(a)      “Have they not observed all things that Allah hath created, how their shadows, incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they are lowly. And unto Allah make the prostration whosoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth of living creatures, and the angels (also), and they are not proud. They fear their Lord above them, and do what they are bidden”.

(16×48-50)

(b)”The seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein praise Him, and there is not a thing but Hymneth His praise, but ye understand not their praise. Lo! He is ever clement, forgiving”.

(17×44)

(c)      “There is none in the heavens and the earth but cometh unto the beneficent as a slave. Verily He knoweth them and numbereth them with right numbering”.

(19×93-94)

(d)      “Thinketh man that He is to be left aimless? Was he not a drop of fluid which gushed forth? Then He became a clot; then Allah shaped and fashioned, and made o him a pair the male and the female. Is not (who doeth so) able to bring the dead to life”.

(75×36-40)

(e)      ” He (Allah) direceteth the ordinance from the heaven unto the earth; then it ascendeth unto Him in a day, whereof the measure is a thousand years of that ye reckon”.

(32×5)

(f)       “From Allah, Lord of the ascending stairway (whereby) the angels and the spirit ascend unto him in a day whereof the open is fifty thousand years”.

(70×3-4)

(d)      “Lo! in the creation of heavens and the earth and (in) the difference of night and day are tokens(of His) sovereignty) for men of understanding, such as remember Allah standing, sitting and reclining, and consider the heaven and the earth( and say): Our Lord thou createdst not this in vain. Glory be to thee! Preserve us from the doom of fire. Our Lord! whom thou causest to enter the fire; him indeed hast thou confounded. For evil-doers there will be no helpers. Our Lord! Lo We have heard a crier calling unto faith: “Believe ye in your Lord! So we believed our Lord! Therefore forgive us our evil deeds, and make us die the death of the righteous. Our Lord! And give us that which thou hast promised to us by the messengers. Confound us not on the day of resurrection. Lo! thou breakest not thy trust”.

(3×1901-194)

PHILO

(5)      “Our bewilderment is only increased when we attempt to pass from our origin to an understanding of the purpose of our existence”.

QURAN

(a)      “God hath created life and death that He may try you, which of you is best in conduct; and He is mighty, the forgiving”.

(67×2)

(b)      “Hath appointed darkness and light”.

(6×1)

(c)      “That He may reward those who do evil with that which they have done, and reward those who do good with goodness”.

(53×31)

(d)      “(God) has placed you as viceroys of the earth and hath exalted some of you in rank above others, that He may try you, by (the set of) that which He hath given you”.

(6×165)

(e)      “Had Allah willed He could have made you one community. But that He may try you by threat which He hath given you He hath made you as ye are. So vie with one another in good return, and He will then inform you of that wherein ye differ”.

(5×48)

(f)       “Allah it is who raised up the heavens without visible supports, and mounted the throne, and compelled the sun and the moon to be of service, each runneth upto an appointed them; He ordaineth the course; He detaileth the revolutions, that haply ye may be certain of the meeting with your Lord”.

(13×2)

(g)      “And I have not created the Jinn and men except that they should worship me”.

(51×56)

(h)     “Lo! We offered the trust unto the heavens and the earth, and the hills, but were afraid of it. And man assumed it, Lo1 He hath proved a tyrant and a fool”.

(33×72)

(i)       “Whose is removed from the fire and is made to enter paradise, he indeed is triumphant””.

(3×185)

PHILO

(6)      “Our bewilderment is only increased when we pass from origins to the understanding of the purpose of our existence, or to foresee the destiny which fate has in store for our race”.

PHILO

(7)      “Or the destiny which fate has in store for our race”.

QURAN

(a)      “Everyone that is thereon will pass away. There remaineth but the countenance of thy Lord of might and glory”.

(55×26-27)

(b)      “The angel of death, who has charge concerning you, will gather you, and afterwards unto your Lord ye will be returned”.

(32×11)

(c)      “Every soul must taste of death, and We try you with evil and with good, for ordeal. And unto us ye will be returned”.

(21×35)

(d)      “And the trumpet is blown, and all who are in the heavens and the earth swoon away, save him whom Allah willeth. Then it is blow a second time, and behold them standing waiting: And the earth shineth with the light of Her Lord, and the book is set up, and the prophets and the witnesses are brought, and it is judged between them with truth, and they are not wronged. And each soul is paid in full for what it did. And He is best aware of what they do. And those who disbelieve are driven unto hell in troops, till, when they reach it and the gates thereof are opened, and the warders thereof say unto them: Came thee not unto you messengers of your own, reciting unto you the revelation of your Lord and warning you of the meeting of  this your day? They say: Yea, verily. But the word of doom for disbelievers is fulfilled. It is said (unto them) Enter yet the gates of hell t to dwell therein. Thus helpless is the journey’s end of the scorners. And those who keep their duty to their Lord are driven unto the garden in troops till when they reach it, and the gates thereof are opened, and the warders thereof say unto them: Ye are good, so enter ye (the a garden of delight), to dwell there in: they say: Praise be to Allah, who hath fulfilled His promise unto us and hath made us inherit the land, sojourning in the garden where we will! So beauteous is the wage of workers. And thou seest the angels thronging round the throne Hymning the praises of their Lord. And they are judged aright. And it is said: Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds”.

(39×68-75)

(e)      “And the dwellers of the garden cry unto the dwellers of the fire: We have found that which our Lord promised us (to be) truth. Have ye (too) found that which your Lord promised the truth? They say: Year, verily. And a crier in between them crieth: The curse of Allah is o evil doers, who debar (Men) from the path of Allah and wood have it crooked, and who are disbelievers in the last day”.

(7×44-45)

SECTION (ii) (s)

Life of the kind we know can only exist under suitable conditions of light and heat. We only exist ourselves because the earth receives exactly the right amount of radiation from the sun; upset the balance in either direction of excess or defect and life must disappear from the earth. And the essence of the situation is that the balance is very easily upset.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10)

After having done with the purpose of man’s existence, the philosopher now moves to prove the fraitility of life and its inglorious end. Clearly has argument of the insignificance of life and its accidental nature continues to the end of life on earth. See how keenly he picks at every delicate point, yet how bluntly he ignores the other side. God’s will, however, abounds in the word of the Quran. The laws of nature could not be depreciated, but as far as the question of the end of life on earth is concerned, science of the end of the life on earth is concerned, science perhaps will strain its eyes but will see little.

PHILO

Life of the kind we know can only exist under suitable conditions of light and heat. We only exist ourselves because the earth receives exactly the right amount of radiation from the sun; upset the balance in either direction of excess or defect and life must disappear from the earth. And the essence of the situation is that the balance is very easily upset.

PHILO

(1)      “Life of the kind we know can only exist under suitable conditions of light and heat”.

QURAN

“This is the measuring of the mighty, the wise”.

(36×338)

PHILO

(2)      ” We only exist ourselves because the earth receives exactly the right amount of radiation from the sun.

QURAN

(a)      “See ye not how Allah hath created seven heavens in harmony, and hath made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp? And Allah hath caused you to grow as a growth from the earth”.

(17×15-20)

(b)      “And of His portents are the night and the day, and he sun and the moon, adore not the sun nor the moon; but adore Allah who created them”.

(41×37)

PHILO

(3)      “” We only exist ourselves because the earth receives exactly the right amount of radiation from the sun.

QURAN

“O prophet! Look! We have sent thee as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And a summoner unto Allah by His permission, and as a lamp that giveth light”.

(33×45-46)

PHILO

(4)      We only exist ourselves because the earth receives exactly the right amount of radiation from the sun; upset the balance in either direction of excess or defect and life must disappear from the earth. And the essence of the situation is that the balance is very easily upset.

QURAN

(a)      “Lo! Allah graspeth the heavens and the earth that they deviate not, and if they were to deviate, there is not one that could grasp them after Him”.

(35×41)

(b)      ” Hast thou not seen How Allah hath made all that is in the earth subservient unto you? and the ship runneth upon the sea by His command, and He beholdeth back the heaven from falling on the earth unless by His leave. Lo! Allah is, for mankind, full of pity, Merciful”.

(22×65)

(c)      “And we set a just balance for the day of resurrection so that no soul is wronged in aught. Though it be of the weight of a grain of mustard seed, We bring it. And we suffice for reckoners”.

(21×47)

(d)      “If Allah were to take mankind to task for their wrong doing, we would not leave hereon a living creature, but He reprieveth them to an appointed term, and when their term cometh they cannot put (it) off an hour, nor (yet) advance (it)”.

(16×61)

PHILO

(5)      “And the essence of the situation is, that the balance is easily upset”.

QURAN

“The similititudes of the life of the world is only as water which we send down from the sky, then the earth’s growth of that which men and a cattle eat mingleth with it till, when the earth hath taken on her armaments and is embellished, and her people deem that they are masters of her, our commandment cometh by night or by day and we make it as reaped corn as if it had not flourished yesterday. Thus do we expound revelations for people who reflect”.

SECTION (ii) (t)

“Primitive man living in the temperate zone of the earth, must have watched he ice-age, descending on his home with something like terror; each year the glaciers came farther down into other valleys; each winter the sun seemed less able to provide the worth needed for life. To him as to us the universe must have seemed hostile to life.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10)

This again is an example to prove the universe as hostile to life, and POST HOC ERGO PROPTER HOC the universe could not have been created for life. Read the views of the Quran on this point.

“Primitive man living in the temperate zone of the earth, must have watched he ice-age, descending on his home with something like terror; each year the glaciers came farther down into other valleys; each winter the sun seemed less able to provide the worth needed for life. To him as to us the universe must have seemed hostile to life.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10)

QURAN

(a)      “There are the people who have passed away. Their’s is that which they have earned, and your’s is that which ye earn. And ye will not be asked of what they used to do”.

(2×134)

(b)      ” We know those among you who go before; and we know who stay behind. Thy Lord will gather them together on the day of judgement”.

(15×24-25)

SECTION (ii) (u)

We of these later days, living in the narrow temperate zone surrounding our sun and peering into other far future, see an ice-age of a different kind threatening us. Just as Tantalus standing in a lake so deep that he only just escaped drowning, was yet destined to die of thirst, so it is the tragedy of our race that it is probably destined to die, of cold, while the greater part of the substance of the universe still remains too hot for life to obtain a footing. The sun, having no extraneous supply of heat, must necessarily emit over less and less of its life-giving radiation, and as it does so, the temperate zone of space, within which alone life can exist, must closed in around it. To remain a possible abode of life, our earth would need to move in ever nearer and nearer to the dying sun. Yet, science tells us that, so far from its moving inwards inexorable dynamical laws are even now driving it, ever farther away from the sun into the outer cold and darkness. And, so far as we can see, they must continue to do so until life is frozen off the earth, unless indeed some celestial collision or cataclysm intervenes to destroy life even earlier by a more speedy death. This prospective fate is not peculiar to our earth, other suns must die like our own, and any life there may be an other planets must meet the same inglorious end.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10-11)

The philosopher compares the anticipated heat-death of universe to the ice-deluge of the ancient times. The facts of science cited might appear quite sound, yet it is a question which is very difficult to answer. Allah alone could know the fact. Sir James Jeans wrote these words in 1930. In 1945 that is within a period of mere 15 years, a kind of a deluge appeared to threaten the existence of life on earth that out shadowed the view of heat-death. Every one knows the nature of this deluge. This is the deluge of atomic fire that may consume this mankind any moment and would spare no one. The Quran has predicted, described and characterized this deluged and assigned causes to its appearance. Tantalus is a figure of Greek myth. He is said to have been condemned to remain throat-deep in a lake, with fruit -trees over-handing; but so often as he stretched his hand, the branches rose higher, and when he stooped to drink, the water sank lower and lower .The point of interest is that the Quran has described a Tantalus to the amazement of mankind. My misfortune in this age of knowledge is that I have to tell everybody, everytime, that all these discoveries from the Quran are my won, by the Grace of Almighty Allah and known to none else. Read, however, what the Quran has to say to the philosopher.

We of these later days, living in the narrow temperate zone surrounding our sun and peering into other far future, see an ice-age of a different kind threatening us. Just as Tantalus standing in a lake so deep that he only just escaped drowning, was yet destined to die of thirst, so it is the tragedy of our race that it is probably destined to die, of cold, while the greater part of the substance of the universe still remains too hot for life to obtain a footing. The sun, having no extraneous supply of heat, must necessarily emit over less and less of its life-giving radiation, and as it does so, the temperate zone of space, within which alone life can exist, must closed in around it. To remain a possible abode of life, our earth would need to move in ever nearer and nearer to the dying sun. Yet, science tells us that, so far from its moving inwards inexorable dynamical laws are even now driving it, ever farther away from the sun into the outer cold and darkness. And, so far as we can see, they must continue to do so until life is frozen off the earth, unless indeed some celestial collision or cataclysm intervenes to destroy life even earlier by a more speedy death. This prospective fate is not peculiar to our earth, other suns must die like our own, and any life there may be an other planets must meet the same inglorious end.

PHILO

(1)      “We of these later days, living in the narrow temperate zone surrounding our sun and peering into other far future, see an ice-age of a different kind threatening us.

PHILO

(2)      “Peeping into the far future”.

QURAN

“Lo! they behold it after off, while we behold it night”.

(70×6-7)

PHILO

(3)      “We see an ice-age of a different kind threatening us”.

QURAN

(a)      “Nay, but verily they will be cast into Al-Hotama (the atomic hell)”.

                    (104×4)

“Woe unto every back-biter, defamer who amasseth wealth (of this world) and arrangeth it (against the future) He thinketh that his wealth will render him immortal. Nay, but verily he will be flung into Al-Hotama. And what could teach thee what Al-Hotama is? It is fire of Allah kindled which leapeth up onto the hearts. It is (a fire) closed in on them in outstretched columns”(24-a).

(104×1-9)

————————————————————

(24-a) A logical end of continuos, systematic, and infinite process of wealth accumulation resulting from the philosophy of Baconian atomism

——————————————————–

(b)      “When their apostles came unto them with evident proofs (of their mission and God’s sovereignty), they rejoiced in the knowledge which was with the, but that which they mocked at encompassed them”.

(40×83)

PHILO

(4)      ” Just as Tantalus (25) standing in a lake so deep that he only just escaped downing, was yet destined to die of thirst, so it is the tragedy of our race”.

PHILO

(5)      “Tantalus”.

QURAN

“One who stretcheth forth his hands towards water (asking) that it may come unto his mouth, and it will never reach it”.

(13×14)

———————————————————-

  1. Tantalus is a figure of Greek Mythology. He is fabled a son of Zeus condemned in Tartarus t to stand up to chin in water, branches of fruit trees hanging over his head. But so often as he would stoop to quench his thirst, the water would recede, and whenever he stretched his hand upwards towards the fruits, the branch should rise higher and higher away from him. But wonder how accurately the Quran has defined tantalus.

———————————————–

“Unto Allah is the real prayer. Those unto whom they pray besides Allah respond to them not at all, save as (is the response to) one who stretcheth forth his hands towards water (asking) that it may come unto his mouth, and it will never reach it. The pray of disbelievers goeth far astray”.

(13×14)

PHILO

(6)      “Celestial collision and cataclysm”.

QURAN

(a)      “When the earth will be shaken by an earthquake; and the earth shall cast forth its burdens; and a ma shall say, what aileth her? On that day (the earth) shall declare her tidings, for thy Lord will inspire her”.

(99×1-8)

(b)      “When the incident befalleth. There is no denying that it will befall .Abasing (some) , exalting (others); when the earth is shaken with shock, and the hills are ground to powder, so that they become scattered dust; and ye will be three kinds”.

(56×1-7)

(c)      “And when the trumpet shall sound one blast and the earth with the mountains shall be lifted up and crushed with one crash. Then on that day the event will befall. And the heaven will split as asunder, for that day it will be frail”.

(69×13-37)

(d)      “And the trumpet is blown, and all who are in the heavens and the earth swoon away, save him whom Allah willeth. Then it is blown second time, and behold them standing waiting! And the earth, shineth with the light of Her Lord, and the book is set up”.

(39×68-69)

SECTION (ii) (v)

Physics tells the same story, as Astronomy, for independently of all astronomical considerations the general physical principle known as the second law of thermodynamics predicts that there can be but one end, to the universe- a “Heat Death” in which the total energy of the universe is uniformly distributed, and all the substance of the universe is at the same temperature. This temperature is going to be so low as to make life impossible. It matters little by what particular road this final state is reached; all roads lead to Rome, and the end of the journey cannot be other than universal death.

(The Mysterious Universe page 11)

Whether through heat-death or in some other way, the end of life on earth is certain. The thing which matters is the intent behind the argument of the philosopher, and the style of Quran’s answer.

PHILO

Physics tells the same story, as Astronomy, for independently of all astronomical considerations the general physical principle known as the second law of thermodynamics predicts that there can be but one end, to the universe- a “Heat Death” in which the total energy of the universe is uniformly distributed, and all the substance of the universe is at the same temperature. This temperature is going to be so low as to make life impossible. It matters little by what particular road this final state is reached; all roads lead to Rome, and the end of the journey cannot be other than universal death.

(The Mysterious Universe page 11)

PHILO

(1)      “Heat death”.

QURAN

“When the sun shall be folded up, and when the stars shall fall, and when the mountains shall be made to pass away”.

(81×1-22)

PHILO

(2)      “It matters little by what particular road this final state is reached; all roads lead to Rome, and the end of the journey cannot be other than universal death.

QURAN

“Every one that is thereon will pass away; there remaineth but the countenance of thy Lord of Might and Glory”

(55×26-27)

SECTION (ii) (w)

Is this, then, all that life amounts to — to stumble, almost by mistake, into a universe which was clearly not designed for life, and which, to all appearance, is either totally indifference or definitely hostile to it, to stay clinging onto a fragment of a grain of sand until we are frozen off, to strut our tiny hour on our tiny stage with the knowledge that our aspirations are all doomed to final frustration, and that our achievements must perish with our race, leaving the universe as though we had never been?

(The Mysterious Universe page 11-12)

The description of life by the philosopher is most correct. But it has to be discerned that he has assumed the end of life on earth as final without any illusion to resurrection. But according to the Quran resurrection is a certainty. Achievements thus will not perish with the end of life on earth, as the philosopher has assumed, but rather the deeds will be rewarded on the day of judgment-after which an eternal life will begin.

“Is this, then, all that life amounts to — to stumble, almost by mistake, into a universe which was clearly not designed for life, and which, to all appearance, is either totally indifference or definitely hostile to it, to stay clinging onto a fragment of a grain of sand until we are frozen off, to strut our tiny hour on our tiny stage with the knowledge that our aspirations are all doomed to final frustration, and that our achievements must perish with our race, leaving the universe as though we had never been?”.

PHILO

(1)      “Is then, all the life amounts to”.

QURAN

(a)      Know ye that this world’s life is only a sport, and pastime, and show, and a cause of vainglory among you! and the multiplying of riches and children is like the plants which spring up after rain—-Their growth rejoiceth the husband man, then they wither away, and thou seest themall yellow; then they become dry stumble. And in the next life is a severe chastisement, or else pardon from God and His satisfaction, and this world’s life is but a cheating fruition. Vie in hasting after pardon from your Lord, and paradise-whose outspread is as the outspread of the heaven and of the earth” prepared is it for those who believe in God and His apostles: Such is the bounty of God”.

(57×20-21)

(b)      “Give good tidings unto those who believe and do good works, that theirs are gardens, uderneath which rivers flow……there for ever they abide”.

(2×25)

(c)      ” But they who disbelieve, and deny our relations, such are rightful owners of fire. They will abide therein (for ever),

(2×39)

PHILO

(2)      “To stumble, almost by mistake, into a universe which was clearly not designed for life, and which, to all appearance, is either totally indifference or definitely hostile to it, to stay clinging onto a fragment of a grain of sand until we are frozen off, to strut our tiny hour on our tiny stage”.

QURAN

(a)      “On the day when the hour riseth, the guilty will vow they did tarry but an hour- thus were they deceived. But those to whom knowledge and faith are given will say: the truth is ye have tarried but Allah’s decree, until the day of resurrection, but ye used not to know”.

(30×55-56)

(b)      ” (God) will say: How long tarried ye in the earth, counting by years? They will say: We tried but a day or a day or a part of a day. Ask of those who keep count! (God) will say: Ye tarried but a little if ye only knew”.

(23×112-114)

PHILO

(3)      “Toto strut our tiny hour on our tiny stage with the knowledge that our aspirations are all doomed to final frustration.

QURAN

“This world’s life is but a cheating fruition, vie in hasting after pardon from your Lord; and paradise-whose out-spread is as the outspread of the heavens and the earth. Prepared is it for those who believe in God and His apostles. Such is the bounty of God”. (Quran 57×20-21)

PHILO

(4)      “And that our achievements must perish with our race”.

QURAN

(a)      “Shall we inform you who will be the greatest losers by their works? Those whose effort goeth astray in the life of the world, and yet they reckon that they do good works. Those are they who disbelieve in the revelations of their Lord and in the meeting with Him. Therefore their works are in vain, and on the day of resurrection We assign no weight to them. That is their reward: Hell, because they disbelieved, and made a jest of our messengers”.

(18×103-106)

(b)      “A similitude of those who disbelieve in their Lord. Their works are as ashes which the wind bloweth hard upon a stormy day. They have no control of aught that they have earned. That is the extreme failure”.

(14×18)

(c)      “Lo! Those who expect not the meeting with Us, but desire the life of the world and feel secure therein, and those who are neglectful of Our revelations, their home will be the fire because of what they used to earn”.

(10×7-8)

(d)      “But (as for) those who believe and do good works–We tax not any soul beyond its scope-such are rightful owners of the garden (in the next world)”.

(7×42)

(e)      “Those who believe and do right: Joy is for them, and bliss (their) journey’s end”.

(13×29)

PHILO

(5)      “And that our achievements must perish with our race, leaving the universe as though we had never been”.

QURAN

(a)      “They say : (There) is no (Other life), except our present life: We die and we live; and nothing but time destroyeth us. But they have no knowledge in this (matter) ; they only follow a (vain) opinion. And when our evident signs are rehearsed unto them, their argument (which they offer against the same) is no other than that they say: bring to life our fathers (who have been dead); if ye speak truth. Say: God giveth you life; and afterwards causeth you to die; hereafter will He assemble you, together on the day of resurrection; there is no doubt thereof; but the greater part of men do not understand”.

(45×24-26)

(b)      ” And when the trumpet shall sound one blast, and the earth with the mountains shall be lifted up and crushed with one crash.  Then, on that day will the event befall. And the heaven will split as under, for that day it will be frail. And the angels will be on the sides thereof, and eight will uphold the throne of their lord that day, above them. On that day ye will be exposed; as for him who is given his record in his right hand; he will say: Take, read my book! Surely I knew that I should have to meet my reckoning. Then he will be in a blissful state. In high garden whereof the clusters are in easy reach. (And it will be said unto those therein eat and drink at lease for that which ye sent on before you in past days. But as for him who is given his record in left hand, he will say: Oh, would that I had not been given my book, and knew not what my reckoning! oh would that it had been death! My wealth hath not availed me, y power hath gone from me, (it will be said) take him and fetter hi, and then expose him to hell-fire, and then insert him in a chain whereof the length is seventy cubits. Lo! He used not to believe in Allah; the tremendous, and urged not on the feeding of the wretched. Therefore, hath he no lover here this day. Nor any old save filth, which none but sinners eat”.

(69×13-37)

PHILO

(6)      “As thought we had never been”.

QURAN

“A terrible noise (from heaven) assailed those who had acted unjustly; and in the morning they were found in their houses, lying (dead and) prostrate, “as though they had never dwelt therein”. Did not thamud disbelieve in their lord Was not Tahamud (cast) far away”.

(11×67-68)

PHILO

(7)      ” As though we had never been”.

QURAN

(a)      ” A terrible noise (from heaven) assailed those who had acted unjustly; and in the morning they were found in their hoses lying (dead and) prostrate, “as though they had never dwelt therein”. Was not median removed from the earth as Thamud had been removed 26″.

————————————————————–

  1. A blinding heat-flash and a terrible blast assailed them from heaven and those who had sought dominion over nature as God’s for martial benefit were found with their bodies burned and mangled in heaps under the hails of atomic bombs. This might be the report of a survior of the atomic holocaust.

—————————————————————

(b)      “Allah will raise those who are in the graves (26-a)”.

           (22×7)

(c)      “And Allah made them (wrong-doers) taste humiliation in the life of the world, and verily the doom of the hereafter will be greater if they did but know”.

(d)      “O man what hath misled thee against thy generous Lord who created thee and moulded thee and shaped thee aright? In the form which pleased Him hath He fashioned thee. Even so; but they treat the judgments a lie. Yet truly there are guardians, over your-illustrious recorders-cognizant of your actions surely amid delights (shall) the righteous (dwell), but verily the impure in hell-fire, they shall be burned at on the day of doom, and they shall not be able to hide themselves from it. Who shall teach thee what the day of doom, is? Once more. Who shall teach thee what the day of doom is> It is a day when one soul shall be powerless for another soul: All sovereignty on that day shall be with God”.

(82×6-19)

——————————————————-

(26-a) The statement of the philosopher purports final finish of life on earth without any further development. The Quran apprises him of the events after death. Raising of the dead and judgment. Reward and punishment.

———————————————————–

PHILO

(8)      “As though we had never been”.

QURAN

(a)      ” The similitude of the little of the world is only as water which we send down from the sky, then the earth’s growth of that which men and cattle eat mingleth with it till, when the earth hath taken her ornaments and is embellished, and her people deem that they are masters of her, or commandment cometh by night or by day and we make it as reaped corn as if it had not flourished yesterday.  Thus do we expound the revelations for people who reflect”.

(10×24)

(b)      “Allah will raise the dead who are in the graves”.

(22×7)

SECTION (ii) (x)

“Astronomy suggests the question, but it is, I think, mainly to physics that we must turn for an answer. For Astronomy can tell us of the present arrangement of the universe, of the vastness and vacuity of space, and of our own insignificance therein, it can even tell us some thing as to the nature f the changes produced by the passage of time. But we must probe deep into the fundamental nature of things before we can expect to find the answer to our question. And this is not the province of Astronomy, rather we shall find that our quest takes us right into the heart of modern physical science”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 12)

Neither astronomy, nor the physical science could be expected to give the answer to such a question with any exactitude, certitude or variety. Let men rather prepare themselves for that which is after the end of this life. Let t the scientists now forget about this life every thing except the atomic hell. Let them try to control the atomic fire and save this world if they can. Theoretically they make guesses at the manner of the final end of life on earth in a space of millions of years, and practically they built atomic bombs and missiles.

PHILO

Astronomy suggests the question, but it is, I think, mainly to physics that we must turn for an answer. For Astronomy can tell us of the present arrangement of the universe, of the vastness and vacuity of space, and of our own insignificance therein, it can even tell us some thing as to the nature f the changes produced by the passage of time. But we must probe deep into the fundamental nature of things before we can expect to find the answer to our question. And this is not the province of Astronomy, rather we shall find that our quest takes us right into the heart of modern physical science”.

(The Mysterious Universe page 12)

PHILO

(1)      “Astronomy suggests the question, but it is, I think, mainly to physics that we must turn for an answer. (About the end of life on earth).

QURAN

(a)      “This Quran guideth unto that which is straightest”.

(17×9)

(b)      ” Relation of the wise scripture. A guidance and a mercy for the good”.

(31×2-3)

PHILO

(2)      “For astronomy can tell us of the present arrangement of the universe of the vastness and vacuity of space, and our own insignificance therein; it can tell us something as to the acute of the changes produced by the passage of time”.

QURAN

(a)      “By the (passage of ) time, verily man is in a state of loss, except those who believe, and do that which is right, and (who) mutually recommend the truth, and mutually recommend perseverance unto each other”.

(103×1-3)

(b)      “Verily we have coined for mankind in this Quran all kinds of similitude that haply they may reflect”.

(39×27)

PHILO

(3)      “But we must probe deep into the fundamental nature of things before we can expect to find the answer to our question”. (About the end of life on earth)

QURAN

(a)      ” Consider whatever is in heaven and on the earth. But signs are of no avail, neither preachers unto people who will not believe”.

(10×101)

(b)      ” Have they not considered the dominion of the heavens and the earth and what things Allah hath created, and that it may be that their own end draweth nigh. In what fact after this they will believe?”.

(7×185)

PHILO

(4)      “And this is not the province of astronomy; rather we shall find that our quest takes us right into the heart of modern physical science”.

QURAN

(a)      ” Of knowledge ye have been vouchsafed but little”.

(17×85)

(b)      “Will they not meditate on the Quran. Or are there locks on their hearts?”.

(47x 24)

(c)      “This is a blessed scripture which we have revealed. So follow it and ward off (evil) that ye may find mercy”.

(6×155)

PHILO

(5)      “Rather we shall find that our quest takes us right into the heart of modern physical science to find the answer to our question (about the end of life on earth)”.

QURAN

(a)      ” Lo! Allah! With Him is the knowledge of the hour”.

(31×34)

(b)      “Unto Him is refereed (all) knowledge of the hour”.

           (41×47)

(c)      “Lo the hour is surely coming, but I will to keep it hidden”.

           (20×15)

(d)      ” The calamity! What is the calamity? Ah, what will convey unto thee what the calamity is! A day wherein mankind will be as thickly scattered moths. And the moutons shall become like flocks of carded wool of various colours (26-b)”.

(101×1-5)

————————————————————

(26-b) It means that science has no decisive answer neither to the beginning nor to the end of life. And as to the purpose of man’s existence it is dumb. To things spiritual or to the maters after death it is completely insensible.

SECTION-(ii) (y)

The Philosopher recants his former views before the Quran:-

Philosopher’s former views:-

“Standing on our microscopic fragment of a grain of sand, we attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe which surrounds our home in space, and time. Our first impression is something akin to terror. We find the universe terrifying because of its fast meaningless distances, terrifying because of its inconceivable long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye, terrifying because of its inconceivably long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye, terrifying because of our existence loneliness, and because of the material insignificance of our home in space — a millionth part of a grain of sand out of all the sea-sand in the world.

(The Mysteries Universe page 2-3)

PHILO’S CORRECTED VIEWS

(1)      It is probably unnecessary to add that, on this view of things, the apparent vastness and emptiness of the universe, and our own insignificant size there-in, need cause us neither bewilderment nor concern. We are not terrified by the sizes of the structures which our own thoughts create, nor by those that others imagine and describe to us. In DUMAURIER’S story, PETER IBBESTON ad the DUCHESS of towers continued to build vast dream places and dream gardens of ever-increasing size, but felt no terror at the size of their mental creations. The immensity of the universe becomes a matter of satisfaction rather than awe, we are citizens of no mean city. Again, we need not puzzle over the finitness of space. We fell no curiosity as to what lies beyond the four walls which bound, our vision in a dream”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 131-32)

QURAN

(a)      ‘ Peace be upon you! Your Lord hath laid down for himself a law of mercy; so that if anyone of you commit a fault through ignorance, and afterwards turn and amend, He surely will be gracious, merciful”.

          (6×54)

PHILO

(2)      “It is the same with time, which like space, we must think of as of finite extent. As we trace the stream of time backwards, we encounter many indications that, after a long enough journey, we must come to its source, a time before which the present universe did not exist. Nature frowns upon perpetual motion machines, and it is a priori very unlikely that her universe will provide an example, on the grand scale, of the mechanism, she abhor. Add a detailed consideration of nature confirms this. The he science of thermodynamics explains how every thing in nature passes to its final state by a process which is designated the increase of entropy. Entropy must for ever increase, it cannot standstill until it has increased so far that it can increase no further. When this stage is reached, further progress will be impossible, and the universe will be dead. Thus, unless this whole branch of science is wrong, nature perform its herself, quite literally only two alternatives, progress and death, the only standing still she permits is in the stillness of grave”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 132)

QURAN

“He hath created the heavens and the earth with truth .He maketh night to succeed day, and He maketh day to succeed night, and He constraineth the sun and the moon to give service, each running for an appointed term. Is not He the Mighty, the Forgiver”.

          (39×5)

SECTION (ii) (z)

THE PHILO’S FORMER VIEWS AND HIS ALTERED VIEWS

(1)PHILO’S FORMER VIEWS:-

(a)

“”Standing on our microscopic fragment of a grain of sand, we attempt to discover the nature and purpose of the universe which surrounds our home in space, and time. Our first impression is something akin to terror. We find the universe terrifying because of its fast meaningless distances, terrifying because of its inconceivable long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye, terrifying because of its inconceivably long vistas of time which dwarf human history to the twinkling of an eye, terrifying because of our existence loneliness, and because of the material insignificance of our home in space — a millionth part of a grain of sand out of all the sea-sand in the world. But above all else we find the universe terrifying, because it appears to be indifferent to life like our own; emotion, ambition and achievement, art and religion all seem equally foreign to its plan. Perhaps indeed we ought to say it appears to be actually hostile to life like our own For the most part, empty space is so cold that all life in it would be frozen, most of the matter in space is so hot as to make life on it impossible, space is traversed, and astronomical bodies continually bombarded by radiation of a variety of kinds, much of which is inimical to, or even destructive of life”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 3)

(b)      Into such a universe we have stumbled, if not exactly by mistake, at least as a result of what may properly be described as an accident

(The Mysterious Universe page 3)

(c)      It seems incredible that the universe can have been designed primarily to produce life like our won; had been so surely we might have expected to find a better proportion between the magnitude of the mechanism and the amount of the product.

(The Mysterious Universe page 5)

(d)      If however we dismiss every trace of anthropomorphism from our minds there remains no reason for supposing that the present laws were specially selected in order to produce life. They are just as likely, for instance, to have been selected in order to produce magnetism or radioactivity indeed more likely, since to all appearance physics plays an incomparably greater part in the universe than Biology. Viewed from a strictly material stand-point, the utter insignificance of life would seem to go far towards dispelling any idea that it forms a special interest of the great architect of the Universe.

(The Mysterious Universe page 9)

(e)      An un-imaginative sailor accustomed to tying knots might think it would be impossible to cross the ocean if tying knots were impossible. Now the capacity for tying knots is limited to space of three dimensions, no knot can be tied in a space of 1; 2; 4; 5 or any other number of dimensions. From this fact our unimaginative sailor might reason that a beneficent Creator must have had sailors under his special patronage; and have chosen that space should have three dimensions in order that tying knots and crossing the ocean should be possibilities in the universe he had created —in brief space was of three dimensions, so that there could be sailors.

(The Mysterious Universe page 9)

(f)       Our bewilderment is only increased when we attempt to pass from our origins to an understanding of the purpose of our existence or to force the destiny which fate has in store for our race.

(The Mysterious Universe page 10)

(g)      Is this, then, all that life amounts to — to stumble, almost by mistake, into a universe which was clearly not designed for life, and which, to all appearance, is either totally indifference or definitely hostile to it, to stay clinging onto a fragment of a grain of sand until we are frozen off, to strut our tiny hour on our tiny stage with the knowledge that our aspirations are all doomed to final frustration, and that our achievements must perish with our race, leaving the universe as though we had never been?

(The Mysterious Universe page 11-12)

(2) PHILO’S REVELATIONS CONFESSIONS COMPLAINTS DISAPPOINTMENTS AND HIS CONCLUSION

REVELATION OF THE PHILO:-

“The essential fact is simply that (all) the pictures which science now draws of nature, and which alone seem capable of according with observational fact, are mathematical pictures. Most scientists would agree that they are nothing more than pictures ——fictions if you like, if by fiction you mean that science is not yet in contact with ultimate reality. Many would hold that, from the broad philosophical standpoint the outstanding achievement of twentieth-century physics is a not the theory of relativity with its welding together of space and time, or the theory of quanta with its present apparent generation of the laws of causation, or the dissection f the atom with the resultant discovery that things are not what they seem; it is the general recognition that we are not yet in contact with ultimate reality. To speak in terms of Plato’s well known simile, we are still imprisoned in our cave, with our backs to the light, and can only watch the shadows on the wall.
(The Mysterious universe page 111)

QURAN

“Of knowledge ye (O Humans) have bee vouchsafed but little”.

          (17X85)

CONFESSION OF THE PHILOSOPHER

          “When we try to discover the nature of the reality behind the shadows, we are confronted with the fact that all discussion of the ultimate nature of things must necessarily be barren unless we are some extraneous standards against which to compare them. For this reason, to borrow Locks’s phrase “ the real essence of substances” is for ever UNKNOWABLE, We can only progress by discussing the laws which govern the changes of substances, and so produce the phenomena of the external world. Those we can compare with the abstract creations of our own minds”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 114-115)

QURAN

“The spirit is by common of my Lord, and of knowledge ye (O Humans) have been vouchsafed but little”.

          (17×85)

COMPLAINT OF THE PHILOSOPHER

          “A hundred years ago, when scientists were trying to interpret the world mechanically no wise man came forward to an assure them that the mechanical view was found to prove a misfit in the end- that the phenomena universe would never make sense until it was projected on to a screen of pure mathematics; had they brought forward a convincing argument to this effect, science might have been saved much fruitless labour. If the philosopher now says” What you have found is nothing new: I could have told you that it must be so all the time; the scientist may reasonably inquire “Why, then, did you not tell us so, when we should have found the information of real value?”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 117)

QURAN

(a)      “And when their messengers brought them clear proofs, they exulted in their knowledge they (themselves) possessed. And that which they were wont to mock befell them. Then, when they saw our doom, they said: We believe in Allah only and reject (all) that we used to associate (with him. But their faith could not avail them when they saw our doom. This is Allah’s law which hath ever taken course for His bondsmen. And then the disbelieves will be ruined”.

          (40×83-85)

(b)      “And when our revelations are recited unto him he turneth away in his pride as if he heard them not, as if there were a deafness in his ears. So give him tidings of a painful doom”.

          (31×6-7)

(c)      “And who erreth more widely (from the truth) that he who followeth his own desire, without a direction from God? Verily God directeth not the unjust people”.

(28×48-50)

(d)      “And this is a blessed scripture (Quran) which we have revealed. So follow it award off evil, that ye might find mercy. Lest ye should say: The scripture say: The scripture was revealed only to two sects therefore us, and we in sooth were unaware of what they read. Or least ye should say: If the scripture had been revealed unto us, we surely had been better guided than are they: Now surely hath there come unto you a clear proof from your Lord, a guidance and a mercy; and who doeth greater wrong than he who denieth the revelations of Allah, and turneth away from them? We award unto those who turn away from our revelations an evil doom because of their aversion .Wait they, indeed for nothing less than that the angels should come unto them, or the Lord should come, or threshold come one of the portents from thy Lord? In the day when one of the portents of Thy Lord cometh, its belief availeth not a soul which therefore believed not, nor in its belief earned good (by works). Say: Wait ye! Lo! We (too) are waiting”.

          (6×155-158)

(e)      “Woe unto every backbiter, defamer, who amasseth wealth (of this world) and arrangeth it (against the future).He thinketh that his wealth will render him immortal. Nay, for verily he will be cast into Al-Hotama (the atomic hell) .And what could teach thee what Allah-Hotama is? It is fire of Allah kindled which leapeth up onto the hearts. It is (a fire) closed in on them in outstretched columns”.

          (104×1-9)

DISAPPOINTMENTS OF THE PHILOSOPHER

“It is too often overlooked that we can only discuss these questions in terms of probabilities. The man of science is accustomed to the reproach that he changes his views all the time, with the accompanying implication that what he says need not be taken too seriously. It is no true reproach that in exploring the river of knowledge, he occasionally goes down a back-water instead of continuing along the main stream; no explorer can be sure that a backbiters is such, and nothing more, until he has been down it. What is more serious, and beyond the control of the explorer, is that the river is a winding one, flowing now east now west. At one moment the explorer says. “I am going down stream, and as I am going towards the west, the ocean which is reality seems most likely to lie in the westerly direction”. And later, when the river has turned east, he says “It now looks as though reality is in the east”. Mo scientist who has lived through the last thirty years is likely to be too dogmatic either as to the future course of the stream or as to the direction in which reality lies; he knows from his own experience how the river not only for refer broadens but also repeatedly winds, and after many disappointments, he has given us thinking at every turn that he is at last in the presence of the “Murmurs and scents of the infinities”.

          With this caution in mind, it seems at least safe to say that the river of knowledge has made a sharp bend in the last few years”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 135-136)

QRUAN

“This Quran guideth unto that which is straightest”.

          (17×9)

PHILOSOPHER’S CONCLUSION:- CONFESSIONS ND PRONOUNCEMENT:-

“Thirty years ago (27) we thought or assumed, that we were heading towards as ultimate reality of a mechanical kind. It seemed to consist of a fortuitous jumble of atoms, which was destined to perform meaningless dances for a time under the action of blind purposeless forces, and then fall back to form a dead world. Into this wholly mechanical world through the play of the same blind forces, life had stumbled by accident. One tiny corner at least, and possibly several tiny corners of this universe of atoms had changed to become conscious for a time,(28) but was destined in the end, still under the action of blind mechanical forces, to be foreseen out, and again leave a lifeless world.

          Today there is a wide measure of agreement, which on the physical side of science approaches almost to unanimity, that the stream of knowledge is heading towards a non-mechanical reality; the universe begins too look more like a great thought than like a great machine. Mind no longer appears as an accidental intruder into the realm of matter; we are beginning to suspect that we ought rather to hail it as the creator and the governor of the realm of matter-not of course our individual minds, but the mind in which the atoms out of which our individual minds have grown exist as thoughts.

          The new knowledge compels us to revise our hasty first impressions that we had stumbled into a universe which either did not concern itself with life or was actively hostile to life. The old dualism of mind and matter, which was mainly responsible for the supposed hostility, seems likely to disappear, not through matter becoming in any way more shadowy or insubstantial than heretofore, or through mind becoming resolved into a function of the working of matter, but through substantial matter resolving itself into a creation and manifestation of mind. We discover that the universe shows evidence of designing or controlling power that has something in common with our own individual minds—not, so far as we have discovered emotion, morality, or aesthetic appreciation, but tendency to think in the way which for the want of a better word, we describe as mathematical. And while much in it may be hostile to the material appendages of life, much also is akin to the fundamental activities of life; we are not so much strangers or intruders in the universe as we at first thought. Those inert atoms in the primeval slime which first began to overshadow the attributes of life were putting themselves more and not less, in accord with the fundamental nature of the universe.

          So at least we are tempted to conjecture today, and yet who knows how many more times the stream of knowledge may turn on it self? And with this reflection before us, we may well concluded by adding, what might well have been interlined into every paragraph, that everything that has-been said, and every conclusion that has  been tentatively put forward, is quite frankly speculative and uncertain. We have tried whether present day science has anything to say on certain difficult questions, which are perhaps set for ever beyond the reach of human understanding. We cannot claim to have discerned more than a very faint glimmer of light at the best, perhaps it was wholly illusory, for certainly We had to strain our eyes every hard to see anything all. So that our man contention can hardly be, that the science today has a pronouncement to make, perhaps it ought rather to be that science should leave off making pronouncements; t he river of knowledge has too often turned back on itself”.

          (The Mysterious Universe page 136-138)

QURAN

(a)      “They are like one who kindleth afire(29) and when it hath thrown its light on all around him……..God taketh away their light ndleaveth them in darkness-they cannot see—deaf, dumb, blind: Therefore they shall not retrace their steps (former error); for like (those who when there cometh a storm cloud out of the heaven, big with darkness, thunder and lightening, thrust their fingers into their ears because of the thunderclap, for fear of death! God is round about the infidels. The lightening almost snatcheth away their eyes. So oft as it glaeameth at them they walk on in it, but when darkness closeth upon them, they stop! and if God pleased, of their ears and of their eyes would He surely deprive them—verily God is Al-Mighty, O, man adore your Lord, who hath created you and those who were before you. Haply ye will fear Him”.

          (2×17-21)

(b)      “And they have no knowledge hereof. They follow but agues. And Lo! a guess can never take the place of truth”.

          (53×28)

(c)      “As for those who strive in, Us, We may surely, guide them to our paths, and Lo! Allah is with the e good”.

          (29×69)

(d)      “ A.L.M. This is a scripture where of there is no doubt, a guidance unto those who ward off (evil)”.

          (2×1-2)

————————————————————————

27; This is in 1900

—————————————-

  1. Like the stone of that becomes conscious suddenly in its flight in air. The Philo, however, has linked consciousness and life, and death and insensibility together.

——————————————————————-

29 You have read the narrative of Sir Jeans about the ever-changing course of the research in modern science. Read Now Quran’s description of it and see if a better one could be expected.

———————————————————————–

 

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