Lucippus the originator, and, Democritus the developer and introducer of the atomic theory were both atheists. This odious association with the name of these founders of atomism offered a great set back to the theory. Apart from the atheism of its founders, the theory is in fact the mother of atheism. It implies negation of design, plan, purpose, resurrection, judgement, trial, and divine government of the world. Its atheistic nature was not unknown to the people of those times in which it was advanced. The sect of Epicureans adopted this theory purely and purposely for its atheistic aspect. Plato, Aristotle and all the great contemporary thinkers of Greece opposed and condemned such a theory. Their influence being considerable their opposition proved to be an effective check on atomism. Yet it was reserved for a scripture, namely the Quran to describe the modern atomism and to give it out as the cause, and to infer from it the appearance of atomic hell that is the atomic bombs and atomic radiations, describing the characteristics of atomic phenomenon, and warning the mankind against such a danger at a time that is in 7th century A.D. When neither a trace of ancient atomism existed in the world, nor there was any apparent possibility of its revival in the world in any successive age. We will here discuss the doctrinal implications of theory of ancient atomism.
d The views of early Greek atomism were:-
“Atoms move about in all directions in a fortuitous concourse in an otherwise empty space”.
This notion implies a negation of design, divine government of the world, purpose of creation, trial of man on earth. These negations further imply the negation of the necessity of resurrection, judgement and life in heaven.
Q “Atoms are indivisible and indestructible”.
This view implies the eternity of this material universe, and hence excludes any possibility of resurrection.
Q “The motion of atoms persist until checked presumably in collision with another atom since the theory denies any other cause”.
This again appears to be an attempt to refute the idea of divine agency. since Aristotle’s view was that the hand of divine power was necessary to push the things to keep them in motion.
Q “Atoms and space are all that exist”.
This is a denial of the existence of any spiritual or divine agency in the creation.
Q “The things we touch and see are made by the arrangement of atoms in groups”.
Scientifically this view indeed bears some truth. But the philosophic intent behind it appears to be of the negation of any spiritual or divine controlling agency. The arrangement of atoms that move in a fortuitous concourse without any design or control has to be taken as accidental which implies a negation of any designing or controlling authority.
d “There are different kinds of atoms, distinguished by difference of shape, but individual atoms are too small to be noticed by the senses”.
This view is scientific and is correct, and may be taken as a beginning of the scientific research of the material universe. Put surely a science based exclusively on the purpose of material benefit as the object of man’s life on earth is liable to end in material explosion.
- 81The philosophical views expressed in these twelve pages are not of Sir James Jeans himself. He only has discussed them as the conceivable probabilities ammoniating from the particular situations of science against the inadequacy of its established facts hitherto diverse. These probabilities, however, are exactly in line with the philosophical…
- 66PART (ONE) PHILOSOPHICAL HISTORY OF ATOMISM In order to understand this modern age, and all that is of this modern age, the knowledge, the science, the civilisation, the culture, the progress, the thought and all the moral, social, economic, religious, aesthetic, philosophical and psychological features, opinions, beliefs, attitudes and…
- Scrutiny of Modern Philosophy of Creation of Universe Summary and Review of Twelve pages of Mysterious Universe58
- Source of Modern Creation Philosophy for scrutiny: The Twelve Pages of "THE MYSTERIOUS UNIVERSE” by Sir James Jeans55The philosophical views expressed in these twelve pages are not of Sir James Jeans himself. He only has discussed them as the conceivable probabilities ammoniating from the particular situations of science against the inadequacy of its established facts hitherto diverse. These probabilities, however, are exactly in line with the philosophical…
- 46SECTION (i) INTRODUCTION PART (ONE): The pioneers of modern atomism and intended to adopt atomism with a determination to segregate its atheistic side and to adopt the purely scientific side of the theory and this they thought as possible. But time has exposed their error. The atheistic part of atomism…
- 38Chapter-1 History of Atomism Chapter-II Doctrinal implications of ancient Greek atomism Chapter-III The views of the Quran versus the views of early Greek Atomic Theory Chapter-IV The missing link between the ancient and modern followers of atomism Chapter-V The twelve pages of “The Mysterious Universe” examined. Section (i) The twelve…
- 37The points of difference and the contrasting features shall no longer remain obscure. Scientist through his knowledge has tended towards confusion, disbelief, dismay, distress, fear, misapprehension, perplexity and lack of confidence. He fails to find the purpose of creation of this universe and the creation of man therein has puzzled…
- 33By the infinite grace and boundless mercy of Allah, this series of volumes is my original work. The application of scientific facts, and the new discoveries from the Quran are all my own and quite unknown to anyone, anywhere, Muslims or non-Muslims. And for that, the most benign and merciful…
- 31The sect of Epicureans in ancient Greece adopted the theory of atomism as a fundamental part of their system, not indeed for its scientific utility, but its apparent inconsistency with the doctrine of divine government which they regarded as the source of worst evil that affects mankind, namely the fear…