World Bank President: Climate Change Is Urgent ‘Today’ Problemhttp://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/04/world-bank-president-climate-change-is-urgent-today-problem.html “If we have any hope of keeping climate change below two degrees celsius, the peak year of carbon emission has to be 2016,” said Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank. “So the challenge is right in front of us.” Thursday on the NewsHour, Kim speaks with Jeffrey Brown about a new initiative to address extreme poverty around the world. In an extended conversation, Kim also addressed the urgency of climate change and how World Bank is working to combat its effects. He says they must increase financial resources for sustainable energy, use innovative agriculture and partner with major cities to reduce their carbon footprint. But getting different international powers to agree on things like the price of carbon has been one of the challenges in the effort to curb climate change. Kim said once that is decided, the market forces will kick in and regulate emission.
Climate Change Fundamental Threat To Economic Devt– World Bankhttp://leadership.ng/nga/articles/52399/2013/04/19/climate_change_fundamental_threat_economic_devt_world_bank.html Climate change is not just an environmental challenge but a fundamental threat to economic development. Unless the world takes bold action now, a disastrously warming planet threatens to put prosperity out of reach of millions and roll back decades of development. These were the words of the president of the World Bank, Mr. Jim Yong Kim, while addressing delegates yesterday at the ongoing Spring Meetings of the IMF/World Bank taking place at the Secretariat of the global bank in Washington, DC. In his speech yesterday, Mr Jim Yong Kim, who sees climate change as a major threat to economic development said: “As we move ahead, we also must address climate change with a plan that matches the scope of the problem. “At the World Bank Group, we are stepping up our mitigation, adaptation, and disaster risk management work. Some 130 countries have asked the World Bank for assistance in climate-related work. “Also, as we move toward these poverty goals, we also must be far more effective in fragile and conflict affected states.
South Florida assessing impact of climate change on roads, bridges, railroads, airports http://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/palm-beach/fl-climate-change-transportation-20130418,0,1015294.story In August, Tropical Storm Isaac flooded neighborhood roads in central and western Palm Beach County, dumping a historic 15 inches of rain in a few hours. In November, Hurricane Sandy washed out a portion of State Road A1A in Fort Lauderdale. South Florida transportation planners think these examples are the beginning of the impact that rising sea levels, strong storm surges and flooding are going to have on the region’s transportation infrastructure. “It’s going to happen more often,” said Roger Del Rio, a project coordinator with the Broward Metropolitan Planning Organization.
Getting Chummy on Climate Changehttp://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/04/climate-change.html Lost amid the high power diplomacy over North Korea’s nuclear threats, but perhaps provoked by the more immediate risks to Chinese citizens breathing dangerously foul air, the United States and China have agreed to step up their cooperation on climate change. Emerging from Secretary of State John Kerry’s trip to Beijing last weekend, but mostly unreported, the world’s two biggest energy consumers and greenhouse gas emitters and both non-ratifiers of the Kyoto protocol decided to add climate change to their Strategic and Economic Dialogue. That’s the highest level exchange between U.S. and Chinese officials short of presidential summits. Placing such a priority on climate change “would have been unimaginable two years ago,” said Kenneth Lieberthal, who handled China issues in the Clinton White House and is now a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution. A joint communique issued April 13 during Kerry’s visit to Beijing said, “Both sides recognize that, given the latest scientific understanding of accelerating climate change and the urgent need to intensify global efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, forceful, nationally appropriate action by the United States and China — including large scale cooperative action — is more critical than ever.”
With Climate Change Science Unsettled, a Carbon Tax is Even More Uselesshttp://blog.heritage.org/2013/04/18/with-climate-change-science-unsettled-a-carbon-tax-is-even-more-useless/ Scientists are struggling to explain a slowdown in climate change that has exposed gaps in their understanding and defies a rise in global greenhouse gas emissions. Often focused on century-long trends, most climate models failed to predict that the temperature rise would slow, starting around 2000. Scientists are now intent on figuring out the causes and determining whether the respite will be brief or a more lasting phenomenon.
Notre Dame to be new home of climate change indexhttp://www.southbendtribune.com/news/sbt-notre-dame-to-be-new-home-of-climate-change-index-20130418,0,4605244.story SOUTH BEND — The University of Notre Dame will become the new home base of the Global Adaptation Index, a tool showing which countries are best prepared to deal with droughts, storms and other natural disasters that may be caused by climate change. Known as GAIN, the index ranks countries annually based on how vulnerable they are to climate change and how prepared they are to adapt. For details, visit: index.gain.org. The move was scheduled to be announced at a news conference at noon today in Washington, D.C. The founders were looking to take the index to a new level and wanted a university partner, said Jessica Hellmann, a Notre Dame biological sciences professor who specializes in the study of climate and directs the university’s Environmental Change Initiative’s Climate Adaptation Program.
S., Japan, G8 Commit to Climate Change Action http://ens-newswire.com/2013/04/18/u-s-japan-g8-commit-to-climate-change-action/WASHINGTON, DC, April 18, 2013 (ENS) – Support for global action to curb climate change is growing stronger within the G8 group of the world’s largest industrial democracies, which includes the United States and Japan. During an April 14 meeting in Tokyo, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Japan’s Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida expressed “serious concern about anthropogenic climate change and its worsening impacts.”
Is climate Change taking a break? http://www.dw.de/is-climate-change-taking-a-break/a-16740391 The cold start into spring has made people in parts of Europe wonder if the climate is really warming. Global temperatures have not been rising in recent years. Is the earth cooling instead of warming? Looking at the average temperature over five years during the last 15 years, global temperatures might appear to be flattening out. “Over the last decade there has been very little new warming,” says Ed Hawkins from the University of Reading in the United Kingdom. The development is not unexpected, he told DW: “We are confident that human emissions of greenhouse gases have caused a large component of the warming over the last 150 years, but at the same time we do not expect every year to be warmer than the last. There are reasons why temperatures may remain flat for a decade and continue to warm later on.” Hawkins cites periods in the 1960s and 1970s when temperatures were actually cooling. The current flattening out of the temperature curve could be due to natural fluctuation
First Step’ in Addressing Effects of Climate Changehttp://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/04/130418154417.htm A new report on the potential effects of climate change on NOAA’s Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary uses existing observations and science-based expectations to identify how climate change could affect habitats, plants and animals within the sanctuary and adjacent coastal areas. t also outlines new management recommendations for the sanctuary, and sanctuary officials called it the first step toward addressing them. They also said the report issued by the sanctuary, Climate Change and the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary: Interpreting Potential Futures, will provide a foundation of information and identify key issues facing the sanctuary.
The dirty little secret to tackling climate changehttp://www.crikey.com.au/2013/04/18/the-dirty-little-secret-to-tackling-climate-change/?wpmp_switcher=mobile Forget the carbon price, forget the opposition’s Direct Action climate plan. Australia could probably meet its targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions without either, provided we did one thing. But you won’t hear the politicians talk about it. A statistical analysis by Crikey, based on data released this week, indicates that if Australia’s high population growth rate were reined in, the country would already be meeting its targets to cut pollution. In fact, we’d probably be under those targets. The federal government’s data on greenhouse gas emissions for the December quarter points to the major impact the population boom has had on Australia’s emissions. Here’s the Crikey number-crunching that shows why it might be time to talk about the environmental impact of Australia’s growing population. (This is a crude statistical analysis, but you won’t find the government — both major parties support and plan for significant population growth — doing it. So we had a go.) Australia’s per capita emissions actually dropped between 1989 and 2012. But the population increased by 35% during that period, and overall national emissions soared by 32%. That took national greenhouse gas emissions from 418 megatonnes a year in 1990 to 552 megatonnes in 2012 (a megatonne is 1 million tonnes). Australia has a high rate of population growth, caused in part by a relatively high rate of immigration. What would the country’s emissions be if that was not the case? The ABS calculates that in the decade to 2007, the population grew by 3% pa on average, with “just under half from net overseas migration” (the rest comes from births). The proportion of population growth coming from migration increased to more than half at the end of that period; last year the federal government said migration “has in recent years had the largest impact on overall population change”. In 2009, migration provided 65% of population growth. Based on those numbers, if Australia had net zero migration from 1989 to 2012, we can estimate the population would have increased from 16.9 million (1989) to roughly 20.4 million (2012).
PM Singh: India To Double Renewable Energy Capacity By 2017 http://www.asianscientist.com/topnews/pm-singh-india-set-double-renewable-energy-capacity-2017/ it was the first time that the Ministerial meeting has been convened in India. The Prime Minister emphasized the urgency to develop clean energy because of the scarcity of fossil fuel based energy and corresponding greenhouse gas emissions. Developing countries account for 82 percent of the world’s population and they use 55 percent of the available global supply of energy, he said. But they could not follow industrialized countries in meeting their energy requirements through fossil fuel based energy, as the impact on the global climate would be simply unsustainable, he said. He asked industrialized countries – on any principle of equity – to bear a large share of the burden, as he said that they are historically responsible for the bulk of the accumulated greenhouse gas emissions and also the most technically advanced.
Gore calls for action on climate changehttp://www.irishtimes.com/news/world/gore-calls-for-action-on-climate-change-1.1362328 Former US vice-president Al Gore called for action on climate change yesterday, comparing denial of changing weather patterns to “sleepwalking towards the edge of the cliff”. Mr Gore, who was jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his attempts to raise awareness of climate change, made the remarks at a keynote address at a Dublin conference exploring the links between climate change, hunger and poor nutrition. “Even with glaring evidence [of extreme weather patterns] people still do not connect the dots of climate change,” he told more than 350 delegates from 60 countries. “We have to win the conversation about climate change. When you hear denial, speak up.” Mr Gore, author of An Inconvenient Truth , a best-selling book on global warming which was the subject of an Oscar-winning documentary film, discussed the effects of climate change on food security.
Climate Changes Updates 19 -22 April
1. Global Warming: ‘Black Carbon’ Flowing from Soil to Oceans
Last 30 years were the warmest in the last 1400 yearshttp://news.mongabay.com/2013/0421-hance-continent-climate.html From 1971 to 2000, the world’s land areas were the warmest they have been in at least 1,400 years, according to a new study inNature Geoscience. The massive new study, involving 80 researchers from around the world with the Past Global Changes (PAGES) group, is the first to look at continental temperature changes over two thousand years, providing insights into regional climatic changes from the Roman Empire to the modern day. According to the data, Earth’s land masses were generally cooling until anthropogenic climate change reversed the long-term pattern in the late-19th Century.
UN Climate Leader Christiana Figueres
to Speak at UMass Bostonhttp://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/4/prweb10655484.htm Christiana Figueres, the top United Nations leader on climate change, will speak at the University of Massachusetts Boston on April 24 to discuss how the international community can act decisively to blunt the impacts of global climate change. Fighting the devastating consequences of a warming planet requires collaboration among many groups, each with its own priorities. Figueres will outline a plan for managing these divisions in her talk, “From Climate Conflict to Climate Action: Capturing the Greatest Opportunities of Our Generation.” Her talk is part of the annual Slomoff Lecture Series in Conflict Resolution. The event is free and open to the public. It will take place in the UMass Boston Campus Center Ballroom on April 24 from 2-3:30 p.m. Since 2010, Figueres has served as the executive secretary of the of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is responsible for facilitating intergovernmental negotiations to create a plan to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and prevent human degradation of the climate system.
S., Japan, G8 Commit to Climate Change Action http://ens-newswire.com/2013/04/18/u-s-japan-g8-commit-to-climate-change-action/WASHINGTON, DC, April 18, 2013 (ENS) – Support for global action to curb climate change is growing stronger within the G8 group of the world’s largest industrial democracies, which includes the United States and Japan. During an April 14 meeting in Tokyo, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and Japan’s Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida expressed “serious concern about anthropogenic climate change and its worsening impacts.” They said the United States and Japan “share the view” that human-caused climate change represents a threat to the security and economic development of all nations.
China Plans to Complete Climate Change Draft Law in Two Yearshttp://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-04-18/china-to-complete-climate-change-law-draft-in-two-years.htmlChina plans to draw on the experience of seven regional carbon markets as it drafts new national legislation in one or two years, according to the country’s lead climate negotiator. The nation, the biggest emitter of greenhouse gases linked to global warming, will “actively promote” the legislation, Xie Zhenhua, vice chairman at the National Development and Reform Commission, said yesterday in Beijing. “Shanghai and Shenzhen are trying to set rules for carbon trading,” providing expertise for the nation, he said. China, which surpassed Japan in 2010 to become the world’s second-biggest economy, plans to cut carbon emissions per unit of economic output by 40 percent to 45 percent before 2020 and learn from carbon-pricing efforts in South Korea, Australia and the European Union, Xie said.
China climate chief says EU CO2 crisis will not hurt domestic planshttp://planetark.org/enviro-news/item/68456 The crisis facing the European carbon market will not deter China from plans to establish its own emissions trading platform or its other climate pledges, the senior official responsible for climate change said on Thursday. Xie Zhenhua, vice-director of the National Development and Reform Commission in charge of climate policies, said efforts to cut greenhouse gas emissions were a “domestic requirement”. They were, he said, designed to address longstanding inefficiency and environmental problems, and did not depend on other nations, or on the state of the economy. “China has pledged these targets to the international community to deal with climate change and they will not change,” he said at an event in Beijing. “Even if other countries say they will do nothing, we will keep to our strategy. No matter what happens to our economy, we cannot make any change.” The global financial crisis has saddled Europe’s Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) with a crushing oversupply of carbon credits and record low prices, but the EU parliament this week rejected proposals to bail the market out.
Earth Day 2013 focuses on climate changehttp://www.washingtonpost.com/local/earth-day-2013-focuses-on-climate-change/2013/04/21/4b792cfe-aa9f-11e2-b6fd-ba6f5f26d70e_story.html The environmental movement will mark Earth Day on Monday with events locally and elsewhere highlighting responses to climate change and other challenges facing the planet. In the District, Union Station will be a hub for observance of the 43rd anniversary of the first Earth Day in 1970. The Earth Day Network, a coordinating organization, said the station will host a farmers market, raffles, giveaways, an exhibit from NASA and a recycling drive. There will speeches at noon and live music at noon and 4:30 p.m. from the U.S. Army Field Band.